croup

noun (1)
\ ˈkrüp How to pronounce croup (audio) \

Definition of croup

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the rump of a quadruped

croup

noun (2)

Definition of croup (Entry 2 of 2)

: inflammation, edema, and subsequent obstruction of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi especially of infants and young children that is typically caused by a parainfluenza virus and is marked by episodes of difficult breathing and low-pitched cough resembling the bark of a seal

Other Words from croup

Noun (2)

croupy \ ˈkrü-​pē How to pronounce croup (audio) \ adjective

First Known Use of croup

Noun (1)

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Noun (2)

1765, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for croup

Noun (1)

Middle English croupe, croup, borrowed from Anglo-French croupe (also continental Old French), probably going back to an Old Low Franconian outcome of Germanic *kruppa- "something rounded, bulge" — more at crop entry 1

Note: This etymology is traditional, and phonetically impeccable, though "hindquarters of an animal" is not among the many meanings attested in Germanic for this etymon. Compare group entry 1. See also croupier, crupper.

Noun (2)

noun derivative of croup "to cry hoarsely, croak" (now English regional and Scots), probably of imitative origin

Note: Compare synonymous 16th-century crope, croape, and crow entry 2, croak entry 1.

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Time Traveler for croup

Time Traveler

The first known use of croup was in the 14th century

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Dictionary Entries Near croup

crouch ware

croup

croupade

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Cite this Entry

“Croup.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/croup. Accessed 29 Jun. 2022.

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More Definitions for croup

croup

noun
\ ˈkrüp How to pronounce croup (audio) \

Kids Definition of croup

: an illness that usually affects young children and causes a hoarse cough and difficult breathing

croup

noun
\ ˈkrüp How to pronounce croup (audio) \

Medical Definition of croup

: inflammation, edema, and subsequent obstruction of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi especially of infants and young children that is typically caused by a parainfluenza virus and is marked by episodes of difficult breathing and low-pitched cough resembling the bark of a seal

Other Words from croup

croupous \ ˈkrü-​pəs How to pronounce croup (audio) \ adjective
croupy \ -​pē How to pronounce croup (audio) \ adjective croupier; croupiest

More from Merriam-Webster on croup

Nglish: Translation of croup for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about croup

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