\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration also : an enlargement of the digestive tract of another animal (such as an insect)
2a(1) : a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence an apple crop a crop of wool
(2) : the total yearly production from a specified area
b : the product or yield of something formed together the ice crop
c : a batch or lot of something produced during a particular cycle the current crop of films
d : collection a crop of lies
3 : the stock or handle of a whip also : a riding whip with a short straight stock and a loop
4 [crop entry 2]
a : the part of the chine of a quadruped (such as a domestic cow) lying immediately behind the withers usually used in plural — see cow illustration
b : an earmark on an animal especially : one made by a straight cut squarely removing the upper part of the ear
c : a close cut of the hair He has a thick crop of hair.


cropped; cropping

Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to remove the upper or outer parts of crop a hedge crop a dog's ears
b : harvest crop trout
c : to cut off short : trim crop a photograph
2 : to cause (land) to bear a crop planned to crop another 40 acres also : to grow as a crop

intransitive verb

1 : to feed by cropping something
2 : to yield or make a crop
3 : to appear unexpectedly or casually Problems crop up daily.

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Synonyms for crop

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of crop in a Sentence

Noun Tobacco is their main crop. They sprayed the crops with a pesticide. The teachers got ready for a new crop of students. a new crop of horror movies Verb The picture was cropped badly. We had to crop the image to fit it into the frame. Her hair was cropped short.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun During this exchange — which professional Bachelor spoiler Reality Steve suspects was a production surprise to the Bachelor — Matt is wearing a simple black crew neck sweater, with a close crop haircut and no jewelry (like a now-popular chain). Ariana Romero,, "We’re About To Meet Matt’s Dad On The Bachelor. It May Be This Season’s Harshest Twist," 2 Mar. 2021 Western Oregon: Plant berry crops (strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, currants, gooseberries and other berry-producing crop plants). oregonlive, "Oregon gardeners, here’s your March guide to planting and planning," 1 Mar. 2021 The small silver lining for farmers is the timing of the freeze, coming at the tail end of the winter crop season, when most farmers were about to transition into planting spring and summer crops. Chuck Blount, Paul Stephen, San Antonio Express-News, "San Antonio's small farmers and ranchers say polar vortex killed most crops, lots of livestock," 1 Mar. 2021 Russia and Argentina have restricted crop shipments to suppress prices at home. Jeremy Diamond, Fortune, "From Brazil to Turkey, food prices are spiking worldwide," 1 Mar. 2021 Following an 1852 crop failure in China, more than 20,000 Chinese immigrants came here to join the California Gold Rush. Steven P. Dinkin, San Diego Union-Tribune, "Now is the time to end our long history of anti-Asian racism," 28 Feb. 2021 Turning sweet potatoes into alcohol would be a value add for an already valuable crop. Elizabeth Macbride, Forbes, "The Secret Ingredient In A Black-Owned Sweet Potato Distillery: Faith.," 28 Feb. 2021 Our report found that the organization has no Black members, which partially explains the puzzling nominations each year and the oversights in this year’s crop of nominees. Los Angeles Times, "Everything to know about Sunday’s 2021 Golden Globe Awards," 27 Feb. 2021 So when Emily in Paris landed two nods among this year's very white crop of Globes nominees — for Best Musical or Comedy TV Series and Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy Series for Collins — the furor was immediate and intense. Tyler Aquilina,, "How snubbing I May Destroy You cracked the Golden Globes' diversity problem wide open," 27 Feb. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb What will happen if serious side effects crop up after the vaccine is rolled out? New York Times, "Answers to Your Questions About the New Covid Vaccines in the U.S.," 14 Dec. 2020 That's a milestone FDA set because historically, vaccine side effects don't crop up later than that. CBS News, "Pfizer asks U.S. regulators to approve emergency use of its COVID-19 vaccine," 20 Nov. 2020 That's a milestone FDA set because historically, vaccine side effects don't crop up later than that. Arkansas Online, "Pfizer seeks emergency use of its covid-19 vaccine in U.S.," 20 Nov. 2020 With next week's highs in the 60s and 70s, who knows if more could crop up. Jay R. Jordan, Chron, "The first bluebonnets of 2021 arrive, just in time," 25 Jan. 2021 That leaves the ability to crop more precisely during editing. The Editors, Outdoor Life, "3 Rules for Improving Your Outdoor Photography Skills," 7 Jan. 2021 The condensed schedule will limit practice time and force teams to rely on deeper playing rotations as injuries crop up and players need rest. Roy Parry,, "Magic set to face Wizards as challenges of condensed NBA schedule begin," 25 Dec. 2020 Both vaccines remain experimental, and the government is closely monitoring safety in case rare problems crop up. Dallas News, "U.S. clears Moderna vaccine for COVID-19, adding 2nd shot to nation’s arsenal," 19 Dec. 2020 And the first people vaccinated will need to undergo extra safety tracking, as the government watches for rare side effects that might crop up when the shots are given to many more people than were in the research studies. Lauran Neergaard, Anchorage Daily News, "Testing timeline: What’s ahead for COVID-19 vaccines," 10 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'crop.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of crop


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for crop

Noun and Verb

Middle English, craw, head of a plant, yield of a field, from Old English cropp craw, head of a plant; akin to Old High German kropf goiter, craw

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Time Traveler for crop

Time Traveler

The first known use of crop was before the 12th century

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Statistics for crop

Last Updated

5 Mar 2021

Cite this Entry

“Crop.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 Mar. 2021.

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More Definitions for crop



English Language Learners Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plant or plant product that is grown by farmers
: the amount of a crop that is gathered at one time or in one season
: a group of people who begin to do something at the same time



English Language Learners Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off the upper or outer parts of (something)
: to cut off part of (a picture or photograph)
: to cut (someone's hair) short


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Kids Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a plant or plant product that is grown and harvested Corn is their main crop.
2 : the amount gathered or harvested : harvest a crop of wheat
3 : a short riding whip
4 : an enlargement just above the stomach of a bird or insect in which food is temporarily stored
5 : batch sense 2, lot There is a new crop of movies out.
6 : a close cut of the hair


cropped; cropping

Kids Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to remove (as by cutting or biting) the upper or outer parts of : trim
2 : to grow or yield a crop (as of grain) : cause (land) to bear a crop
crop up
: to come or appear when not expected Problems crop up daily.


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Medical Definition of crop

: a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration

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More from Merriam-Webster on crop

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for crop

Nglish: Translation of crop for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of crop for Arabic Speakers

Comments on crop

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