\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration also : an enlargement of the digestive tract of another animal (such as an insect)
2a(1) : a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence an apple crop a crop of wool
(2) : the total yearly production from a specified area
b : the product or yield of something formed together the ice crop
c : a batch or lot of something produced during a particular cycle the current crop of films
d : collection a crop of lies
3 : the stock or handle of a whip also : a riding whip with a short straight stock and a loop
4 [crop entry 2]
a : the part of the chine of a quadruped (such as a domestic cow) lying immediately behind the withers usually used in plural — see cow illustration
b : an earmark on an animal especially : one made by a straight cut squarely removing the upper part of the ear
c : a close cut of the hair He has a thick crop of hair.


cropped; cropping

Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to remove the upper or outer parts of crop a hedge crop a dog's ears
b : harvest crop trout
c : to cut off short : trim crop a photograph
2 : to cause (land) to bear a crop planned to crop another 40 acres also : to grow as a crop

intransitive verb

1 : to feed by cropping something
2 : to yield or make a crop
3 : to appear unexpectedly or casually Problems crop up daily.

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Synonyms for crop

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of crop in a Sentence

Noun Tobacco is their main crop. They sprayed the crops with a pesticide. The teachers got ready for a new crop of students. a new crop of horror movies Verb The picture was cropped badly. We had to crop the image to fit it into the frame. Her hair was cropped short.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Fall crops such as oats, wheat, and radishes provide vital energy and carbohydrates as deer bulk up for winter—as well as prime hunting sites. Gerald Almy, Field & Stream, "How to Prepare Your Food Plots This Winter for Deer Hunting Success in the Fall," 14 Feb. 2020 In other regions of Idaho, fences had been erected to keep elk at bay, and in another area, officials applied a foul-tasting repellent to crops, encouraging the elk to feed elsewhere. Joe Genzel, Outdoor Life, "The Wild Game State Agencies Confiscate Does Not Go in a Dumpster," 10 Feb. 2020 Photographers would then select individual shots to print or crop, a process that could also involve magazine or newspaper editors, or graphic designers, depending on the project. Steven Litt, cleveland, "‘Proof’ at Cleveland Museum of Art celebrates lost art of the contact sheet in age of film roll photography," 9 Feb. 2020 Also, some crops, such as heat lovers like tomatoes and peppers, require a head start to reach maturity in certain parts of the country. Arricca Elin Sansone, Country Living, "Here's When to Start Seeds Indoors, and How to Start the Process," 4 Feb. 2020 Meanwhile, farmers with access to loans might plant profitable new crops, such as cacao, on some former pastureland. Juan Forero, WSJ, "Squatters Cut Down the Rainforest. Brazil Wants to Give Them the Land.," 31 Jan. 2020 In a video scheduled to be released Monday morning, ahead of the caucus, the groups imagine that decade starting with a massive farm bill which includes fair price guarantees on crops, akin to fair wage laws. Kate Aronoff, The New Republic, "What the Green New Deal Could Mean for Iowa," 31 Jan. 2020 For years, small dairy farms have been selling off their herds and closing down or switching to sustainable crops, like hemp. Mary Norris, The New Yorker, "Milk: It Does an Impeachment Good," 23 Jan. 2020 Now the saplings stood in neat rows, about as wild as a corn crop, as sinewy and fibrous as cotton, their young bodies bending easily in the winds of whatever change may come. National Geographic, "Will the skyscrapers of the future be made out of wood?," 13 Jan. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Take a look at Muck’s creation and the other artistic tributes that have cropped up across America in honor of The Mamba. Stephanie Toone, ajc, "#MambaForever: Murals across America honor Kobe Bryant’s legacy," 28 Jan. 2020 SmileDirectClub is one of several direct-to-consumer (DTC) orthodontia companies that have cropped up in the past decade. Katherine Ellen Foley, Quartz, "The sorry state of US dental insurance led to the rise of direct-to-consumer orthodontia," 21 Jan. 2020 Despite finger, hamstring and lower back issues that all cropped up in the month of December, Pacers starting point guard Malcolm Brogdon assured local media Monday that his health was a non-issue. Nathan Brown, Indianapolis Star, "Malcolm Brogdon sidelined from Pacers' next two-game road trip with back injury," 3 Jan. 2020 In 2017, a red-tide bloom that cropped up off the Gulf coast in October lasted until the early months of 2019. T. Edward Nickens, Field & Stream, "The Conservation Fight for Florida Water is Finally Seeing Progress," 6 Dec. 2019 The illness has been cropping up mainly in pockets of unvaccinated people. The Editors, Scientific American, "The U.S. Should Tighten Vaccination Mandates," 17 Oct. 2019 These words have been cropping up in interviews all over the place. Suresh Rangarajan, Quartz India, "It’s 2019 and Indian businesses need to retire these clichéd phrases," 31 July 2019 Health officials suspect blue-green algae blooms have cropped up in Vancouver Lake amid the first heat wave of the season., "Blue-green algae advisory issued for Vancouver Lake," 13 June 2019 In another tale of data hijinks online, counterfeit restaurants appear to be cropping up on delivery services like GrubHub and Uber Eats. Fortune, "Ahead of its fourth-quarter earnings, Facebook faces costly regulatory pitfalls," 28 Jan. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'crop.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of crop


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for crop

Noun and Verb

Middle English, craw, head of a plant, yield of a field, from Old English cropp craw, head of a plant; akin to Old High German kropf goiter, craw

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Time Traveler for crop

Time Traveler

The first known use of crop was before the 12th century

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Statistics for crop

Last Updated

23 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Crop.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 28 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for crop


How to pronounce crop (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plant or plant product that is grown by farmers
: the amount of a crop that is gathered at one time or in one season
: a group of people who begin to do something at the same time



English Language Learners Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off the upper or outer parts of (something)
: to cut off part of (a picture or photograph)
: to cut (someone's hair) short


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Kids Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a plant or plant product that is grown and harvested Corn is their main crop.
2 : the amount gathered or harvested : harvest a crop of wheat
3 : a short riding whip
4 : an enlargement just above the stomach of a bird or insect in which food is temporarily stored
5 : batch sense 2, lot There is a new crop of movies out.
6 : a close cut of the hair


cropped; cropping

Kids Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to remove (as by cutting or biting) the upper or outer parts of : trim
2 : to grow or yield a crop (as of grain) : cause (land) to bear a crop
crop up
: to come or appear when not expected Problems crop up daily.


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Medical Definition of crop

: a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration

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More from Merriam-Webster on crop

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for crop

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with crop

Spanish Central: Translation of crop

Nglish: Translation of crop for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of crop for Arabic Speakers

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