\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration also : an enlargement of the digestive tract of another animal (such as an insect)
2a(1) : a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence an apple crop a crop of wool
(2) : the total yearly production from a specified area
b : the product or yield of something formed together the ice crop
c : a batch or lot of something produced during a particular cycle the current crop of films
d : collection a crop of lies
3 : the stock or handle of a whip also : a riding whip with a short straight stock and a loop
4 [crop entry 2]
a : the part of the chine of a quadruped (such as a domestic cow) lying immediately behind the withers usually used in plural — see cow illustration
b : an earmark on an animal especially : one made by a straight cut squarely removing the upper part of the ear
c : a close cut of the hair He has a thick crop of hair.


cropped; cropping

Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to remove the upper or outer parts of crop a hedge crop a dog's ears
b : harvest crop trout
c : to cut off short : trim crop a photograph
2 : to cause (land) to bear a crop planned to crop another 40 acres also : to grow as a crop

intransitive verb

1 : to feed by cropping something
2 : to yield or make a crop
3 : to appear unexpectedly or casually Problems crop up daily.

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Synonyms for crop

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of crop in a Sentence

Noun Tobacco is their main crop. They sprayed the crops with a pesticide. The teachers got ready for a new crop of students. a new crop of horror movies Verb The picture was cropped badly. We had to crop the image to fit it into the frame. Her hair was cropped short.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The nations’ foreign ministries said Israeli farmers would be allowed to harvest this season’s crops in Ghamr, known in Hebrew as Tsofar. Washington Post, "World Digest: Nov. 10, 2019," 10 Nov. 2019 Boykin works for the Cassava Virus Action Project, which uses DNA sequencing technology to help farmers in Africa find pathogens in the staple crop in real time. Wired, "How Do We Bring Equality to Data Ownership and Usage?," 8 Nov. 2019 For decades, the plant was a legal crop in the U.S. and was used to make textiles, paper, rope and other products before the early part of the last century. Judith Kohler, The Denver Post, "Federal rule on hemp production seen as watershed for growing Colorado industry," 30 Oct. 2019 His parents, David Davis Griscom and Helen Thorne, ran Cropwell — a family farm that mostly grew apples and peaches, along with a few other crops in smaller supply., "The Griscoms, who lived in Lexington for many years, went on to sing in Boston with the Chorus pro Musica and the Cantata Singers — she was a soprano, he was a tenor. Their performances included a memorable night at Symphony Hall with the Boston Symphony Orchestra in the early 1960s.," 21 Oct. 2019 Most gardeners switch to the cool season crops at this time of the year and restart tomatoes and peppers in early March. Tom Maccubbin,, "Fruiting pineapple plants need full sun, moisture, fertilizer," 19 Oct. 2019 Hanif Rezaie, spokesman for the army crops in northern Balkh, also confirmed the crash of the chopper near the Hairatan area outside the city. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Afghan officials: Military chopper crashes, killing 7," 15 Oct. 2019 Fueled by a high-yielding crop in 2018 and slowing wine sales, wineries are cutting back on production. Esther Mobley,, "Eyeing a possible recession, California wineries cut back on production — and farmers suffer," 4 Oct. 2019 Hemp, which was legalized as an agricultural crop in 2018, is a cousin of the marijuana plant and both are part of the cannabis family. Kate Bowers, Fortune, "As Walgreens, CVS, and Kroger Get Set to Stock CBD Beauty Products, Here’s What You Need to Know," 2 Oct. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Over the years, a host of impact investing platforms that cropped up to test this belief has launched and failed at an alarming rate. Durreen Shahnaz, Quartz India, "The highs and lows of creating the world’s first social stock exchange," 17 Oct. 2019 This crops 10 percent of the image, and uses that unseen zoom to reduce and mitigate shaking. Wired, "The GoPro Hero 7 Black is $70 Off Right Now," 4 Oct. 2019 But there’s time to address all of those issues and any others that might crop up in the coming weeks. Nick Moyle,, "Excitement abounds for Texas as practice begins," 2 Aug. 2019 Anxiety was a constant part of her daily routine then, with attacks cropping up and sending her to the school counselor’s office multiple times each day. Matt Dutton, The Seattle Times, "EXCHANGE: Quincy program helps student overcome anxiety," 12 May 2018 Famously, in 2017, Reynolds wished his wife a happy birthday by cropping her out of a photo. Amy Mackelden, Marie Claire, "Ryan Reynolds Trolls Blake Lively So Hard in 'Deadpool 2' Trailer," 23 Mar. 2018 Death & Co cropped up on New Year’s Eve, 2007, and made one hell of a splash. Alex Van Buren, Condé Nast Traveler, "21 Best Bars in New York City," 1 Mar. 2018 Competitive ax-throwing clubs cropped up in Canada around a decade ago. Mackenzie Shuman, azcentral, "Need some stress relief? LumberjAxes opening ax-throwing venue in Glendale," 12 Sep. 2019 The little boy has cropped up at ribbon cuttings, news conferences, and a closed-door meeting with the governor. Halley Bondy, NBC News, "In the know: Women in the news 9/9-9/13," 13 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'crop.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of crop


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for crop

Noun and Verb

Middle English, craw, head of a plant, yield of a field, from Old English cropp craw, head of a plant; akin to Old High German kropf goiter, craw

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Time Traveler for crop

Time Traveler

The first known use of crop was before the 12th century

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Statistics for crop

Last Updated

16 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Crop.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 22 November 2019.

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More Definitions for crop


How to pronounce crop (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plant or plant product that is grown by farmers
: the amount of a crop that is gathered at one time or in one season
: a group of people who begin to do something at the same time



English Language Learners Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off the upper or outer parts of (something)
: to cut off part of (a picture or photograph)
: to cut (someone's hair) short


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Kids Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a plant or plant product that is grown and harvested Corn is their main crop.
2 : the amount gathered or harvested : harvest a crop of wheat
3 : a short riding whip
4 : an enlargement just above the stomach of a bird or insect in which food is temporarily stored
5 : batch sense 2, lot There is a new crop of movies out.
6 : a close cut of the hair


cropped; cropping

Kids Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to remove (as by cutting or biting) the upper or outer parts of : trim
2 : to grow or yield a crop (as of grain) : cause (land) to bear a crop
crop up
: to come or appear when not expected Problems crop up daily.


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Medical Definition of crop

: a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration

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More from Merriam-Webster on crop

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for crop

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with crop

Spanish Central: Translation of crop

Nglish: Translation of crop for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of crop for Arabic Speakers

Comments on crop

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