cram

verb
\ ˈkram How to pronounce cram (audio) \
crammed; cramming

Definition of cram

 (Entry 1 of 4)

transitive verb

1 : to pack tight : jam cram a suitcase with clothes a novel crammed with surprises
2a : to fill with food to satiety : stuff
b : to eat voraciously : bolt the child crams her food
3 : to thrust in or as if in a rough or forceful manner crammed the letters into his pocket
4 : to prepare hastily for an examination cram the students for the test

intransitive verb

1 : to eat greedily or to satiety : stuff
2 : to study a subject intensively especially for an imminent examination

cram

noun

Definition of cram (Entry 2 of 4)

1 : a compressed multitude or crowd : crush
2 : last-minute study especially for an examination

Cram

biographical name (1)
\ ˈkram How to pronounce Cram (audio) \

Definition of Cram (Entry 3 of 4)

Donald James 1919–2001 American chemist

Cram

biographical name (2)

Definition of Cram (Entry 4 of 4)

Ralph Adams 1863–1942 American architect and author

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Other Words from cram

Verb

crammer noun

Synonyms for cram

Synonyms: Verb

crowd, crush, jam, ram, sandwich, shoehorn, squeeze, stuff, wedge

Synonyms: Noun

army, bike [chiefly Scottish], crowd, crush, drove, flock, herd, horde, host, legion, mass, mob, multitude, press, rout, scrum, swarm, throng

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Examples of cram in a Sentence

Verb

He crammed the suitcase with his clothes. Before the trip I crammed my head with information about Spain.

Noun

battling the rush-hour cram in the subway
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Some push the approach to 23:1, cramming all their eating into one hour of a 24-hour day. Mark Barna, Discover Magazine, "Not So Fast," 24 Sep. 2018 Hundreds of candidates from dozens of parties crammed into an indoor stadium to officially enter the race and draw lots for the numbers that will go alongside their names on the ballot papers for the March 24 election. Jerry Harmer, The Seattle Times, "Candidates register for 1st Thai general election since coup," 4 Feb. 2019 Hundreds of humans can sit quietly for hours crammed into tiny uncomfortable seats. John Hawks, WSJ, "‘The Goodness Paradox’ Review: The Benefits of Good Breeding," 25 Jan. 2019 The engines are similarly huge, running 11 feet in diameter, with 16 fan blades crammed into a 14-foot engine capsule. Sam Blum, Popular Mechanics, "GE's Enormous New Jet Engines Sound Fiercely Loud in Runway Test," 17 Jan. 2019 Fans of the genre will know that Valentine’s Day wasn’t the last in a line of rom-coms that are not so much star-studded and star-crammed. Chloe Angyal, Marie Claire, "The Only Thing Worse Than Valentine's Day Is Valentine's Day," 14 Feb. 2019 The overall effect gives the Terrain an open and uncluttered feel, which is a welcome change of pace from manufacturers that cram buttons into every last nook and cranny. Eric Bangeman, Ars Technica, "Review: GMC Terrain gives you the ride you want—at a price," 23 Dec. 2018 The theater, which had no more than 100 seats, was housed in a basement on a lane in central Moscow, where audiences crammed in to experience raw performances and often engaged in discussion sessions afterward. Sophia Kishkovsky, New York Times, "Moscow Theater Rebels, Husband and Wife, Are Dead," 8 June 2018 Making It Fit Short hoods are still an issue, but Mercedes has a few tricks to shorten the M256 enough to cram it inside today's snub-nosed cars. Matthew Jancer, Popular Mechanics, "Straight From the Grave: An Iconic Engine Design Makes a Comeback," 21 Aug. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

More than seven million commuters a day cram onto the city’s existing creaky suburban railway network. Corinne Abrams, WSJ, "‘You Have to Actually Cut Open Mumbai’s Belly’—Inside One of the World’s Most Audacious Transit Projects," 6 Jan. 2019 Henna tattoo designs for brides, village cooking, spiritual gurus and Indian engineering-school entrance-exam cram courses are new genres that are thriving. Eric Bellman, WSJ, "Indians Are Binge-Watching Mobile Videos, Pushing YouTube, Others to Innovate," 21 Jan. 2019 The process might seem like a no-brainer — pack, transport, cram — but insiders say otherwise. Griffin Jackson, chicagotribune.com, "Self-storage is booming in big cities. 8 tips for doing it right.," 13 Sep. 2017 Gesicki and Smythe need the nightly cram sessions to digest Miami’s playbook. Omar Kelly, Sun-Sentinel.com, "Dolphins rookie tight ends Mike Gesicki, Durham Smythe cramming to play catch up," 11 June 2018 Those cram sessions are coming in the next few days for Nance, Clarkson, Osman and Zizic. Chris Fedor, cleveland.com, "How Larry Nance Jr. and Jordan Clarkson are approaching their first postseason appearance," 12 Apr. 2018 Maroth, 40, looks back on his 9-21 record 15 years ago — no one has lost 20 or more games since — as a cram session of life lessons. Stephen Ruiz, OrlandoSentinel.com, "Fire Frogs coach Mike Maroth embraces lessons from long-lost season with Detroit Tigers," 6 Apr. 2018 And it is backed to these mind-numbing continuing resolutions, omnibus nightmares, and shutdown threats, and the result is usually a last-minute budget-busting cram down. Fox News, "Ingraham: Washington's real March Madness," 21 Mar. 2018 During the interim, these young adults, known as ronin, will likely study at a cram school. Annabelle Timsit, The Atlantic, "Overhauling Japan's High-Stakes University-Admission System," 13 Jan. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cram.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cram

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

1810, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for cram

Verb

Middle English crammen, from Old English crammian; akin to Old Norse kremja to squeeze

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Learn More about cram

Dictionary Entries near cram

crake

crakeberry

crakow

cram

Cram

cramasie

Crambe

Statistics for cram

Last Updated

18 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for cram

The first known use of cram was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for cram

cram

verb

English Language Learners Definition of cram

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to fill (something) so that there is no room for anything else : to fill (something) completely
: to push or force (someone or something) into a space that is tight or crowded
: to push or force yourself into a space that is tight or crowded

cram

noun

English Language Learners Definition of cram (Entry 2 of 2)

US : a quick period of study in order to learn a lot of information quickly for a test, exam, etc.

cram

verb
\ ˈkram How to pronounce cram (audio) \
crammed; cramming

Kids Definition of cram

1 : to stuff or pack tightly … oh, the joy of being able to cram large pieces of something sweet … into one's mouth!— Roald Dahl, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
2 : to fill full I crammed my suitcase with clothes.
3 : to study hard just before a test

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More from Merriam-Webster on cram

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cram

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for cram

Spanish Central: Translation of cram

Nglish: Translation of cram for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cram for Arabic Speakers

Comments on cram

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