\ˈkräp \

Definition of crop 

(Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration also : an enlargement of the digestive tract of another animal (such as an insect)

2a(1) : a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence an apple crop a crop of wool

(2) : the total yearly production from a specified area

b : the product or yield of something formed together the ice crop

c : a batch or lot of something produced during a particular cycle the current crop of films

d : collection a crop of lies

3 : the stock or handle of a whip also : a riding whip with a short straight stock and a loop

4 [ 2crop ]

a : the part of the chine of a quadruped (such as a domestic cow) lying immediately behind the withers usually used in plural — see cow illustration

b : an earmark on an animal especially : one made by a straight cut squarely removing the upper part of the ear

c : a close cut of the hair He has a thick crop of hair.


cropped; cropping

Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to remove the upper or outer parts of crop a hedge crop a dog's ears

b : harvest crop trout

c : to cut off short : trim crop a photograph

2 : to cause (land) to bear a crop planned to crop another 40 acres also : to grow as a crop

intransitive verb

1 : to feed by cropping something

2 : to yield or make a crop

3 : to appear unexpectedly or casually Problems crop up daily.

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Synonyms for crop

Synonyms: Noun


Synonyms: Verb

cultivate, culture, dress, grow, promote, raise, rear, tend

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Examples of crop in a Sentence


Tobacco is their main crop. They sprayed the crops with a pesticide. The teachers got ready for a new crop of students. a new crop of horror movies


The picture was cropped badly. We had to crop the image to fit it into the frame. Her hair was cropped short.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

If this year’s crop of athletes is any indication, there will be plenty of outstanding gymnasts to consider. Jenny Mccoy, SELF, "The USA Women's Gymnastics Team Won Its 4th Straight World Championship—Here's How to Watch the Final Events," 31 Oct. 2018 Of course, some of the problems that inevitably crop up are things that no one anticipated. NBC News, "Why astronaut Chris Hadfield isn't afraid of death," 4 July 2018 Underneath the layers of women’s clothes, Niko is a 19-year-old man with a short crop of brown hair and a soft, malleable face, still clinging to its last bits of baby fat. Liana Satenstein, Vogue, "Meet Gerilyn, Tbilisi’s Queen of Drag," 21 Nov. 2018 Like other crops, Christmas trees are a commodity that goes through cycles from too few trees to an oversupply. Lisa Rathke, The Seattle Times, "It may be harder to find the perfect Christmas tree," 21 Nov. 2018 For one, city politicians have a hard time convincing farmers not to burn crops, which is often the cheapest way to clear fields. Umair Irfan, Vox, "New Delhi is once again the most polluted city on Earth," 8 Nov. 2018 Saya will sport an edgy short hair crop, tattoos and copious amounts of leather, while, oh yeah, casually training to become an assassin. Radhika Menon, Teen Vogue, "Lana Condor Said Lara Jean Covey Wouldn’t Survive in Her New Show "Deadly Class"," 8 Oct. 2018 Again, this part of Belgium is rural, covered by tree canopies, crops, and wrinkled with low ridges. Nick Stockton, WIRED, "Laser-Shooting Planes Uncover the Horror and Humanity of World War I," 9 July 2018 China has vowed to immediately respond with equivalent tariffs on U.S. products including soybeans, other farm crops, dairy products and automobiles. James F. Peltz,, "As U.S.-China tit-for-tat tariffs approach, here's what could happen," 5 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Projectors cast artwork against every conceivable space, creating an immersive 360-degree experience that feels reminiscent of other digital art experiences that have been cropping up lately. Liz Stinson, Curbed, "Fine art goes full digital in new Paris museum," 30 Aug. 2018 And yet miniature versions of adult cafe drinks are cropping up in tiny mitts all across America. Charlotte Hilton Andersen, Redbook, "Parenting," 16 Feb. 2012 Of course, teachers are used to catching the latest cold that's going around, but there's another phenomenon that crops up this time of year: Teachers start losing their voices. Barbara Brody, Woman's Day, "New School Year, Old Problem," 16 Sep. 2011 The country leads the world in EV sales, and nearly 500 new EV startups have cropped up, according to a recent report. Sean O'kane, The Verge, "Trump administration criticizes Chinese company’s attempted takeover of Faraday Future," 21 Nov. 2018 Their homes are cropping up ever closer to these features, which often have a propensity to burn. Umair Irfan, Vox, "California’s wildfires are hardly “natural” — humans made them worse at every step," 12 Nov. 2018 American Apparel cropped tank top; Rajni Lucienne Jacques, Teen Vogue, "Women Athletes Share Advice on Making It in Professional Sports," 11 Oct. 2018 My first issue cropped up in June 2017, when the publisher went back to 2016's Forza Horizon 3 and spruced it up for a PC launch. Sam Machkovech, Ars Technica, "My confusing, 10-day journey to getting a UWP game to work on Windows 10," 3 Oct. 2018 However, Baldwin’s head is cropped out of the photo of him crouching while appearing to chat with a child. Stephanie Petit,, "Justin Bieber and Hailey Baldwin Fuel Romance Rumors by Making Out in N.Y.C.," 17 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'crop.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of crop


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for crop


Middle English, craw, head of a plant, yield of a field, from Old English cropp craw, head of a plant; akin to Old High German kropf goiter, craw


see crop entry 1

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Learn More about crop

Dictionary Entries near crop






crop circle

crop duster

Statistics for crop

Last Updated

14 Dec 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for crop

The first known use of crop was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for crop



English Language Learners Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plant or plant product that is grown by farmers

: the amount of a crop that is gathered at one time or in one season

: a group of people who begin to do something at the same time



English Language Learners Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off the upper or outer parts of (something)

: to cut off part of (a picture or photograph)

: to cut (someone's hair) short


\ˈkräp \

Kids Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a plant or plant product that is grown and harvested Corn is their main crop.

2 : the amount gathered or harvested : harvest a crop of wheat

3 : a short riding whip

4 : an enlargement just above the stomach of a bird or insect in which food is temporarily stored

5 : batch sense 2, lot There is a new crop of movies out.

6 : a close cut of the hair


cropped; cropping

Kids Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to remove (as by cutting or biting) the upper or outer parts of : trim

2 : to grow or yield a crop (as of grain) : cause (land) to bear a crop

crop up

: to come or appear when not expected Problems crop up daily.


\ˈkräp \

Medical Definition of crop 

: a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration

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More from Merriam-Webster on crop

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with crop

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for crop

Spanish Central: Translation of crop

Nglish: Translation of crop for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of crop for Arabic Speakers

Comments on crop

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