\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration also : an enlargement of the digestive tract of another animal (such as an insect)
2a(1) : a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence an apple crop a crop of wool
(2) : the total yearly production from a specified area
b : the product or yield of something formed together the ice crop
c : a batch or lot of something produced during a particular cycle the current crop of films
d : collection a crop of lies
3 : the stock or handle of a whip also : a riding whip with a short straight stock and a loop
4 [crop entry 2]
a : the part of the chine of a quadruped (such as a domestic cow) lying immediately behind the withers usually used in plural — see cow illustration
b : an earmark on an animal especially : one made by a straight cut squarely removing the upper part of the ear
c : a close cut of the hair He has a thick crop of hair.


cropped; cropping

Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to remove the upper or outer parts of crop a hedge crop a dog's ears
b : harvest crop trout
c : to cut off short : trim crop a photograph
2 : to cause (land) to bear a crop planned to crop another 40 acres also : to grow as a crop

intransitive verb

1 : to feed by cropping something
2 : to yield or make a crop
3 : to appear unexpectedly or casually Problems crop up daily.

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Synonyms for crop

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of crop in a Sentence

Noun Tobacco is their main crop. They sprayed the crops with a pesticide. The teachers got ready for a new crop of students. a new crop of horror movies Verb The picture was cropped badly. We had to crop the image to fit it into the frame. Her hair was cropped short.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The greater risk, however, is replanting the same crop in the same place/soil year after year. oregonlive, "What’s eating these garlic plants? Ask an expert," 9 Jan. 2021 Jockey Mike Smith, who was doing nothing more than a hand-ride, shook the reins and showed the riding crop, to get Life Is Good’s mind back on finishing the race. John Cherwa, Los Angeles Times, "Horse racing newsletter: Life Is Good wins in perplexing style," 3 Jan. 2021 The parish still accounts for more than two-thirds of Louisiana’s annual citrus crop valued at about $9.6 million, officials say. Halle Parker | Staff Writer,, "Louisiana's citrus hub has struggled with hurricanes, erosion, aging farmers. What's next?," 1 Jan. 2021 One lifelong rancher who had a smaller-than-usual hay crop was Bill Trampe, who has worked on water issues for years as a board member of the Colorado River District. Ian James,, "Climate's toll on the Colorado River: 'We can weather maybe a couple of years'," 1 Jan. 2021 Key buyers Indonesia and China are ramping up imports of sugar at a time when the market also is contending with a lower crop outlook in Thailand and dry weather concerns in top shipper Brazil., "Hotel chain grows by more than 900 properties," 31 Dec. 2020 Now, the avocado crop directly provides about 78,000 jobs and another 310,000 indirect jobs. Dallas News, "In good times, guacamole! In troubled times, more guac!," 29 Dec. 2020 There were 23,523 people employed for crop and animal production in New York in 2018, according to the state Labor Department. Jimmy Vielkind, WSJ, "New York Farmers Await State Decision on Overtime," 28 Dec. 2020 The minister of education, Darem Tabbaa, appeared in a video this month in a field holding a large bouquet of wheat, urging students to plant the crop. Washington Post, "Syria’s bread lines are so long that children have to skip school to wait in them," 26 Dec. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Both vaccines remain experimental, and the government is closely monitoring safety in case rare problems crop up. Dallas News, "U.S. clears Moderna vaccine for COVID-19, adding 2nd shot to nation’s arsenal," 19 Dec. 2020 Both vaccines remain experimental, and the government is closely monitoring safety in case rare problems crop up. Lauran Neergaard And Matthew Perrone,, "FDA authorizes 2nd COVID-19 vaccine, adding Moderna shots to fight against worsening pandemic," 18 Dec. 2020 Supply and production disruptions due the pandemic are likely to continue to crop up until at least the middle of next year, Thai-Tang said. Keith Naughton,, "Ford Says Bronco Delay Caused by Virus-Hampered Part Supplier," 7 Dec. 2020 All of this is well worth the slightly awkward details that crop up from time to time, such as the discovery of several mostly empty bottles of booze in the storage closet in the gym. Kyle Smith, National Review, "Wonder Drug Cures All Problems," 3 Dec. 2020 If no safety issues crop up, things proceed to Phase 3. Los Angeles Times, "The FDA didn’t ‘approve’ Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine. Here’s why," 12 Dec. 2020 With Ahsoka's debut, and now Boba Fett, the notion of seeing such figures crop up elsewhere -- including live-action TV and even movies -- seems especially ripe with possibilities, with wide gaps that could be filled in those timelines. Brian Lowry, CNN, "'The Mandalorian' keeps making major links to the past 'Star Wars' galaxy," 4 Dec. 2020 That gradual worsening is one reason why additional problems can crop up. Alice Oglethorpe, Good Housekeeping, "If A Loved One Has COPD, Keep An Eye Out For These Other Health Issues," 18 Nov. 2020 Drug makers must also track half their participants for side effects for at least two months, the time period when problems typically crop up. Dave Altimari,, "Drug maker Pfizer says its COVID-19 vaccine is 90 percent effective. Pfizer employees in Groton have been working on the project.," 9 Nov. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'crop.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of crop


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for crop

Noun and Verb

Middle English, craw, head of a plant, yield of a field, from Old English cropp craw, head of a plant; akin to Old High German kropf goiter, craw

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Time Traveler for crop

Time Traveler

The first known use of crop was before the 12th century

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Statistics for crop

Last Updated

16 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Crop.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 16 Jan. 2021.

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More Definitions for crop


How to pronounce crop (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plant or plant product that is grown by farmers
: the amount of a crop that is gathered at one time or in one season
: a group of people who begin to do something at the same time



English Language Learners Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off the upper or outer parts of (something)
: to cut off part of (a picture or photograph)
: to cut (someone's hair) short


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Kids Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a plant or plant product that is grown and harvested Corn is their main crop.
2 : the amount gathered or harvested : harvest a crop of wheat
3 : a short riding whip
4 : an enlargement just above the stomach of a bird or insect in which food is temporarily stored
5 : batch sense 2, lot There is a new crop of movies out.
6 : a close cut of the hair


cropped; cropping

Kids Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to remove (as by cutting or biting) the upper or outer parts of : trim
2 : to grow or yield a crop (as of grain) : cause (land) to bear a crop
crop up
: to come or appear when not expected Problems crop up daily.


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Medical Definition of crop

: a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration

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