pend·​ing | \ ˈpen-diŋ How to pronounce pending (audio) \

Definition of pending

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : during their opportunity to develop trade pending the laborious and fruitless negotiations— Theodore Hsi-En Chen
2 : while awaiting pending approval were held in custody pending trial



Definition of pending (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : not yet decided : being in continuance the case is still pending

Synonyms & Antonyms for pending

Synonyms: Preposition

Synonyms: Adjective

Antonyms: Adjective

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Examples of pending in a Sentence

Preposition He is being held in jail pending trial. She received a four-year sentence and is currently out on bail pending appeal. Adjective The results of the investigation are pending. There are lawsuits pending against the company.
Recent Examples on the Web: Preposition Since Sorokin is currently in Immigration and Enforcement custody pending deportation, the video interview happened in fits and starts because Cooper and Sorokin had to keep reconnecting on the phone when time was up. Lisa Respers France, CNN, 17 Mar. 2022 Even if the Trump team completes certain actions and publishes them in the Federal Register, the Biden team can halt implementation pending review. Kelsey Brugger, Science | AAAS, 10 Nov. 2020 Although a federal judge issued an injunction to keep the program alive pending higher court review, the young immigrants stand to lose their right to work, travel and attend school. Carolyn Lochhead, San Francisco Chronicle, 27 Jan. 2018 Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Bankruptcy filings generally put on hold any pending litigation against a debtor. Patrick Danner, San Antonio Express-News, 28 Apr. 2022 New contract signings were also down in March, according to the latest pending-home sales report by the National Association of Realtors. Tristan Bove, Fortune, 28 Apr. 2022 The first vehicle is scheduled to arrive by Earth Day, April 22, with 40 more pending delivery this summer, Frito-Lay said in a news release. Phoebe Wall Howard, Detroit Free Press, 19 Apr. 2022 Unique conditions in the individual market make understanding current, pending and future regulatory legislation essential for successful performance. Vijay Murugappan, Forbes, 8 Sep. 2021 Later, Beth's supervisor suggests Stacey isn't polished enough to be ready in time for a solo in a pending showcase. Amanda Ostuni,, 23 Feb. 2022 In Arkansas and 23 other states that had challenged the mandate in court, the rules required employees to have at least one vaccine dose or a pending request for a medical or religious exemption by Monday of this week. Andy Davis, Arkansas Online, 18 Feb. 2022 Hartline’s promotion, while deserved, may also be a corollary to the pending hire of an offensive line coach to replace Greg Studrawa. Nathan Baird, cleveland, 9 Jan. 2022 Officer Shanelle Gonzalez, a spokesperson for CHP, said the agency is declining to comment on the case because of the pending litigation. Stefanie Dazio, USA TODAY, 17 Mar. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'pending.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of pending


1642, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1643, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for pending

Preposition and Adjective

French pendant, from present participle of pendre

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Time Traveler for pending

Time Traveler

The first known use of pending was in 1642

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Dictionary Entries Near pending




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Statistics for pending

Last Updated

27 Mar 2022

Cite this Entry

“Pending.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 26 May. 2022.

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More Definitions for pending


pend·​ing | \ ˈpen-diŋ How to pronounce pending (audio) \

Kids Definition of pending

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: while waiting for He's in jail pending a trial.



Kids Definition of pending (Entry 2 of 2)

: not yet decided The lawsuit is pending.


pend·​ing | \ ˈpen-diŋ How to pronounce pending (audio) \

Legal Definition of pending

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : during the time of
2 : while awaiting : in the time preceding held in escrow pending the outcome of the suit free pending trial



Legal Definition of pending (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : not yet decided a pending suit
2 : to occur or be realized soon

More from Merriam-Webster on pending

Nglish: Translation of pending for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of pending for Arabic Speakers


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