aggregate

1 of 3

adjective

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount : collective: such as
a(1)
: clustered in a dense mass or head
an aggregate flower
(2)
: formed from several separate ovaries of a single flower
aggregate fruit
b
: composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments
c
: taking all units as a whole
aggregate sales
aggregately adverb
aggregateness noun

aggregate

2 of 3

verb

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating

transitive verb

1
: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
The census data were aggregated by gender.
2
: to amount to (a whole sum or total) : total
audiences aggregating several million people

aggregate

3 of 3

noun

ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-gri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another
Froth is an aggregate of tiny bubbles.
2
: the whole sum or amount : sum total
spent an aggregate of 10 million dollars in advertising during the past three years
3
a
: a rock composed of mineral crystals of one or more kinds or of mineral rock fragments : an aggregate rock
b
: any of several hard inert materials (such as sand, gravel, or slag) used for mixing with a cementing material to form concrete, mortar, or plaster
c
: a clustered mass of individual soil particles varied in shape, ranging in size from a microscopic granule to a small crumb, and considered the basic structural unit of soil
4
5
Phrases
in the aggregate
: considered as a whole : collectively
Dividends for the year amounted in the aggregate to 25 million dollars.

Did you know?

We added aggregate to our flock of Latin borrowings in the 15th century. It descends from aggregāre ("to cause to flock together" or "to join together"), a Latin verb made up of the prefix ad- (which means "to," and which usually changes to ag- before a g) and greg- or grex (meaning "flock, herd, or group"). Greg- also gave us congregate, gregarious, and segregate. Aggregate is commonly employed in the phrase "in the aggregate," which means "considered as a whole." Aggregate also has some specialized senses. For example, it is used to describe a mass of minerals formed into a rock, and materials like sand or gravel that are used to form concrete, mortar, or plaster.

Examples of aggregate in a Sentence

Adjective There were to be thirty-seven playgrounds, twenty schools. There were to be a hundred and thirty-three miles of street, paved with an inch and a half of No. 2 macadam on an aggregate base. Joan Didion, New Yorker, 26 July 1993
Their success at opening up new sources of supply, generating and servicing demand, and connecting new markets with the processing industries of the Amsterdam entrepôt seemed … to belie the axiom of an inelastic aggregate volume of world trade—a zero-sum competition. Simon Schama, The Embarrassment of Riches, 1988
The mulberry looks a bit like a raspberry. But the raspberry (along with the other brambles, members of the genus Rubus, such as the blackberry) is an aggregate fruit generated by a single, if complex, flower. Raymond Sokolov, Natural History, October 1986
With Keynes, standard theory conceded that disequilibria might intrude upon the economy as a whole, but it held that these could be remedied by judicious stabilization of aggregate demand—that is, combined government and consumer purchasing power. Robert Kuttner, Atlantic, February 1985
The university receives more than half its aggregate income from government sources. The team with the highest aggregate score wins. Verb The problem, in this case, is that the synergy creates incentives for segregation. Ethnic advertisers scour the TV schedule for shows and channels that "aggregate" viewers of the type the client wants to reach … Tamar Jacoby, New Republic, 24 Jan. 2000
"We are good at aggregating eyeballs and delivering services," says Barry Schuler, the president of AOL Interactive Services, "and the Time Warner deal is a natural extension of that." Barry Schuler, Fortune, 7 Feb. 2000
Pollsters, for the most part, know perfectly well what they are doing. One thing they are doing is aggregating and averaging ephemeral spasms of "mood" that may have commercial or political value. Christopher Hitchens, Harper's, April 1992
… covered only if each of the corporations involved has capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregating more than $10 million … Joe Sims et al., National Law Journal, 28 Jan. 1991
The website aggregates content from many other sites. over time, her petty thefts aggregated a significant shortfall in the company's books Noun In particular, a core of popular politically minded blogs known in the aggregate as the Blogosphere has been a beehive of furious activity. Or should I say a wasp's nest? Steven Levy, Newsweek, 4 Oct. 2004
It's true that our lives are the aggregate of a lot of little things, that's precisely why, at least once a year, we need to ride the wave of something bigger and bolder than our own little humdrum existence. Will Manley, Booklist, 1 Sept. 2002
Smallness of enterprises, as in the Japanese bicycle-manufacturing development, is an asset because smallness cuts down administrative and other overhead costs both in individual enterprises and in the aggregate, in comparison with the overhead costs of large operations. Jane Jacobs, Cities and the Wealth of Nations, (1984) 1985
numerous episodes of pilferage, taken in the aggregate, can really add up to a significant sum See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Adjective
The other firms are describing nearer-term results from an aggregate bond universe that includes some long-term bonds and a lot of bonds that will be redeemed and replaced. William Baldwin, Forbes, 17 Feb. 2024 Still, the aggregate capital raised last year by buyout funds reached a record $500 billion, up 51% from 2022, driven by the biggest funds, Raymond James said. Swetha Gopinath, Fortune, 12 Feb. 2024 His competitors would be following on a slope rapidly melting under the midday sun, carved up by those before them, and the winner would be whoever clocked the lowest aggregate time across their two runs. Charlie Metcalfe, WIRED, 10 Feb. 2024 With the two major candidates set to be an aggregate age of a hundred and fifty-nine on Election Day—Biden will be eighty-one, Trump will be seventy-eight—age was always going to be a factor in the campaign. John Cassidy, The New Yorker, 9 Feb. 2024 In the fourth quarter of 2023, Americans held $1.13 trillion on their credit cards, and aggregate household debt balances increased by $212 billion, a 1.2% rise, according to the latest data from the New York Federal Reserve. Cora Lewis, Quartz, 6 Feb. 2024 The top five generated a cumulative $3.3 billion of subscription revenue with an aggregate 38.0 million subscribers at year-end. Patrick Frater, Variety, 5 Feb. 2024 The flipside of declining inflation (an aggregate measure) means waning pricing power for the firms making up the economy. Mike Sommers, Fortune Europe, 1 Feb. 2024 That diversification has driven aggregate resilience–even if that coexists with pain in many parts of the economy. Mike Sommers, Fortune Europe, 1 Feb. 2024
Verb
First, utilize composite endpoints, which allow for aggregating different resources in one response, if required. Expert Panel®, Forbes, 12 Feb. 2024 But the company’s model was predicated on the editorial team churning out a high volume of stories and aggregating other news sources to drive clicks. Todd Spangler, Variety, 31 Jan. 2024 Although the National Space Council is useful in aggregating disparate interests across the US government to help form more cohesive space policies, public meetings like the one Wednesday can seem perfunctory. Stephen Clark, Ars Technica, 21 Dec. 2023 Per Rotten Tomatoes, which aggregates positive and negative reviews from critics, the 10th film holds an 80% score, while the next highest is the 2004 original, with 50%. Benjamin Vanhoose, Peoplemag, 12 Dec. 2023 Second apron teams cannot aggregate salaries in a trade; that means a team cannot trade one player making $20 million and another earning $10 million for a player making $30 million. Barry Jackson, Miami Herald, 5 Feb. 2024 The Old Farmer’s Almanac has aggregated a couple dozen adages about insects, animals and their ability to predict weather patterns. Jackie Wattles, CNN, 2 Feb. 2024 This archive now aggregates more than 283 million streams per month. Katie Bain, Billboard, 23 Jan. 2024 Netflix is the most notable service missing from Apple's useful TV app on Apple TV and iPhone, which aggregates your viewing activity and makes recommendations that link out to individual streaming apps. Samuel Axon, Ars Technica, 18 Jan. 2024
Noun
The software aggregates and analyzes the data and reports back to the hospitals with insights on protocol compliance, efficiency, safety audits, quality controls, and key video and audio clips for review, annotation, and education. Ron Amadeo, Ars Technica, 16 Jan. 2024 For that, the (aggregate) savings rate would have to be negative. Mike Sommers, Fortune Europe, 1 Feb. 2024 While small and locally run, in aggregate these nonprofits have a profound impact on the quality of life here. David Holahan, Hartford Courant, 14 Jan. 2024 Republicans fear the turmoil, in aggregate, could spoil their chances of keeping the House in November. David Sivak, Washington Examiner, 12 Jan. 2024 This need not be contradictory: The aggregate and the components don’t have to agree. Rachel Lin, Fortune, 26 Jan. 2024 In aggregate, Team Vole believes, a high vole year could make the tundra breathe out carbon. Bathsheba Demuth, The Atlantic, 4 Jan. 2024 Costs rose by $2.2 billion a year for broadband customers in aggregate because of the program, according to a report by the Economic Policy Innovation Center. Christopher Hutton, Washington Examiner, 10 Jan. 2024 Local title aggregate revenues were flat with last year, not down, but total box office swelled. John Hopewell, Variety, 29 Dec. 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'aggregate.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Adjective

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join, include, lump together," from ad- ad- + -gregāre, verbal derivative of greg-, grex "flock, herd, group" — more at gregarious

Verb

Middle English aggregaten, borrowed from Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

Noun

Middle English aggregat, borrowed from Medieval Latin aggregātus, noun derivative of Latin aggregātus, past participle of aggregāre "to cause to flock together, join" — more at aggregate entry 1

First Known Use

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of aggregate was in the 15th century

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Dictionary Entries Near aggregate

Cite this Entry

“Aggregate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/aggregate. Accessed 22 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

aggregate

1 of 3 adjective
ag·​gre·​gate ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: formed by the collection of units or particles into one mass or sum
aggregate expenses
2
: clustered in a dense mass or head
an aggregate flower

aggregate

2 of 3 verb
ag·​gre·​gate ˈag-ri-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating
1
: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
2
: to amount to as a whole : total

aggregate

3 of 3 noun
ag·​gre·​gate ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: a collection or sum of units or parts
2
a
: a hard material (as sand or gravel) used especially in making concrete
b
: a clustered mass of individual soil particles considered the basic structural unit of soil
Etymology

Adjective

Middle English aggregat "made up of a collection," derived from Latin aggregare "to cause to join together," from ag-, ad- "to, toward" and greg-, grex "flock, herd" — related to congregate, segregate

Medical Definition

aggregate

1 of 3 adjective
ag·​gre·​gate ˈag-ri-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: formed by the collection of units or particles into a body, mass, or amount
aggregation noun
It is now known that these calcifications represent focal aggregations of calcium hydroxyapatite … Medical Radiography & Photography

aggregate

2 of 3 transitive verb
ag·​gre·​gate -ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating
: to collect or gather into a mass or whole
aggregated human albumin

aggregate

3 of 3 noun
ag·​gre·​gate -gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another

Legal Definition

aggregate

1 of 3 adjective
ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
: taken as a total
aggregate liability

aggregate

2 of 3 verb
ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-grə-ˌgāt How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
aggregated; aggregating

transitive verb

1
: to combine or gather into a whole
class members may aggregate their individual claims
compare join
2
: to amount to
an award aggregating $100,000

intransitive verb

: to form an aggregate
they may not aggregate if their claims are regarded as “separate and distinct”J. M. Landers et al.

aggregate

3 of 3 noun
ag·​gre·​gate ˈa-grə-gət How to pronounce aggregate (audio)
1
: total amount
may sue in federal court if the aggregate of the claims exceeds $75,000
2
: a whole made up of individual units
the aggregate of operative facts

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