commit

verb com·mit \ kə-ˈmit \
Updated on: 1 Dec 2017

Definition of commit

committed; committing
transitive verb
1 : to carry into action deliberately : perpetrate
  • commit a crime
  • commit a sin
2 a : obligate, bind
  • a contract committing the company to complete the project on time
  • in a committed relationship
b : to pledge or assign to some particular course or use
  • commit all troops to the attack
c : to reveal the views of
  • refused to commit himself on the issue
3 a : to put into charge or trust : entrust
  • commit all executive, legislative, and judicial powers to one man …
  • —Arthur T. Vanderbilt
b : to place in a prison or mental institution
  • The patient was committed by the court to a mental hospital.
  • He was committed to the state penitentiary for 10 years
c : to consign or record for preservation
  • commit it to memory
d : to put into a place for disposal or safekeeping
  • The chaplain committed the sailor's body to the deep.
e : to refer (something, such as a legislative bill) to a committee for consideration and report
intransitive verb
1 : to obligate or pledge oneself
2 obsolete : to perpetrate an offense

committable

play \kə-ˈmi-tə-bəl\ adjective

Examples of commit in a Sentence

  1. The massacre was committed by the rebel army.

  2. The contract commits the company to finishing the bridge by next fall.

  3. He keeps delaying his decision because he doesn't want to commit himself.

  4. They have not yet committed to a particular course of action.

Recent Examples of commit from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'commit.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of commit

Middle English committen "to give in trust (to), delegate authority (to), engage in," borrowed from Anglo-French committer, commettre, going back to Latin committere "to join together, engage, place in the keeping of, entrust, bring about, carry out (a crime)," from com- com- + mittere "to release, let go, send (for a purpose)" — more at admit

Synonym Discussion of commit

commit, entrust, confide, consign, relegate mean to assign to a person or place for a definite purpose. commit may express the general idea of delivering into another's charge or the special sense of transferring to a superior power or to a special place of custody.
    • committed the felon to prison
entrust implies committing with trust and confidence.
    • the president is entrusted with broad powers
confide implies entrusting with great assurance or reliance.
    • confided complete control of my affairs to my attorney
consign suggests removing from one's control with formality or finality.
    • consigned the damaging notes to the fire
relegate implies a consigning to a particular class or sphere often with a suggestion of getting rid of.
    • relegated to an obscure position in the company


COMMIT Defined for English Language Learners

commit

verb

Definition of commit for English Language Learners

  • : to do (something that is illegal or harmful)

  • : to decide to use (a person, money, etc.) for some particular purpose or use

  • : to say that (someone or something) will definitely do something : to make (someone or something) obligated to do something


COMMIT Defined for Kids

commit

verb com·mit \ kə-ˈmit \

Definition of commit for Students

committed; committing
1 : to bring about : perform
  • commit a crime
2 : to make secure or put in safekeeping : entrust
  • “… I must commit a friend's life to your discretion.”
  • —Robert Louis Stevenson, Kidnapped
3 : to place in or send to a prison or mental hospital
4 : to pledge to do some particular thing
  • When asked if he would volunteer, he wouldn't commit himself.

commitment

\-mənt\ noun

Medical Dictionary

commit

transitive verb com·mit \ kə-ˈmit \

medical Definition of commit

committed; committing
: to place in a prison or mental institution
  • a patient committed by the court to a state hospital

committable

play \-ˈmit-ə-bəl\ adjective

Law Dictionary

commit

verb com·mit

legal Definition of commit

committed; committing
transitive verb
1 a : to put into another's charge or trust : entrust, consign
  • committed her children to her sister's care
b : to place in a prison or mental hospital especially by judicial order
  • was found to be gravely disabled and was involuntarily committed to the Central Louisiana State Hospital
  • In the Matter of K.G., 531 So. 2d 575 (1988)
— compare institutionalize, interdict
c : to send (as a legislative bill) to a committee for consideration and report
  • commit the crime bill to the joint committee
2 : to carry into action deliberately : perpetrate
  • to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas
  • U.S. Constitution art. I
3 : obligate, bind
intransitive verb
: to obligate or bind oneself
  • would not commit to the irrevocable order


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