proportion

noun
pro·​por·​tion | \ prə-ˈpȯr-shən How to pronounce proportion (audio) \

Definition of proportion

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : harmonious relation of parts to each other or to the whole : balance, symmetry
2a : proper or equal share each did her proportion of the work
3 : the relation of one part to another or to the whole with respect to magnitude, quantity, or degree : ratio
5 : a statement of equality between two ratios in which the first of the four terms divided by the second equals the third divided by the fourth (as in 4/2=10/5) — compare extreme sense 1b, mean sense 1c
in proportion

proportion

verb
proportioned; proportioning\ prə-​ˈpȯr-​sh(ə-​)niŋ How to pronounce proportion (audio) \

Definition of proportion (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to adjust (a part or thing) in size relative to other parts or things
2 : to make the parts of harmonious or symmetrical

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Examples of proportion in a Sentence

Noun His ears were drawn out of proportion with his head. The size of the window seems out of proportion with the height of the wall.
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun In June, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a centralized vaccine drive, in which a significant proportion of doses would be provided by the central government to states for free. Jessie Yeung, CNN, 5 July 2021 Ultra-wide lenses, especially those with smaller apertures like on the iPhone 12 Pro Max, typically deliver a large depth-of-field which means a significant proportion of the scene is rendered with acceptable sharpness. Paul Monckton, Forbes, 28 June 2021 Mounting evidence suggests that a significant proportion of these people do not produce a sufficient antibody response after vaccination. New York Times, 20 June 2021 Herd immunity has been reached with a significant proportion of the population immune to infection because of previous exposure or vaccination. Phillip Molnar, San Diego Union-Tribune, 11 June 2021 Meanwhile, Taiwan, which accounts for a fifth of the world’s chip manufacturing capacity—including a significant proportion of the chips used in the automotive industry—is suffering its worst Covid-19 outbreak since the pandemic began. Stephanie Yang, WSJ, 11 June 2021 Up to 30 percent of people diagnosed with major depressive disorder don't respond to typical treatments, leaving a significant proportion of patients in need of new treatment options. Kaitlin Sullivan, NBC News, 9 June 2021 With so few players on the cutting edge of the industry, TSMC has been left to satisfy a significant proportion of advanced demand, which is why its $100 billion investment might not be replicated by other players. Eamon Barrett, Fortune, 1 Apr. 2021 Researchers who surveyed gun-owning families in the rural South found that a significant proportion of parents had no idea what their children knew about or had done with their firearms, according to a study in JAMA Pediatrics. Washington Post, 29 Mar. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb But Rolls doesn't build a torpedo as svelte and as classically proportioned as the DB7 and probably never will. John Phillips, Car and Driver, 20 May 2020 Like a great restaurant dish, the ingredients are of an unattainable-to-regular-folks quality and proportioned with the ideal balance of flavors and textures. Los Angeles Times, 28 Apr. 2020 Dvir originally focused on making sure the triptychs were correctly proportioned. Michael Hardy, Wired, 23 Feb. 2020 Why would any animal be so ridiculously proportioned? Michael B. Habib, Scientific American, 1 Oct. 2019 The colors were bright, the texture was soft, the Bavarian cream filling was properly proportioned and evenly distributed. al, 20 Jan. 2020 At mile eighty-one of the New York State Thruway, the gray silhouettes of the Catskills come into view, perfectly framed and proportioned. Peter Schjeldahl, The New Yorker, 16 Dec. 2019 Mashburn educated herself on portion sizes during her first few months of the diet, paying attention to the serving size on labels and making sure to proportion her snacks and meals accordingly. NBC News, 30 Nov. 2019 With the ability to power each wheel individually, electric trucks like this one promise to surpass the capability of four-wheel drive by actively proportioning power to the wheels with the most grip. Wes Siler, Outside Online, 22 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'proportion.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of proportion

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for proportion

Noun

Middle English proporcion, from Anglo-French, from Latin proportion-, proportio, from pro for + portion-, portio portion — more at for

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Learn More About proportion

Time Traveler for proportion

Time Traveler

The first known use of proportion was in the 14th century

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Statistics for proportion

Last Updated

16 Jul 2021

Cite this Entry

“Proportion.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/proportion. Accessed 26 Jul. 2021.

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More Definitions for proportion

proportion

noun

English Language Learners Definition of proportion

: an amount that is a part of a whole
: the relationship that exists between the size, number, or amount of two things
: the correct or appropriate relationship between the size, shape, and position of the different parts of something

proportion

noun
pro·​por·​tion | \ prə-ˈpȯr-shən How to pronounce proportion (audio) \

Kids Definition of proportion

1 : the size, number, or amount of one thing or group of things as compared to that of another thing or group of things The proportion of boys to girls in our class is two to one.
2 : a balanced or pleasing arrangement The oversize garage is out of proportion with the house.
3 : a statement of the equality of two ratios (as ⁴/₂ = ¹⁰/₅)
4 : a fair or just share I did my proportion of the work.
5 : size, shape, or extent of something It was a crisis of large proportions.

More from Merriam-Webster on proportion

Nglish: Translation of proportion for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of proportion for Arabic Speakers

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