col·​lab·​o·​rate kə-ˈla-bə-ˌrāt How to pronounce collaborate (audio)
collaborated; collaborating

intransitive verb

: to work jointly with others or together especially in an intellectual endeavor
An international team of scientists collaborated on the study.
: to cooperate with or willingly assist an enemy of one's country and especially an occupying force
suspected of collaborating with the enemy
: to cooperate with an agency or instrumentality with which one is not immediately connected
The two schools collaborate on library services.
collaboration noun
-b(ə-)rə- How to pronounce collaborate (audio)
adjective or noun
collaboratively adverb

Did you know?

The Latin prefix com-, meaning "with, together, or jointly," is a bit of a chameleon—it has a tricky habit of changing its appearance depending on what it's next to. If the word it precedes begins with l, com- becomes col- (as in colleague, collect, and collide). In the case of collaborate, com- teamed up with laborare ("to labor") to form Late Latin collaborare ("to labor together").

Example Sentences

The two companies agreed to collaborate. He was suspected of collaborating with the occupying army.
Recent Examples on the Web Artists collaborated and threw events together while getting recognition and grants from the city. Max Bell, SPIN, 30 May 2023 Nvidia will also collaborate with MediaTek, a Taiwanese semiconductors company, on new A.I. products including entertainment systems and vehicle displays in the automotive industry. Prarthana Prakash, Fortune, 30 May 2023 In June, the two organizations are collaborating for an event called One More Time Around where participants can walk laps on the Cudahy High School track. Journal Sentinel, 29 May 2023 The company is collaborating on research that may lead to ammonia- or hydrogen-powered vessels by the mid-2030s. John Flesher, Anchorage Daily News, 28 May 2023 Hundreds of villagers collaborate in different ways. MarÍa Verza,, 27 May 2023 Doucette is Matchbox Twenty’s other primary songwriter, often collaborating with Thomas. Ed Masley, The Arizona Republic, 26 May 2023 The artist duo have been collaborating on music together and dating on and off since the release of their album, Twenty88, in 2016. Iman Milner, Peoplemag, 26 May 2023 Since 2013, Tubert has worked for the Disneyland Resort, today leading or collaborating on much of the live entertainment found in its two theme parks. Todd Martens, Los Angeles Times, 25 May 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'collaborate.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


Late Latin collaboratus, past participle of collaborare to labor together, from Latin com- + laborare to labor — more at labor

First Known Use

1871, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of collaborate was in 1871


Dictionary Entries Near collaborate

Cite this Entry

“Collaborate.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 6 Jun. 2023.

Kids Definition


col·​lab·​o·​rate kə-ˈlab-ə-ˌrāt How to pronounce collaborate (audio)
collaborated; collaborating
: to work with others (as in writing a book)
: to cooperate with an enemy force that has taken over one's country
collaboration noun
collaborator noun

Legal Definition


intransitive verb
col·​lab·​o·​rate kə-ˈla-bə-ˌrāt How to pronounce collaborate (audio)
collaborated; collaborating
: to work jointly with others in some endeavor

More from Merriam-Webster on collaborate

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!