out·​crop | \ ˈau̇t-ˌkräp How to pronounce outcrop (audio) \

Definition of outcrop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a coming out of bedrock or of an unconsolidated deposit to the surface of the ground
2 : the part of a rock formation that appears at the surface of the ground


out·​crop | \ ˈau̇t-ˌkräp How to pronounce outcrop (audio) , ˌau̇t-ˈkräp\
outcropped; outcropping; outcrops

Definition of outcrop (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1 : to project from the surrounding soil ledges outcropping from the eroded slope
2 : to come to the surface : appear

Examples of outcrop in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

This christening is just the latest in a decades-long tradition at both NASA and the International Astronomical Union of coming up with nicknames of rockets, buildings, outer-space stones and outcrops to make discussion of scientific results easier. Patrick May, The Mercury News, "New honor for Rolling Stones puts the rock in rock ‘n’ roll," 23 Aug. 2019 Wander through grassy meadows and over rocky outcrop to waterfalls, ascend through a forest of balsam firs to the tallest mountain east of the Mississippi or tackle the Appalachian Trail. Amy Tara Koch, Twin Cities, "Mountain getaways are worth a ‘peak’ in summer," 27 July 2019 Wander through grassy meadows and over a rocky outcrop to waterfalls, ascend through a forest of balsam firs to the tallest mountain east of the Mississippi or tackle the Appalachian Trail. Amy Tara Koch, The Know, "Mountain getaways outside of Colorado that are worthy of a summer vacation," 24 July 2019 Recently, the rover's camera captured a panorama of the Teal Ridge outcrop and Strathdon, a rock comprised of wavy sediment layers that could have been sculpted by wind, water or both. Ashley Strickland, CNN, "Curiosity rover makes new discoveries on Mars," 6 Aug. 2019 The rock outcrop offers views of Lake Superior and the Apostle Islands in the distance on a clear day. Chelsey Lewis, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "When you visit Copper Falls, check out this hidden gem of a waterfall nearby," 15 Aug. 2019 Hatidze, a Turkish immigrant in her 60s living in Macedonia, climbs up a mountain in a mostly uninhabited part of the country to collect honey from beehives that naturally form within the rocky outcrops. David Sims, The Atlantic, "Honeyland Makes the Story of a Lonely Beekeeper Feel Epic," 25 July 2019 Set on a small coral outcrop that was once the site of a fisherman’s post, this jewel-like restaurant is surrounded by the warm waters of the Indian Ocean. Cnn.com Wire Service, The Mercury News, "The world’s best waterfront restaurants promise more than a view," 23 July 2019 Posbury has been occupied since the Iron Age, and centuries later, a quarry was opened to take advantage of a prized natural resource on the volcanic outcrop: hard basalt stone. Brigit Katz, Smithsonian, "Would You Like to Buy an Extinct Volcano?," 2 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Magnetic anomalies abounded in the ancient natural world, where a lightning strike on a rock outcropping was much more likely than today. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "The Fascinating History of Magnetism Goes Back Even Longer Than We Thought," 6 Aug. 2019 On the evening of January 28, 1918, fifteen unarmed men and boys were rounded up and roped together by Texas Rangers and local ranchers, then led to a rock outcropping in the desert and shot dead. Steve Anderson, The New York Review of Books, "Another Forgotten Atrocity," 6 June 2019 In Topanga State Park, hike up to Eagle Rock—a massive sandstone outcropping nearly 2,000 feet above sea level—for panoramic views. Rico Gagliano, WSJ, "3 Quick Escapes From Los Angeles," 1 Aug. 2018 But here Bidwell starts to feel wilder, as the Maidu and Middle and Upper Trails branch off into the foothills and toward the rock outcropping known as Monkey Face, and other trails dip into the dense riparian growth along Big Chico Creek. Peter Fish, San Francisco Chronicle, "Best secrets of small-town Chico’s big city park," 16 Mar. 2018 Shovels and Rope is a cool rockabilly outcropping of that movement. NOLA.com, "See the slew of excellent concerts coming up in New Orleans," 18 Jan. 2018 The petroglyphs were rediscovered after an 1881 wildfire devastated much of the region and burned off the vegetation that had covered the sandstone outcropping. Keith Matheny, Detroit Free Press, "Vandal defaces historic Sanilac Petroglyphs carved by Great Lakes native Americans," 8 Sep. 2017 The trail through the preserve ends at a huge granite outcropping with the must-see expansive view of the marshes of Selden Creek and the 600-acre Selden Neck State Park — the largest island along the 410-mile-long Connecticut River. Peter Marteka, courant.com, "Preserving Land And Trailblazing In Hadlyme," 2 Sep. 2017 Between 1916 and 1972 sculptors created three huge bas-relief images of Lee, Davis and Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson on the side of Stone Mountain, an 80-story-high rock outcropping in Atlanta’s eastern suburbs. Rick Hampson, USA TODAY, "America's 'Confederate infrastructure:' Too big to hide, move or raze," 17 Aug. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'outcrop.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of outcrop


1805, in the meaning defined at sense 1


circa 1847, in the meaning defined at sense 1

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Last Updated

15 Oct 2019

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Time Traveler for outcrop

The first known use of outcrop was in 1805

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Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with outcrop

Spanish Central: Translation of outcrop

Nglish: Translation of outcrop for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about outcrop

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