Definition of average
1a : a single value (such as a mean, mode, or median) that summarizes or represents the general significance of a set of unequal valuesb : mean 1b
2a : an estimation of or approximation to an arithmetic meanb : a level (as of intelligence) typical of a group, class, or series above the average
3 : a ratio expressing the average performance especially of an athletic team or an athlete computed according to the number of opportunities for successful performance a batting average
on average
oron the average
: taking the typical example of the group under consideration Prices have increased on average by five percent. [=the average increase has been five percent]
Examples of average in a sentence
The average of 16, 8, and 6 is 10.
Take all these temperatures and find their average.
An average of 2,000 people attended the show each night.
Prices have increased on average about eight percent.
On average, women live longer than men.
His work has been above the average.
Did You Know?
The word average came into English from Middle French avarie, a derivative of an Arabic word meaning “damaged merchandise.” Avarie originally meant damage sustained by a ship or its cargo, but came to mean the expenses of such damage. When the English borrowed the word, they altered it to conform to the pattern of words ending in age. When a ship or its cargo was damaged at sea, the owners or insurers shared the expense, or average. An averageadjuster determined a division of costs among them. An average then became any equal distribution or division, like the determination of an arithmetic mean. Soon the arithmetic mean itself was called an average. Now the word may be applied to any mean or middle value or level.
Origin and Etymology of average
from earlier average proportionally distributed charge for damage at sea, modification of Medieval French avarie damage to ship or cargo, from Old Italian avaria, from Arabic ʽawārīya damaged merchandise
First Known Use: 1770
Synonym Discussion of average
Other Mathematics and Statistics Terms
average
Definition of average
1 : equaling an arithmetic mean
2a : being about midway between extremes a man of average heightb : not out of the ordinary : common on an average day the average person
averagely
adverbaverageness
nounExamples of average in a sentence
Take all these temperatures and find their average temperature.
The investment had a higher average return.
The average age of the company's employees is 36.
The average woman lives longer than the average man.
Do you know what the average person earns?
the average American family buyer
Sales were about average for the industry on the whole.
Average grades are not good enough to get you into graduate school.
She was an average student.
She thought the performance was just average.
Origin and Etymology of average
see ^{1}average
First Known Use: 1746
Other Mathematics and Statistics Terms
average
Definition of average
averaged
;averaging
intransitive verb
1a : to be or come to an average The gain averaged out to 20 percent.b : to have a medial value of a color averaging a pale purple
2 : to buy on a falling market or sell on a rising market additional shares or commodities so as to obtain a more favorable average price —usually used with down or up
transitive verb
1 : to do, get, or have on the average or as an average sum or quantity averages 12 hours of work a day
2 : to find the arithmetic mean of (a series of unequal quantities)
3a : to bring toward the averageb : to divide among a number according to a size, number, or amount that is directly related to or appropriate for something average a loss
Examples of average in a sentence
The teacher averaged the students' grades.
What figure do you get when you average the amount of rainfall for the last three months?
Origin and Etymology of average
see ^{1}average
First Known Use: 1769
AVERAGE Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of average for English Language Learners

: a number that is calculated by adding quantities together and then dividing the total by the number of quantities

: a level that is typical of a group, class, or series : a middle point between extremes
average
Definition of average for English Language Learners

: calculated by adding quantities together and then dividing by the number of quantities

: ordinary or usual

: not unusually large or small
average
Definition of average for English Language Learners

: to have (a specified number) as an average

: to calculate the average of (something)
AVERAGE Defined for Kids
Definition of average for Students
1 : a number that is calculated by adding quantities together and dividing the total by the number of quantities : arithmetic mean An average of 20 students are in each class.
2 : something usual in a group, class, or series His grades have been better than average.
Definition of average for Students
1 : equaling or coming close to an average The average age of students in my class is eleven.
2 : being ordinary or usual the average person
Definition of average for Students
averaged
;averaging
1 : to amount to usually We averaged ten miles a day.
2 : to find the average of Our teacher averaged our test scores.
Learn More about average

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for average Spanish Central: Translation of average Nglish: Translation of average for Spanish speakers Britannica English: Translation of average for Arabic speakers Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about average
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