property

noun

prop·​er·​ty ˈprä-pər-tē How to pronounce property (audio)
plural properties
1
a
: a quality or trait belonging and especially peculiar to an individual or thing
b
: an effect that an object has on another object or on the senses
d
: an attribute common to all members of a class
2
a
: something owned or possessed
specifically : a piece of real estate
b
: the exclusive right to possess, enjoy, and dispose of a thing : ownership
c
: something to which a person or business has a legal title
d
: one (such as a performer) who is under contract and whose work is especially valuable
e
: a book or script purchased for publication or production
3
: an article or object used in a play or motion picture except painted scenery and costumes
propertyless adjective
propertylessness noun
Choose the Right Synonym for property

quality, property, character, attribute mean an intelligible feature by which a thing may be identified.

quality is a general term applicable to any trait or characteristic whether individual or generic.

material with a silky quality

property implies a characteristic that belongs to a thing's essential nature and may be used to describe a type or species.

the property of not conducting heat

character applies to a peculiar and distinctive quality of a thing or a class.

remarks of an unseemly character

attribute implies a quality ascribed to a thing or a being.

the attributes of a military hero

Examples of property in a Sentence

We are not responsible for the loss of personal property. He was trying to sell stolen property. He was caught trespassing on private property. She owns all sorts of property around town. The students were caught smoking on school property. He owns several valuable properties in the area. a developer of commercial properties One of the properties of helium is its lightness. A unique property of garlic is its strong odor. The two plants have similar physical properties.
Recent Examples on the Web The district sets property appraisals and administers exemptions for tax purposes. Noah Alcala Bach, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 4 Apr. 2024 Highlands County property records say Albert Moon and his wife bought that two-bedroom, 1,777-square foot house for $130,000 in May 2020. David J. Neal, Miami Herald, 4 Apr. 2024 Kering has no plans to become a property developer, CEO Francois-Henri Pinault said at the time. Angelina Rascouet, Fortune Europe, 4 Apr. 2024 The Manchester-Nashua metropolitan area of New Hampshire was the country’s hottest housing market in February, according to the site’s index, which considers demand (measured by unique views per property) and pace (measured by the number of days a listing is active). Alena Botros, Fortune, 4 Apr. 2024 Violent and property crime will be measured by data tools and crime rates, while citizen satisfaction and relationships will be measured through a variety of surveys, the plan states. Kendrick Calfee, Kansas City Star, 4 Apr. 2024 His lawyers argue that the former president had the authority under the PRA to declare even highly classified documents to be his personal records and property. Perry Stein, Washington Post, 4 Apr. 2024 Dana Walden, boss of all TV One of the savviest executives in Hollywood, Dana Walden oversees a vast portfolio of properties and programming crucial to Disney’s legacy TV business and its streaming future. Meg James, Los Angeles Times, 4 Apr. 2024 The face serum also boasts antioxidant properties, protecting the skin from external aggressors. Danielle Cohen, Glamour, 3 Apr. 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'property.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English proprete, from Anglo-French propreté, from Latin proprietat-, proprietas, from proprius own

First Known Use

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Time Traveler
The first known use of property was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near property

Cite this Entry

“Property.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/property. Accessed 17 Apr. 2024.

Kids Definition

property

noun
prop·​er·​ty ˈpräp-ərt-ē How to pronounce property (audio)
plural properties
1
: a special quality of something
the commutative property of addition
sweetness is a property of sugar
2
: something (as land, goods, or money) that is owned
that lamp is my aunt's property
especially : a piece of real estate
a business property
3
: something other than scenery or costumes that is used in a play or movie
propertyless adjective

Legal Definition

property

noun
prop·​er·​ty
plural properties
1
: something (as an interest, money, or land) that is owned or possessed see also asset, estate, interest sense 1, possession sense 1e
abandoned property
: property to which the owner has relinquished all rights

Note: When property is abandoned, the owner gives up the reasonable expectation of privacy concerning it. The finder of abandoned property is entitled to keep it, and a police officer may take possession of abandoned property as evidence without violating the guarantee against unreasonable searches and seizures in the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

after-acquired property
: property (as proceeds) that a debtor acquires after the commencement of a bankruptcy case and that is usually considered part of the bankruptcy estate
: property acquired after the perfection of a lien or security interest
especially : such property acquired after the creation of a lien or security interest that is subject to the lien or becomes collateral for the security interest
: property transferred to the estate of a decedent after execution of the will
common property
: property owned or used by more than one party
specifically : property owned or leased by tenants in common compare tenancy in common at tenancy
community property
: property held jointly by husband and wife
specifically : property especially from employment acquired by either spouse after marriage that is deemed in states having a community property system to belong to both spouses as undivided one-half interests compare joint tenancy and tenancy by the entirety at tenancy ownership in indivision at ownership

Note: The states having community property laws are Louisiana, Arizona, California, Texas, Washington, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, and Wisconsin.

immovable property
: real property in this entry
specifically, in the civil law of Louisiana : tracts of land with their component parts
intangible property
: property (as a stock certificate or professional license) that derives value not from its intrinsic physical nature but from what it represents
intellectual property \ ˌin-​tə-​ˈlek-​chə-​wəl-​ \
: property that derives from the work of the mind or intellect
specifically : an idea, invention, trade secret, process, program, data, formula, patent, copyright, or trademark or application, right, or registration relating thereto
lost property
: property that has been left in an unknown location involuntarily but through no one's fault

Note: The finder of lost property has title to the property against all the world except the true owner.

marital property
: property acquired by either spouse during the course of a marriage that is subject to division upon divorce see also antenuptial agreement

Note: In most states, upon divorce marital property is divided according to what the court determines is equitable.

movable property
: property (as personal property or crops) that can be moved
personal property
: property (as a vehicle) that is movable but not including crops or other resources still attached to land : property other than real property a tax on the personal property of the corporation
: property belonging to a particular person
qualified terminable interest property
: property passing to a surviving spouse that qualifies for the marital deduction if the executor so elects providing that the spouse is entitled to receive income in payments made at least annually for life and that no one has a power to appoint any part of the property to any person other than the surviving spouse see also QTIP trust at trust

Note: Under federal tax law the property must be included in the gross estate of the surviving spouse at his or her own death, where it is subject to taxation.

real property
: property consisting of land, buildings, crops, or other resources still attached to or within the land or improvements or fixtures permanently attached to the land or a structure on it
also : an interest, benefit, right, or privilege in such property

called also immovable property

separate property
: property of a spouse that is not community property or marital property
especially : property acquired by a spouse before marriage or individually during marriage (as by gift or often by inheritance)
tangible property
: property that has a tangible and corporeal existence and intrinsic economic value because of it the insurance policy restricted property damage coverage to tangible property compare intangible property in this entry
2
: one or more rights of ownership
Etymology

Anglo-French propreté, proprieté, from Latin proprietat-, proprietas, from proprius own, particular

More from Merriam-Webster on property

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