damage

noun
dam·age | \ˈda-mij \

Definition of damage 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation flood damage sustained severe damage to her knee

2 damages plural : compensation in money imposed by law for loss or injury The judge awarded them $5,000 in damages.

3 : expense, cost "What's the damage?" he asked the waiter

damage

verb
damaged; damaging

Definition of damage (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to cause damage (see damage entry 1 sense 1) to don't damage the furniture returning soldiers damaged by war

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Other Words from damage

Verb

damageability \ˌda-mi-jə-ˈbi-lə-tē \ noun
damager noun

Choose the Right Synonym for damage

Verb

injure, harm, hurt, damage, impair, mar mean to affect injuriously. injure implies the inflicting of anything detrimental to one's looks, comfort, health, or success. badly injured in an accident harm often stresses the inflicting of pain, suffering, or loss. careful not to harm the animals hurt implies inflicting a wound to the body or to the feelings. hurt by their callous remarks damage suggests injury that lowers value or impairs usefulness. a table damaged in shipping impair suggests a making less complete or efficient by deterioration or diminution. years of smoking had impaired his health mar applies to injury that spoils perfection (as of a surface) or causes disfigurement. the text is marred by many typos

Examples of damage in a Sentence

Noun

The items were carefully wrapped to protect them from damage during shipping. The city sustained heavy damage during the war. Fortunately the boat suffered no serious damage in the storm. The fall caused considerable damage to her knee. The disease is known to cause permanent brain damage. The scandal caused significant damage to her career. You've said enough. Please leave before you do any more damage. He tried to repair the damage by apologizing, but it was too late. He apologized, but the damage was already done.

Verb

Please return any items that are damaged during shipping. Many homes were damaged or completely destroyed in the fire. The fall severely damaged her knee. Smoking can seriously damage your lungs. The scandal significantly damaged her career. This news will undoubtedly damage the governor's reputation. He was worried that his comments had seriously damaged their relationship. He's trying to repair his damaged reputation.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

All the while, vultures are still doing damage to the livestock. Jordyn Hermani, Indianapolis Star, "Black vultures are eating cows alive. But it's difficult to legally kill the birds.," 13 July 2018 Power and water outages were common, and damage to roads and railway tracks disrupted deliveries of food and relief supplies. Fox News, "Thousands still in shelters after deadly flooding in Japan," 13 July 2018 The most serious risk involves the potential damage to investor and business confidence, which could stifle investment and hiring. Phillip Molnar, sandiegouniontribune.com, "Can the U.S. economy withstand a trade war?," 13 July 2018 Although conversion and trespass to chattels have traditionally involved damage to personal property, the players argue that intangible property should count too. Michael Mccann, SI.com, "Should the NCAA Be Worried About the Lawsuit It's Facing From Former Louisville Players?," 12 July 2018 And if the heavy hand of partisanship or ideology extended to cases involving ostensibly neutral agencies like the National Labor Relations Board, real damage to impartiality could be done. Ed Kilgore, Daily Intelligencer, "Nudged by SCOTUS, Trump Takes Control of Hundreds of Federal Agency Judges," 11 July 2018 Police arrested 59-year-old Charlie Edward Walker of Mount Airy after he was released from the hospital and charged him with felony breaking and entering, possession of burglary tools and damage to property, according to WGHP. Joe Marusak, charlotteobserver, "Burglar got stuck in Golden Corral exhaust vent. Then cooks fired up the grill, NC cops say," 11 July 2018 Republicans made that change because the Trump Administration wants to use the CCC to mitigate the damage to U.S. crop prices from the Trump trade war. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "Dust Bowl Economics," 11 July 2018 He is being held in the Hall County Jail without bond on charges of aggravated assault and first-degree criminal damage to property. Chelsea Prince, ajc, "Man wanted in Hall County drive-by shooting arrested at metro Atlanta hotel," 10 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Stolen emails, many politically damaging for Clinton, appeared on WikiLeaks in the campaign's final stretch. CBS News, "Trump responds to Russian hacking indictment by blaming Obama administration," 14 July 2018 The fire also damaged the lawn, a nearby fence and garbage cans. Staff Report, chicagotribune.com, "Police reports: Fireworks used to set fire to portable toilet in Park Ridge," 13 July 2018 Gorillaz collaborator rapper Del The Funky Homosapien is still hospitalized due to fractured ribs and damaged lungs from a July 7 stage fall during the group's set at Denmark's Roskilde Festival, according to Damon Albarn. Sam Tornow, Billboard, "Damon Albarn Reveals That Del the Funky Homosapien Fractured Ribs, Punctured Lungs in Stage Fall," 12 July 2018 With Prepa’s system severely damaged, bonds backed by electricity revenue have tumbled in value. Andrew Scurria, WSJ, "Puerto Rico Utility Directors Resign, Alleging Political Interference," 12 July 2018 The humidity of the Morelos region had damaged the temple’s stucco walls, according to a press release, but archaeologists were able to save some of the remaining fragments. Meilan Solly, Smithsonian, "Earthquake Reveals 12th-Century Temple Hidden Within Aztec Pyramid," 12 July 2018 They're considered one of the threats to humans on a potential mission to Mars: During the months-long journey through space, cosmic rays would damage the cells of astronauts and could cause radiation sickness. Author: Sarah Kaplan, Anchorage Daily News, "In a cosmic first, scientists detect ‘ghost particles’ from a distant galaxy," 12 July 2018 Hurricane Irma last year damaged the hotel, which for decades has stood prominently with its space-age architecture and tower crowned with spires. Meryl Kornfield, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Pier 66 plans hotel renovation as first step toward new development," 11 July 2018 The fire previously destroyed 22 structures, damaged six more and injured a firefighter. Julia Sclafani, sacbee, "Northern California wildfire updates: Pacific Crest Trail closures in effect despite progress on Klamathon Fire," 11 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'damage.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of damage

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for damage

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French, from dan damage, from Latin damnum — see damn entry 1

Verb

see damage entry 1

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Statistics for damage

Last Updated

12 Oct 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for damage

The first known use of damage was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for damage

damage

noun

English Language Learners Definition of damage

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: physical harm that is done to something or to someone's body

: emotional harm that is done to someone

: problems that are caused by a mistake, wrong action, etc. : bad or harmful effects on a situation, a person's reputation, etc.

damage

verb

English Language Learners Definition of damage (Entry 2 of 2)

: to physically harm (something)

: to cause problems in or for (something) : to have a bad effect on (a situation, a person's reputation, etc.)

damage

noun
dam·age | \ˈda-mij \

Kids Definition of damage

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : loss or harm caused by injury to a person's body or property How much damage was done to the car?

2 damages plural : money demanded or paid according to law for injury or damage The jury awarded $50,000 in damages.

damage

verb
damaged; damaging

Kids Definition of damage (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cause harm or loss to

damage

noun
dam·age

Legal Definition of damage 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation

2  plural : the money awarded to a party in a civil suit as reparation for the loss or injury for which another is liable — see also additur, cover, mitigate, remittitur — compare declaratory judgment at judgment sense 1a, injunction, specific performance at performance

Note: The trier of fact determines the amount of damages to be awarded to the prevailing party. More than one type of damages may be awarded for a single injury.

actual damages

: damages deemed to compensate the injured party for losses sustained as a direct result of the injury suffered

called also compensatory damages

consequential damages

: special damages in this entry

direct damages

: damages for a loss that is an immediate, natural, and foreseeable result of the wrongful act — compare special damages in this entry

exemplary damages \ig-ˈzem-plə-rē- \

: punitive damages in this entry

expectation damages

: damages recoverable for breach of contract and designed to put the injured party in the position he or she would have been in had the contract been completed

called also expectancy damages

general damages

1 : damages for a loss that is the natural, foreseeable, and logical result of a wrongful act — compare special damages in this entry

2 : damages for losses (as pain and suffering, inconvenience, or loss of lifestyle) whose monetary values are difficult to assign

hedonic damages \hi-ˈdä-nik- \

: damages deemed to compensate for the loss of enjoyment of life resulting from a wrongful act

Note: Hedonic damages are not recognized in all jurisdictions.

incidental damages

: damages recoverable under section 2-715 of the Uniform Commercial Code in breach of contract cases for losses that include expenses incurred in handling and caring for goods which were the subject of the contract, reasonable expenses incurred in obtaining cover, and any other reasonable expenses resulting from the breach that do not fall into any other category

liquidated damages

: damages whose amount is agreed upon by the parties to a contract as adequately compensating for loss in the event of a breach

called also stipulated damages

Note: Liquidated damages in an amount exceeding that needed to reasonably compensate the injured party constitute a penalty and are therefore void.

moratory damages

in the civil law of Louisiana : damages recoverable for loss resulting from an obligor's delay in performing

Note: Compensatory damages are recoverable in a case of failure to perform.

nominal damages

: damages awarded in a small amount (as one dollar) in cases in which a party has been injured but no loss resulted from the injury or in which the injured party failed to prove that loss resulted from the injury

presumed damages

: damages that are presumed under the law to result naturally and necessarily from a tortious act and that therefore do not require proof

punitive damages

: damages awarded in cases of serious or malicious wrongdoing to punish or deter the wrongdoer or deter others from behaving similarly

called also exemplary damages, smart money

special damages

: damages awarded in an amount deemed to compensate for losses that arise not as a natural result of the injury but because of some particular circumstance of the injured party specifically : damages relating to a business, profession, or property that are easily calculable in monetary terms

called also consequential damages

— compare direct damages in this entry general damages in this entry

Note: Because special damages do not arise in every case, they must be specifically requested in the pleadings. This is an issue of particular importance in cases of harm to reputation, such as slander, libel, and malicious prosecution.

stipulated damages

in the civil law of Louisiana : liquidated damages in this entry

treble damages \ˈtre-bəl- \

: damages awarded in an amount that is three times the amount for which the trier of fact finds the wrongdoer liable

Note: Treble damages are recoverable where authorized by statute and are usually imposed as a punishment.

3  plural : losses for which damages are recoverable did not incur damages, because he was unlikely to win the foreclosure case— Rosalind Resnick

damage

adjective

Legal Definition of damage (Entry 2 of 2)

: of or relating to damages a damage action a damage remedy

History and Etymology for damage

Noun

Old French, from dam injury, harm, from Latin damnum financial loss, fine

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More from Merriam-Webster on damage

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for damage

Spanish Central: Translation of damage

Nglish: Translation of damage for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of damage for Arabic Speakers

Comments on damage

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exaggeratedly or childishly emotional

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