aggregate

1 of 3

adjective

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount : collective: such as
a(1)
: clustered in a dense mass or head
an aggregate flower
(2)
: formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower
aggregate fruit
b
: composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments
c
: taking all units as a whole
aggregate sales
aggregately adverb
aggregateness noun

aggregate

2 of 3

verb

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating

transitive verb

1
: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
The census data were aggregated by gender.
2
: to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total
audiences aggregating several million people

aggregate

3 of 3

noun

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another
Froth is an aggregate of tiny bubbles.
2
: the whole sum or amount : sum total
spent an aggregate of 10 million dollars in advertising during the past three years
3
a
: a rock composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments : an aggregate rock
b
: any of several hard inert materials (such as sand, gravel, or slag) used for mixing with a cementing material to form concrete, mortar, or plaster
c
: a clustered mass of individual soil particles varied in shape, ranging in size from a microscopic granule to a small crumb, and considered the basic structural unit of soil
4
5
Phrases
in the aggregate
: considered as a whole : collectively
Dividends for the year amounted in the aggregate to 25 million dollars.

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Did you know?

We added aggregate to our flock of Latin borrowings in the 15th century. It descends from aggregāre ("to cause to flock together" or "to join together"), a Latin verb made up of the prefix ad- (which means "to," and which usually changes to ag- before a g) and greg- or grex (meaning "flock, herd, or group"). Greg- also gave us congregate, gregarious, and segregate. Aggregate is commonly employed in the phrase "in the aggregate," which means "considered as a whole." Aggregate also has some specialized senses. For example, it is used to describe a mass of minerals formed into a rock, and materials like sand or gravel that are used to form concrete, mortar, or plaster.

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Example Sentences

Adjective There were to be thirty-seven playgrounds, twenty schools. There were to be a hundred and thirty-three miles of street, paved with an inch and a half of No. 2 macadam on an aggregate base. Joan Didion, New Yorker, 26 July 1993 Their success at opening up new sources of supply, generating and servicing demand, and connecting new markets with the processing industries of the Amsterdam entrepôt seemed … to belie the axiom of an inelastic aggregate volume of world trade—a zero-sum competition. Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988 The mulberry looks a bit like a raspberry. But the raspberry (along with the other brambles, members of the genus Rubus, such as the blackberry) is an aggregate fruit generated by a single, if complex, flower. Raymond Sokolov, Natural History, October 1986 With Keynes, standard theory conceded that disequilibria might intrude upon the economy as a whole, but it held that these could be remedied by judicious stabilization of aggregate demand—that is, combined government and consumer purchasing power. Robert Kuttner, Atlantic, February 1985 The university receives more than half its aggregate income from government sources. The team with the highest aggregate score wins. Verb The problem, in this case, is that the synergy creates incentives for segregation. Ethnic advertisers scour the TV schedule for shows and channels that "aggregate" viewers of the type the client wants to reach … Tamar Jacoby, New Republic, 24 Jan. 2000 "We are good at aggregating eyeballs and delivering services," says Barry Schuler, the president of AOL Interactive Services, "and the Time Warner deal is a natural extension of that." Barry Schuler, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2000 Pollsters, for the most part, know perfectly well what they are doing. One thing they are doing is aggregating and averaging ephemeral spasms of "mood" that may have commercial or political value. Christopher Hitchens, Harper's, April 1992 … covered only if each of the corporations involved has capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating more than $10 million … Joe Sims et al., National Law Journal, 28 Jan. 1991 The website aggregates content from many other sites. over time, her petty thefts aggregated a significant shortfall in the company's books Noun In particular, a core of popular politically minded blogs known in the aggregate as the Blogosphere has been a beehive of furious activity. Or should I say a wasp's nest? Steven Levy, Newsweek, 4 Oct. 2004 It's true that our lives are the aggregate of a lot of little things, that's precisely why, at least once a year, we need to ride the wave of something bigger and bolder than our own little humdrum existence. Will Manley, Booklist, 1 Sept. 2002 Smallness of enterprises, as in the Japanese bicycle-manufacturing development, is an asset because smallness cuts down administrative and other overhead costs both in individual enterprises and in the aggregate, in comparison with the overhead costs of large operations. Jane Jacobs, Cities and the Wealth of Nations, (1984) 1985 numerous episodes of pilferage, taken in the aggregate, can really add up to a significant sum See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Adjective
The aggregate effect of these forces has historically been to slow the rate at which the planet spins. Nate Hopper, The New Yorker, 30 Sep. 2022 Our community colleges are also facing arbitrary spending limits on their ability to use funds already available, similar to the aggregate expenditure limit crisis our public K-12 system is experiencing. Alison Steinbach, The Arizona Republic, 30 Sep. 2022 The experiment also will likely lead to a report with the Fed publishing aggregate results. Andrew Ackerman, WSJ, 29 Sep. 2022 The Fed plans to publish aggregate findings from the exercise but no firm-specific information. Reuters, NBC News, 29 Sep. 2022 This was the largest drop since 2005 and the eighth consecutive year in which the state’s aggregate tax rate has declined. Tom Daykin, Journal Sentinel, 28 Sep. 2022 The show currently holds a 29% aggregate critic rating on Rotten Tomatoes and a 74% audience score. Jennifer Maas, Variety, 28 Sep. 2022 The Rotten Tomatoes scores, of course, always break up the responses into an aggregate overall sentiment from critics, as well as a measure of the sentiment from audiences (on a percentage basis, with the highest being 100%). Andy Meek, BGR, 22 Sep. 2022 The report, which was released Tuesday, found that aggregate global wealth totaled $463.6 trillion at the end of last year, jumping 9.8%. Michelle Toh, CNN, 21 Sep. 2022
Verb
In southeastern Wisconsin, aggregate property tax levies increased by 1%. Tom Daykin, Journal Sentinel, 28 Sep. 2022 Nowadays, many companies use new-age social media aggregator tools to aggregate content in real time from social media related to your event and then display it in an infinite stream of content on a digital background. Rolling Stone Culture Council, Rolling Stone, 8 Sep. 2022 Social issues and governance issues are much harder to aggregate up into single ratings. Tom Lyon, The Conversation, 24 May 2022 Beginning immediately, her office will aggregate drug possession and paraphernalia charges for people with five or more citations, so that they can be treated as a single case. Rachel Swan, San Francisco Chronicle, 8 Sep. 2022 Recent federal regulations, such as the provisions prohibiting information blocking in the 21st Century Cures Act, give consumers greater ability to store, aggregate, use, and share their health information using apps of their choice. Wylecia Wiggs Harris And Tom Cox, STAT, 23 June 2022 Threat intelligence analysts can aggregate vendor security advisories and available patches to take the manual burden off security ops. Gidi Cohen, Forbes, 17 June 2022 Debuting in March 2020, Foodshed began with a plan to aggregate from five farms in North County and distribute food to 60 families in marginalized communities. San Diego Union-Tribune, 23 July 2021 Mechanisms elicit, process, and aggregate collective intelligence from diverse sources. Wired, 15 Aug. 2022
Noun
Often, though, quarterback recruiting does not happen in the aggregate. Nathan Baird, cleveland, 30 Aug. 2022 But in the aggregate, that's huge for the country as a whole. Wired Staff, WIRED, 25 Aug. 2022 Roughly 90% of the companies in the S&P 500 have reported their second quarter results, and their earnings per share are nearly 8% higher from year-ago levels in aggregate. Stan Choe, Chicago Tribune, 11 Aug. 2022 The drying drum would have a natural gas burner on one end to dry the aggregate and rotate to mix the components to form the asphalt, according to the proposal. Dana Afana, Detroit Free Press, 17 May 2022 The plan is to deconstruct a sample of the original mortar to determine the type of aggregate and binder that was used and create a mix to match, Machnicki said. Suzanne Baker, chicagotribune.com, 24 Mar. 2022 The images from that day underscore the challenge of taking a picture of a crowd; there’s an intrinsic conflict between the aggregate and the particular, between the contours of a swarm and the specificity of an unmasked face. The New Yorker, 7 Dec. 2021 Nationwide aggregate box office was $12.1 million, the quietest weekend in Korea since early May. Patrick Frater, Variety, 21 Aug. 2022 While Friday's sixth-place aggregate prize of $1,500 is a far cry from the $2.5 million that Smith earned for his triumph at St. Andrews, the experience left one-of-a-kind memories for Horschel. Clayton Freeman, USA TODAY, 23 July 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'aggregate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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Word History

Etymology

Adjective

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join, include, lump together," from ad- ad- + -gregāre, verbal derivative of greg-, grex "flock, herd, group" — more at gregarious

Verb

Middle English aggregaten, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

Noun

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Medieval Latin aggregātus, noun derivative of Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

First Known Use

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of aggregate was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near aggregate

Cite this Entry

“Aggregate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/aggregate. Accessed 7 Oct. 2022.

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Kids Definition

aggregate 1 of 2

verb

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating
: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
The particles of sand aggregated into giant dunes.

aggregate

2 of 2

noun

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: a mass or body of units or parts
The rock is an aggregate of several minerals.
2
: the whole sum or amount
They won by an aggregate of 30 points.

Medical Definition

aggregate 1 of 3

adjective

ag·​gre·​gate ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount

aggregate

2 of 3

transitive verb

ag·​gre·​gate -ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating
: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
aggregated human albumin

aggregate

3 of 3

noun

ag·​gre·​gate -gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another

Legal Definition

aggregate 1 of 3

adjective

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: taken as a total
aggregate liability

aggregate

2 of 3

verb

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-grə-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating

transitive verb

1
: to combine or gather into a whole
class members may aggregate their individual claims
compare join
2
: to amount to
an award aggregating $100,000

intransitive verb

: to form an aggregate
they may not aggregate if their claims are regarded as “separate and distinct” J. M. Landers et al.

aggregate

3 of 3

noun

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: total amount
may sue in federal court if the aggregate of the claims exceeds $75,000
2
: a whole made up of individual units
the aggregate of operative facts

More from Merriam-Webster on aggregate

Last Updated: 4 Oct 2022

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