\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration also : an enlargement of the digestive tract of another animal (such as an insect)
2a(1) : a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence an apple crop a crop of wool
(2) : the total yearly production from a specified area
b : the product or yield of something formed together the ice crop
c : a batch or lot of something produced during a particular cycle the current crop of films
d : collection a crop of lies
3 : the stock or handle of a whip also : a riding whip with a short straight stock and a loop

4 [ 2crop ]

a : the part of the chine of a quadruped (such as a domestic cow) lying immediately behind the withers usually used in plural — see cow illustration
b : an earmark on an animal especially : one made by a straight cut squarely removing the upper part of the ear
c : a close cut of the hair He has a thick crop of hair.


cropped; cropping

Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to remove the upper or outer parts of crop a hedge crop a dog's ears
b : harvest crop trout
c : to cut off short : trim crop a photograph
2 : to cause (land) to bear a crop planned to crop another 40 acres also : to grow as a crop

intransitive verb

1 : to feed by cropping something
2 : to yield or make a crop
3 : to appear unexpectedly or casually Problems crop up daily.

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Synonyms for crop

Synonyms: Noun


Synonyms: Verb

cultivate, culture, dress, grow, promote, raise, rear, tend

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Examples of crop in a Sentence


Tobacco is their main crop. They sprayed the crops with a pesticide. The teachers got ready for a new crop of students. a new crop of horror movies


The picture was cropped badly. We had to crop the image to fit it into the frame. Her hair was cropped short.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The easiest crops for saving seed are annual plants that self-pollinate like lettuce, beans, peas, peppers, eggplants and tomatoes. oregonlive, "How to save seed from the garden for planting next year," 17 Sep. 2019 Garciá found that the local population didn’t take to the earlier varieties of peppers because the crop grew in unpredictable timetables, plus the taste was too spicy. Priya Krishna, Bon Appétit, "How Hatch Chile Season Became the Pumpkin Spice of the Southwest," 13 Sep. 2019 And the crop is drought resistant — making it well-suited for Texas’ climate. Diego Mendoza-moyers,, "Trade war weighs on Texas farmers as exports plummet," 13 Sep. 2019 The crop is grown in often remote and mostly poor areas by hundreds of thousands of small-scale farmers. Olivia Konotey-ahulu / Bloomberg, Time, "Cocoa Trees in West Africa Are Being Ravaged By a Disease With No Known Cure," 6 Sep. 2019 Its success rate is high, with 91% of the crop accurately classified, according to a study published in July. Nell Lewis, CNN, "Why robots will soon be picking soft fruits and salad," 4 Sep. 2019 In Massachusetts, the second-largest cranberry producer, behind Wisconsin, the crop is projected at 2.3 million barrels, up about 3 percent from last year., "Stories you may have missed from the world of business," 3 Sep. 2019 My opinion is that the estimates are very conservative and the potential is much higher, if the crop is maintained properly. Todd Woody, National Geographic, "Seaweed 'forests' can help fight climate change," 29 Aug. 2019 In the early 1990s, papaya ringspot virus emerged in Hawaii, the main source of the fruit in the U.S., and threatened to wipe out the entire crop. Steve Bender, Southern Living, "Yes, We’ll Have No Bananas," 20 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

The little boy has cropped up at ribbon cuttings, news conferences, and a closed-door meeting with the governor. Halley Bondy, NBC News, "In the know: Women in the news 9/9-9/13," 13 Sep. 2019 Others, though, have cropped up with nearly every expansion, from the race to one-day shipping to the acquisition of Whole Foods. Alex Shephard, The New Republic, "Amazon Is a Logistical Disaster," 11 Sep. 2019 Since Warby Parker shook up the eyeglasses industry back in 2010, numerous direct-to-consumer (DTC) companies have cropped up. Helen Carefoot, Washington Post, "Are subscriptions for razors, sponges and other home products worth it?," 29 Aug. 2019 About 200 free-standing emergency rooms have cropped up in Texas since the state started licensing them in 2009 as a means to lower hospital emergency room wait times and fill a need left by rural hospital closures. Dallas News, "Texas legislature's fix to surprise health care bills still leaves millions vulnerable," 19 Aug. 2019 Social media posts falsely reporting active shooters in Lansing also cropped up and spread to other cities in Michigan, including Detroit, Battle Creek, Kalamazoo and Grand Rapids. Ryan W. Miller, USA TODAY, "False alarms and hoax reports: Why Americans are on edge after string of mass shootings," 7 Aug. 2019 Problems have cropped up with the tanker’s remote refueling boom and its potential for damaging the stealth properties of the F-35 and F-22. Sig Christenson,, "KC-46 tanker has been ‘frustrating,’ acting Air Force secretary says," 3 Aug. 2019 Spotted yesterday at a lunch meeting, Gomez wore cropped black trousers by Vince and a short-sleeved top from Courrèges. Vogue, "Selena Gomez Just Found the Perfect Transitional Sandal—And They’re Under $100 Dollars," 13 Sep. 2019 This is a finding that crops up time and time again within evolutionary psychology. Belinda Luscombe, Time, "Here's What Young People All Over the World Say They Want Most in a Partner," 13 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'crop.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of crop


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for crop

Noun and Verb

Middle English, craw, head of a plant, yield of a field, from Old English cropp craw, head of a plant; akin to Old High German kropf goiter, craw

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Learn More about crop

Dictionary Entries near crop






crop circle

crop duster

Statistics for crop

Last Updated

19 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for crop

The first known use of crop was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for crop



English Language Learners Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plant or plant product that is grown by farmers
: the amount of a crop that is gathered at one time or in one season
: a group of people who begin to do something at the same time



English Language Learners Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off the upper or outer parts of (something)
: to cut off part of (a picture or photograph)
: to cut (someone's hair) short


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Kids Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a plant or plant product that is grown and harvested Corn is their main crop.
2 : the amount gathered or harvested : harvest a crop of wheat
3 : a short riding whip
4 : an enlargement just above the stomach of a bird or insect in which food is temporarily stored
5 : batch sense 2, lot There is a new crop of movies out.
6 : a close cut of the hair


cropped; cropping

Kids Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to remove (as by cutting or biting) the upper or outer parts of : trim
2 : to grow or yield a crop (as of grain) : cause (land) to bear a crop
crop up
: to come or appear when not expected Problems crop up daily.


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Medical Definition of crop

: a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration

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More from Merriam-Webster on crop

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with crop

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for crop

Spanish Central: Translation of crop

Nglish: Translation of crop for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of crop for Arabic Speakers

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