\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
plural studies

Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a state of contemplation : reverie
2a : application of the mental faculties to the acquisition of knowledge years of study
b : such application in a particular field or to a specific subject the study of Latin
c : careful or extended consideration the proposal is under study
d(1) : a careful examination or analysis of a phenomenon, development, or question
(2) : the published report of such a study
3 : a building or room devoted to study or literary pursuits
4 : purpose, intent it has been the study of my life to avoid those weaknesses— Jane Austen
5a : a branch or department of learning : subject often used in plural American studies
b : the activity or work of a student returning to her studies after vacation
c : an object of study or deliberation every gesture a careful study— Marcia Davenport
d : something attracting close attention or examination
6 : a person who learns or memorizes something (such as a part in a play) usually used with a qualifying adjective he's a quick study
7 : a literary or artistic production intended as a preliminary outline, an experimental interpretation, or an exploratory analysis of specific features or characteristics
8 : a musical composition for the practice of a point of technique


studied; studying

Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to engage in study
b : to undertake formal study of a subject
2 dialect : meditate, reflect
3 : endeavor, try

transitive verb

1 : to read in detail especially with the intention of learning
2 : to engage in the study of study biology
3 : plot, design
4 : to consider attentively or in detail studying his face for a reaction

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Other Words from study


studier \ ˈstə-​dē-​ər How to pronounce studier (audio) \ noun

Choose the Right Synonym for study


consider, study, contemplate, weigh mean to think about in order to arrive at a judgment or decision. consider may suggest giving thought to in order to reach a suitable conclusion, opinion, or decision. refused even to consider my proposal study implies sustained purposeful concentration and attention to details and minutiae. study the plan closely contemplate stresses focusing one's thoughts on something but does not imply coming to a conclusion or decision. contemplate the consequences of refusing weigh implies attempting to reach the truth or arrive at a decision by balancing conflicting claims or evidence. weigh the pros and cons of the case

Examples of study in a Sentence


Becoming a doctor requires years of study. You can improve your knowledge of the natural world by study and observation. She will return to her studies after vacation. He left the service to pursue his studies. The agency conducted an environmental study. He took part in a study of childhood obesity. The study of the new drug will be published next year.


Did you study for the test? She's studying to be a teacher. I studied the request carefully. She was studying his face for a reaction. The proposal was studied in great detail. The effects of the drug have never been thoroughly studied.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Marsden became a devoted student of the sport and was a quick study to boot. Dvora Meyers, Longreads, "The Gymnast’s Position," 5 June 2019 The study is published in the journal Nature Astronomy. Fox News, "Growing alien worlds spotted in 'planet nursery' around young star," 5 June 2019 For the study, healthy, young participants consumed 32 ounces of one of two types of energy drinks or a caffeine-free, stimulant-free placebo. Cynthia Sass, Mph,, "Energy Drinks May Cause Heart Problems—Here’s How to Get a Natural Boost Instead," 4 June 2019 The study explains that while the radiation exposure wasn’t good for the animals, the absence of humans and human lifestyle helped outweighed radiation risk., "How Chernobyl, the Biggest Nuclear Disaster in History, Still Affects Ukraine 33 Years Later," 4 June 2019 In a subsequent Redevelopment Commission study session, Councilman Dan Vassar, D-3rd, expressed concern over a stretch of 45th Street on which the former Ellendale Plaza sits. Michelle L. Quinn, Post-Tribune, "NIPSCO tree removal to monitor pipelines planned for Highland," 4 June 2019 Sacramento City Unified also spent more money on health benefits per student than all but two districts in the state, according to a recent Policy Analysis for California Education study. Michael Finch Ii, sacbee, "Sacramento city schools could save millions on teachers’ health care. Will union play ball?," 4 June 2019 The average net worth of Americans between 18 and 34 years of age has fallen by 34 percent since 1996, a recent study by the accounting firm Deloitte has concluded., "The average young adult in U.S. today has a lot less money than 20 years ago, potentially upending politics," 3 June 2019 The research on the health effects of binge-watching is still in its infancy, but a few studies have raised concerns. The Washington Post, Twin Cities, "How binge-watching is hazardous to your health," 3 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

But to study the EmDrive and similar propellantless propulsion systems, Tajmar says, required nano-Newton resolution. Daniel Oberhaus, WIRED, "A Mythical Form of Space Propulsion Finally Gets a Real Test," 5 June 2019 Geoff Bower, an astronomer at Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics in Hawaii who used ALMA and other instruments to study G2 in 2013, also says his team saw no evidence of the object interacting with cold gas. Nola Taylor Redd, Scientific American, "Cool Gas Circles Milky Way’s Supermassive Black Hole," 5 June 2019 This fall Michaela will head off to the University of Arizona to study design technology for costuming. Donna Vickroy, Daily Southtown, "As children born in the year of 9/11 come of age, their parents describe efforts to create a better world," 5 June 2019 Flash Cards are also available for both titles, which gives the children opportunities to study and remember the animals and their sounds from the books. Eric Todisco,, "Experience Jimmy Fallon's Best-Selling Children's Books with Puzzles and Flash Card Sets," 5 June 2019 The scientists add tumors to study the immune system’s response, then test cancer treatments on the mice. Marie Mccullough,, "After Trump administration’s restrictions on fetal tissue research, consider these important scientific advances," 5 June 2019 Kardashian is currently studying law to pass the bar exam. Meagan Fredette,, "Kim Kardashian Visits Death Row Prisoner Convicted Of Murder In Hopes Of Exoneration," 4 June 2019 Having internet access at home has become more important because District 86 students all use Chromebooks to study and do assignments in school and at home. Kimberly Fornek,, "Sprint to fund internet access for Hinsdale District 86 students in need," 4 June 2019 For example, in 1994 the NFL created the Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Committee to study the effects of head injuries. Jenny Green, Indianapolis Star, "Insurers demand to know what the Colts knew about concussion risks," 4 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'study.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of study


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for study


Middle English studie, from Anglo-French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre to devote oneself, study; probably akin to Latin tundere to beat — more at contusion

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Statistics for study

Last Updated

7 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for study

The first known use of study was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for study



English Language Learners Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the activity or process of learning about something by reading, memorizing facts, attending school, etc.
: an area of learning taught in a school
: something that a person studies or gives attention to



English Language Learners Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

: to read, memorize facts, attend school, etc., in order to learn about a subject
: to give careful attention to (something)
: to conduct an organized experiment in order to learn more about (something)


\ ˈstə-dē How to pronounce study (audio) \
studied; studying

Kids Definition of study

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to make an effort to learn about something by reading, investigating, or memorizing
2 : to give close attention to I studied the X-rays as Dr. Cone pointed things out to me.— Judy Blume, Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing


plural studies

Kids Definition of study (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the act of making an effort to learn by reading, practicing, or memorizing
2 : a careful investigation or examination of something the study of a disease
3 : a room especially for study, reading, or writing

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More from Merriam-Webster on study

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with study

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for study

Spanish Central: Translation of study

Nglish: Translation of study for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of study for Arabic Speakers

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