\ ˈkräp \

Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration also : an enlargement of the digestive tract of another animal (such as an insect)
2a(1) : a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence an apple crop a crop of wool
(2) : the total yearly production from a specified area
b : the product or yield of something formed together the ice crop
c : a batch or lot of something produced during a particular cycle the current crop of films
d : collection a crop of lies
3 : the stock or handle of a whip also : a riding whip with a short straight stock and a loop

4 [ 2crop ]

a : the part of the chine of a quadruped (such as a domestic cow) lying immediately behind the withers usually used in plural — see cow illustration
b : an earmark on an animal especially : one made by a straight cut squarely removing the upper part of the ear
c : a close cut of the hair He has a thick crop of hair.


cropped; cropping

Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to remove the upper or outer parts of crop a hedge crop a dog's ears
b : harvest crop trout
c : to cut off short : trim crop a photograph
2 : to cause (land) to bear a crop planned to crop another 40 acres also : to grow as a crop

intransitive verb

1 : to feed by cropping something
2 : to yield or make a crop
3 : to appear unexpectedly or casually Problems crop up daily.

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Synonyms for crop

Synonyms: Noun


Synonyms: Verb

cultivate, culture, dress, grow, promote, raise, rear, tend

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Examples of crop in a Sentence


Tobacco is their main crop. They sprayed the crops with a pesticide. The teachers got ready for a new crop of students. a new crop of horror movies


The picture was cropped badly. We had to crop the image to fit it into the frame. Her hair was cropped short.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Far from frivolous, many of the appearances—even the late-night ones—represented promotion for the festival’s most diverse crop of films in its 34-year history. David Graver, Vogue, "Weekend One at Sundance: All the Celebrities Who Celebrated the Festival’s Daring Roster," 29 Jan. 2019 And talk to your local county extension agent for advice on soil, local plant pests, and general knowledge on crops. Robin Tribble, Popular Mechanics, "How to Grow a Giant Pumpkin," 24 Jan. 2019 Balance out your slouchy pants with a flirty bralette-sheer crop combo on top and sexiii heeled boots on the bottom. Kelsey Stiegman, Seventeen, "10 Instagram-Worthy Ways to Wear Boyfriend Jeans," 8 Jan. 2019 All those true-blue practicalities—slipping an unused crop down a boot or clipping spurs on a belt loop—were addressed in the final product. Leah Melby Clinton, Town & Country, "Behold: The Most Stylish Equestrian Winter Work Suit," 8 Jan. 2019 The 3- to 9-foot-tall crop grows primarily in South America, and farmers harvest the tiny seeds for consumption. Caroline Picard, Good Housekeeping, "Is Quinoa a Grain? 100% Yes, According to Nutritionists," 10 Dec. 2018 Up Next: The EID2 team plans to expand the database, incorporating diseases that affect crops. Mallory Locklear, Discover Magazine, "With Big Data and Predictive Analytics, Scientists Are Getting Smarter About Outbreaks," 8 Nov. 2018 North Dakota's agricultural economy is dependent on exports and the Beijing government recently imposed a 25 percent tariff on soybeans, the state's top crop. Samuel Chamberlain, Fox News, "Trump, at ND rally, says keeping Senate in GOP hands 'the most important thing' after Kennedy retirement," 2 Oct. 2018 From Millie Bobby Brown's electric azure manicure to skater boy Evan Mock's sparkling fuchsia crop, here are seven ways to embrace neon beauty this year. Jenna Rennert, Vogue, "The First Breakout Beauty Trend of 2019 Is Already Blowing Up on Instagram," 10 Jan. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Problems cropped up for these new owners, too, in the form of delivery delays and notable quality issues. Sean O'kane, The Verge, "The Verge 2018 tech report card: Tesla," 29 Dec. 2018 The encounter got Silliman thinking about other large animals cropping up in unlikely habitats. National Geographic, "As Predators Rebound, You're More Likely to See Alligators at the Beach," 8 May 2018 Last year's race was fairly wide open, with many horses cropping up in prerace discussions as possible contenders to be among the first to cross the finish line. Allison Ross, The Courier-Journal, "Don't want to sound like a Derby newbie? Use these 8 tips and you'll be an instant insider," 31 Mar. 2018 Restaurants and shops that offer traditional Chinese dishes have cropped up in West Allis in recent years, including Sze Chuan, Lucky Barbecue and Bakery, and Fusion Cafe. Carol Deptolla, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Pho Saigon restaurant coming to West Allis," 29 Mar. 2018 Tracy Letts Steven Spielberg's The Post has no shortage of familiar faces, with Alison Brie (The Disaster Artist), Bob Odenkirk (The Disaster Artist) and Bradley Whitford (Get Out) all cropping up in movies that are up for Oscars this year. Patrick Ryan, USA TODAY, "Oscars 2018: 5 actors you've seen in multiple Academy Award contenders," 9 Jan. 2018 City leaders have been working for months to resolve issues that first cropped up last winter, with no satisfactory resolution. Sharon Coolidge,, "No easy fix for Cincinnati streetcars that don't run in the cold; rebuild only option," 2 Feb. 2018 Designed by creative director Kris Van Assche, the two-piece was slim but not too slim, and the trousers were cropped at just the right length. Christian Allaire, Vogue, "Somehow Rami Malek Pulled Off a Red Suit on the Red Carpet," 10 Jan. 2019 Cruz sat silently at the defense table during the hearing, his once unruly hair now closely cropped. Curt Anderson, The Seattle Times, "Prosecutors want trial date in Florida school shooting," 8 Jan. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'crop.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of crop


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for crop

Noun and Verb

Middle English, craw, head of a plant, yield of a field, from Old English cropp craw, head of a plant; akin to Old High German kropf goiter, craw

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Learn More about crop

Dictionary Entries near crop






crop circle

crop duster

Statistics for crop

Last Updated

9 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for crop

The first known use of crop was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for crop



English Language Learners Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plant or plant product that is grown by farmers
: the amount of a crop that is gathered at one time or in one season
: a group of people who begin to do something at the same time



English Language Learners Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off the upper or outer parts of (something)
: to cut off part of (a picture or photograph)
: to cut (someone's hair) short


\ ˈkräp \

Kids Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a plant or plant product that is grown and harvested Corn is their main crop.
2 : the amount gathered or harvested : harvest a crop of wheat
3 : a short riding whip
4 : an enlargement just above the stomach of a bird or insect in which food is temporarily stored
5 : batch sense 2, lot There is a new crop of movies out.
6 : a close cut of the hair


cropped; cropping

Kids Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to remove (as by cutting or biting) the upper or outer parts of : trim
2 : to grow or yield a crop (as of grain) : cause (land) to bear a crop
crop up
: to come or appear when not expected Problems crop up daily.


\ ˈkräp \

Medical Definition of crop

: a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration

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More from Merriam-Webster on crop

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with crop

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for crop

Spanish Central: Translation of crop

Nglish: Translation of crop for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of crop for Arabic Speakers

Comments on crop

What made you want to look up crop? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


to deny responsibility for

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