multiply

verb
mul·​ti·​ply | \ ˈməl-tə-ˌplī How to pronounce multiply (audio) \
multiplied; multiplying

Definition of multiply

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to increase in number especially greatly or in multiples : augment
2a : to find the product of by multiplication multiply 7 and 8
b : to use as a multiplicand in multiplication with another number multiply 7 by 8

intransitive verb

1a : to become greater in number : spread
2 : to perform multiplication

multiply

adverb
mul·​ti·​ply | \ ˈməl-tə-plē How to pronounce multiply (audio) \

Definition of multiply (Entry 2 of 3)

: in a multiple manner : in several ways multiply talented children

multi-ply

adjective
mul·​ti-ply | \ ˌməl-tē-ˈplī How to pronounce multi-ply (audio) , -ˌtī-\

Definition of multi-ply (Entry 3 of 3)

: composed of several plies

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Synonyms for multiply

Synonyms: Verb

breed, procreate, propagate, reproduce

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Choose the Right Synonym for multiply

Verb

increase, enlarge, augment, multiply mean to make or become greater. increase used intransitively implies progressive growth in size, amount, or intensity his waistline increased with age ; used transitively it may imply simple not necessarily progressive addition. increased her landholdings enlarge implies expansion or extension that makes greater in size or capacity. enlarged the kitchen augment implies addition to what is already well grown or well developed. the inheritance augmented his fortune multiply implies increase in number by natural generation or by indefinite repetition of a process. with each attempt the problems multiplied

Examples of multiply in a Sentence

Verb

Complaints about the new procedure soon multiplied. Her responsibilities multiplied when she was promoted. Her responsibilities were multiplied by the promotion. The bacteria multiply rapidly in warm, moist conditions. The teacher taught the children how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

As Smith’s rabbits multiplied, so have his islands. Deanna Weniger, Twin Cities, "Island hopping: Bloomington teen makes biz out of taking bunnies to Mississippi islands," 30 Aug. 2019 One reason the battle is so pitched is that, as the new class multiplied in numbers and strength, the divide between it and the rest of the country grew into the Mariana Trench. Matthew Continetti, National Review, "Guns and the ‘New Class’," 10 Aug. 2019 As the moments of acceptance multiplied, the malaise of moving slowly but surely loosened its grip. Joy Notoma, Longreads, "When to Throw a Goodbye Party," 19 July 2019 More startling, the number that characterized the rate of doubling was the same: As the periods multiplied, each doubling occurred about 4.669 times as quickly as the previous one. Kenneth Chang, New York Times, "Mitchell Feigenbaum, Physicist, Dies at 74; He Made Sense of Chaos," 18 July 2019 Rapinoe is one of the few athletes who seems to keep growing into an occasion even as the pressure and everything around that moment multiply exponentially. Grant Wahl, SI.com, "Megan Rapinoe Thrives at Center of USA vs. France Circus She Wanted," 27 June 2019 And of course there is multiplying confusion of all sorts related to gender identity, ethnic identity, and much more. Nr Interview, National Review, "Identity Politics Runs Much Deeper than Politics," 27 Aug. 2019 The fires are still multiplying, and peak dry season is still a month away. Catesby Holmes, The Conversation, "The Amazon is burning: 4 essential reads on Brazil’s vanishing rainforest," 23 Aug. 2019 The regular establishing shots of gray skies and peaceful cityscapes lull us into a deceptive state of calm that, miraculously, doesn’t clash with the movie’s rapidly self-multiplying complications. Los Angeles Times, "Review: ‘Asako I & II’ is a playful, haunting drama of love lost and regained," 21 Aug. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb

Next up as guest artists is a series of adventurous, multiply talented musicians including Matana Roberts and Darius Jones (July 19); Nico Muhly (Aug. 2); and John Zorn (Aug. 9). New York Times, "He Turned the Met Museum’s Collection Into an Orchestra," 16 July 2019 While recriminations and lawsuits multiply over the event’s now-infamous collapse, almost $1 million is still unaccounted for, and it’s unclear exactly how the rest was spent. Polly Mosendz, Bloomberg.com, "Fyre Festival Was Buried Under Millions in Debt Before It Even Began," 15 May 2017 Multiply that prosecutor times hundreds of lawyers working against Trump’s proposals, thousands of journalists covering his every move, and millions of detractors across the country and globe, and the research becomes almost instantaneous. Mario Nicolais, The Denver Post, "Trump vs. Trump," 16 June 2017 At that same awards show, Blunt presented his pal with the Diamond Award to recognize the success of Ed's album x (Multiply) in Australia. Emilee Lindner, Billboard, "Ed Sheeran & James Blunt: A Timeline of Their Friendship," 7 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'multiply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of multiply

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Adverb

1881, in the meaning defined above

Adjective

1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for multiply

Verb

Middle English multiplien, from Anglo-French multiplier, from Latin multiplicare, from multiplic-, multiplex multiple

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Learn More about multiply

Statistics for multiply

Last Updated

14 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for multiply

The first known use of multiply was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for multiply

multiply

verb

English Language Learners Definition of multiply

: to increase greatly in number or amount : to become much more numerous
: to cause (something) to increase greatly in number or amount
: to increase in number by reproducing

multiply

verb
mul·​ti·​ply | \ ˈməl-tə-ˌplī How to pronounce multiply (audio) \
multiplied; multiplying

Kids Definition of multiply

1 : to increase in number : make or become more numerous His worries multiplied.
2 : to find the product of by means of multiplication Multiply 7 by 8.

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More from Merriam-Webster on multiply

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with multiply

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for multiply

Spanish Central: Translation of multiply

Nglish: Translation of multiply for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of multiply for Arabic Speakers

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