\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a pouched enlargement of the esophagus of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration also : an enlargement of the digestive tract of another animal (such as an insect)
2a(1) : a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence an apple crop a crop of wool
(2) : the total yearly production from a specified area
b : the product or yield of something formed together the ice crop
c : a batch or lot of something produced during a particular cycle the current crop of films
d : collection a crop of lies
3 : the stock or handle of a whip also : a riding whip with a short straight stock and a loop
4 [crop entry 2]
a : the part of the chine of a quadruped (such as a domestic cow) lying immediately behind the withers usually used in plural — see cow illustration
b : an earmark on an animal especially : one made by a straight cut squarely removing the upper part of the ear
c : a close cut of the hair He has a thick crop of hair.


cropped; cropping

Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to remove the upper or outer parts of crop a hedge crop a dog's ears
b : harvest crop trout
c : to cut off short : trim crop a photograph
2 : to cause (land) to bear a crop planned to crop another 40 acres also : to grow as a crop

intransitive verb

1 : to feed by cropping something
2 : to yield or make a crop
3 : to appear unexpectedly or casually Problems crop up daily.

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Synonyms for crop

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of crop in a Sentence

Noun Tobacco is their main crop. They sprayed the crops with a pesticide. The teachers got ready for a new crop of students. a new crop of horror movies Verb The picture was cropped badly. We had to crop the image to fit it into the frame. Her hair was cropped short.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Two cold spells with warm weather in between harmed sugar beet crops in northern and southeastern Wyoming. USA TODAY, "White Sands dust-up, distracted-driving cams, hog rules: News from around our 50 states," 10 Dec. 2019 However, using the remaining liquid from this process to fertilize crops or gardens is, at the very least, nauseating. Dp Opinion, The Denver Post, "Letters: Preserve the Constitution; Crime against the climate; Not for human consumption; No walk in the park for storm-weary pedestrians (12/6/19)," 6 Dec. 2019 Last year Congress legalized hemp as a crop and directed the US Agriculture Department to start regulating hemp production., "Hemp industry is cleared to do business with banks - The Boston Globe," 4 Dec. 2019 The cutoff date is set to mitigate dicamba drift, which can damage other crops and vegetation in the area. Forum News Service, Twin Cities, "Minnesota sets cutoff date for dicamba herbicide products," 27 Nov. 2019 The department reported crop and agricultural infrastructure losses exceeding $2 billion. Jason Duaine Hahn,, "‘Come Visit Us, Help Us’: Why Tourists Are Vital to Puerto Rico’s Recovery After Hurricane Maria," 27 Nov. 2019 As well as creating dust and sulfur dioxide, which can cause respiratory diseases and put stress on local crops and wildlife, one study estimated that India's brick kilns burn 15 - 20 million tons of coal each year. Anna Fletcher, CNN, "Indian student creates a brick made from recycled plastic," 25 Nov. 2019 Across Kentucky and Indiana, there are more than a dozen Christmas tree farms that sell the crop and had to face the difficult weather. Ben Tobin, The Courier-Journal, "'I've lost half of them': How Kentucky's drought has impacted Christmas tree growth," 25 Nov. 2019 There are no plans to grow the crop in these countries, but approval will prevent problems if golden rice somehow accidentally turns up in food supplies. Erik Stokstad, Science | AAAS, "Bangladesh could be the first to cultivate golden rice, genetically altered to fight blindness," 20 Nov. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Ask Ari is making its debut at USC this semester to give students easy access to advice on dealing with loneliness, getting better sleep or handling other complications that crop up in college life. Tom Murphy, The Denver Post, "Paging Dr. Robot: Artificial intelligence moves into health care," 24 Nov. 2019 With Brees back under center, the biggest hurdle between Thomas and the high-level of consistency necessary to break Harrison’s mark, barring injury, is unpredictable weather that can crop up late in November and December. Nathan Brown, Indianapolis Star, "Tony Dungy breaks down Michael Thomas' threat to Marvin Harrison's reception record," 22 Nov. 2019 But in conversation with them, there are phrases that crop up like punctuation. Mattie Kahn, Glamour, "Four Seasoned Journalists Will Moderate Tonight’s Presidential Debate—They Happen to Be Women," 20 Nov. 2019 But the Contra Costa County Fire Protection District pegged the utility’s equipment as the cause of three smaller fires that cropped up Oct. 27 in the San Francisco Bay Area suburbs of Martinez and Lafayette., "Crews make progress on large Southern California wildfire - The Boston Globe," 3 Nov. 2019 That’s exactly what Duhaime-Ross promises to do on Reset, with episodes devoted to topics like the ethics of DIY biohacking and the biases that crop up when artificial intelligence scores student essays. Sarah Todd, Quartz at Work, "To find your dream career, try studying salamanders in isolation," 15 Oct. 2019 Southwest Airlines has evacuated a flight over a hydraulic issue that cropped up after landing at Chicago’s Midway International Airport. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Hydraulic issue leads Southwest to evacuate plane in Chicago," 14 Oct. 2019 In piranhas, the teeth act like saw blades and in pacus, the teeth are more like clasps that can crop vegetation. Ashley Strickland, CNN, "Piranha swap out their old teeth with new set waiting in a 'crypt'," 11 Oct. 2019 That entire system of chaos exists because CBP is breaking the law and rejecting people at ports and also refusing to take responsibility for the systems that crop up. Los Angeles Times, "Mexican asylum seekers at multiple border crossings grow frustrated with waiting," 30 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'crop.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of crop


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for crop

Noun and Verb

Middle English, craw, head of a plant, yield of a field, from Old English cropp craw, head of a plant; akin to Old High German kropf goiter, craw

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Time Traveler for crop

Time Traveler

The first known use of crop was before the 12th century

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Statistics for crop

Last Updated

14 Dec 2019

Cite this Entry

“Crop.” The Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., Accessed 14 December 2019.

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More Definitions for crop


How to pronounce crop (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a plant or plant product that is grown by farmers
: the amount of a crop that is gathered at one time or in one season
: a group of people who begin to do something at the same time



English Language Learners Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

: to cut off the upper or outer parts of (something)
: to cut off part of (a picture or photograph)
: to cut (someone's hair) short


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Kids Definition of crop

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a plant or plant product that is grown and harvested Corn is their main crop.
2 : the amount gathered or harvested : harvest a crop of wheat
3 : a short riding whip
4 : an enlargement just above the stomach of a bird or insect in which food is temporarily stored
5 : batch sense 2, lot There is a new crop of movies out.
6 : a close cut of the hair


cropped; cropping

Kids Definition of crop (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to remove (as by cutting or biting) the upper or outer parts of : trim
2 : to grow or yield a crop (as of grain) : cause (land) to bear a crop
crop up
: to come or appear when not expected Problems crop up daily.


\ ˈkräp How to pronounce crop (audio) \

Medical Definition of crop

: a pouched enlargement of the gullet of many birds that serves as a receptacle for food and for its preliminary maceration

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More from Merriam-Webster on crop

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for crop

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with crop

Spanish Central: Translation of crop

Nglish: Translation of crop for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of crop for Arabic Speakers

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