\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
plural studies

Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in pluralAmerican studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjectivehe's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique


studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study


studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər How to pronounce studier (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study


consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence

Noun Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year. Verb Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun This study stemmed from work for a Maryland report on allocating scarce medical resources during a public health emergency. Austin Frakt, New York Times, "Who Should Be Saved First? Experts Offer Ethical Guidance," 24 Mar. 2020 Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, has warned against trusting anecdotal evidence of a cure, such as the study of hydroxychloroquine in France. Tim Pearce, Washington Examiner, "'It's great news': The coronavirus's slow mutation is a hopeful sign for those working on a vaccine," 24 Mar. 2020 For the study, the research team tested systems from Amazon, Apple, Google, IBM, and Microsoft. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Speech recognition algorithms may also have racial bias," 23 Mar. 2020 The emergence late last year of COVID-19, a new coronavirus, put remdesivir back on the fast track for study. al, "Alabama research offers hope in the fight against coronavirus," 21 Mar. 2020 The study also assumed a certain amount of non-compliance with these directives or people not doing what they're told. Cincinnati Enquirer, "Report: Ohio's policies may save lives, but a coronavirus vaccine is what's really needed," 21 Mar. 2020 But the Imperial College study shows that, even if the first surge is dealt with by such extensive lockdowns and social-distancing measures, another outbreak can be expected later in the year. The Economist, "The week in charts The lockdown goes viral," 20 Mar. 2020 The study has not been peer-reviewed, meaning that other experts have not yet had the chance to check the quality of the research. Evan Macdonald, cleveland, "Here’s what the Postal Service, UPS, FedEx and Amazon are doing to protect customers, employees amid coronavirus crisis," 20 Mar. 2020 The study turned up another intriguing result: The Ebola outbreak stopped at a major road where gorillas still interacted with each other but at much lower densities. National Geographic, "THE BEST OF NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC DELIVERED TO YOUR INBOX," 19 Mar. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb One came back earlier from studying abroad in Argentina. Susan Tompor, Detroit Free Press, "DTE Energy chief on 'stay home' order: It's painful, but I support it," 23 Mar. 2020 But that’s not the whole story, said Dr. Stanley Perlman, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at the University of Iowa who has studied coronavirus infection in mice. Los Angeles Times, oregonlive, "Men appear more prone to fall ill, die from coronavirus, early analysis shows," 22 Mar. 2020 Andrew Szasz, a sociologist at UC Santa Cruz who has studied the bottled water phenomenon for more than a decade, contends that the industry emerged because people began to distrust their local water sources. Scientific American, "A Crystal Clear Path To Sustainable Bottled Water," 20 Mar. 2020 There were more than 100 students from Texas Tech studying abroad, mostly in Spain, university officials said. Dallas News, "Lubbock family under quarantine after Texas Tech student ignored requirement to self-isolate," 19 Mar. 2020 According to Samantha Brooks, who has studied the psychological impact of quarantine at King’s College London, people in a lockdown become extremely afraid of catching the disease and catastrophize any minor ailment that even resembles a symptom. Emma Grey Ellis, Wired, "How to Not Completely Hate the People You’re Quarantined With," 17 Mar. 2020 Lessler, who has studied outbreaks of influenza, measles, and cholera, is particularly interested in modelling transmission dynamics as a method of controlling the spread of disease. Isaac Chotiner, The New Yorker, "How Epidemiologists Understand the Novel Coronavirus," 15 Mar. 2020 One of us is a former prosecutor, the other a former police officer who has studied policing for more than 20 years. Arthur Rizer, National Review, "Reform Police Training — Why It’s a Conservative Cause," 6 Mar. 2020 The last of 71 University of Texas at San Antonio students studying in Italy got back to the United States on Monday, said Joe Izbrand, the university’s chief communications officer. Alia Malik,, "Coronavirus risk abroad has San Antonio area universities yanking 100-plus students home," 3 Mar. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study


Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Time Traveler for study

Time Traveler

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

28 Mar 2020

Cite this Entry

“Study.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 8 Apr. 2020.

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More Definitions for study


How to pronounce study (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.
: an area of learning taught in a school
: something that a person studies or gives attention to



English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject
: to give careful attention to (something)
: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)


\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing


plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on study

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for study

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with study

Spanish Central: Translation of study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers

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