multiply

verb
mul·​ti·​ply | \ ˈməl-tə-ˌplī How to pronounce multiply (audio) \
multiplied; multiplying

Definition of multiply

 (Entry 1 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to increase in number especially greatly or in multiples : augment
2a : to find the product of by multiplication multiply 7 and 8
b : to use as a multiplicand in multiplication with another number multiply 7 by 8

intransitive verb

1a : to become greater in number : spread
2 : to perform multiplication

multiply

adverb
mul·​ti·​ply | \ ˈməl-tə-plē How to pronounce multiply (audio) \

Definition of multiply (Entry 2 of 3)

: in a multiple manner : in several ways multiply talented children

multi-ply

adjective
mul·​ti-ply | \ ˌməl-tē-ˈplī How to pronounce multi-ply (audio) , -ˌtī- \

Definition of multi-ply (Entry 3 of 3)

: composed of several plies

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Synonyms for multiply

Synonyms: Verb

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Choose the Right Synonym for multiply

Verb

increase, enlarge, augment, multiply mean to make or become greater. increase used intransitively implies progressive growth in size, amount, or intensity his waistline increased with age ; used transitively it may imply simple not necessarily progressive addition. increased her landholdings enlarge implies expansion or extension that makes greater in size or capacity. enlarged the kitchen augment implies addition to what is already well grown or well developed. the inheritance augmented his fortune multiply implies increase in number by natural generation or by indefinite repetition of a process. with each attempt the problems multiplied

Examples of multiply in a Sentence

Verb Complaints about the new procedure soon multiplied. Her responsibilities multiplied when she was promoted. Her responsibilities were multiplied by the promotion. The bacteria multiply rapidly in warm, moist conditions. The teacher taught the children how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb In all but the smallest precincts, the rules state that the viability threshold is determined by multiplying the number of voters by 0.15 and rounding up to the nearest whole number. NBC News, "NBC News review of Iowa caucus vote finds potential errors, inconsistencies," 7 Feb. 2020 The Severe Fire Danger Index, a rating of how likely a fire is to start, from 0 to 100, is calculated by multiplying the ERC with the BI. Jayme Moye, Popular Mechanics, "Our Parents Told Us Not to Play With Fire. Thankfully, These Scientists Didn’t Listen.," 30 Jan. 2020 Since the 2016 primary, which made Sanders a national figure and the symbolic leader of a left resurgence, coverage has multiplied exponentially. David Sessions, The New Republic, "The Eternally Unvetted Bernie Sanders," 28 Jan. 2020 Probability theory dictates that the chances of three things happening simultaneously is calculated by multiplying together the odds of each individual event occurring. Adam Seessel, Fortune, "Valuation: Why Health Insurer Anthem Is Worth Investing In," 19 Nov. 2019 After multiplying that number by 16 and adding 31, one will find that the dog is a comparable 48 1/2 years old to humans. Claudia Harmata, PEOPLE.com, "There's a Better Way Calculate Your Dog's True Age in Dog Years, Researchers Say," 19 Nov. 2019 Auburn’s chances of an upset are better than 50 percent The probability of Auburn winning both games can be calculated by multiplying the probability of each individual win. Christopher Smith, al, "A realistic look at Auburn’s chances of upsetting Georgia or Alabama," 5 Nov. 2019 The income points in the study apply to single-person households, the authors note, but can be determined for families by multiplying the figure by the square root of a household size. Josh Hafner, USA TODAY, "Does money equal happiness? It does, but only until you earn this much," 26 Feb. 2018 The use of derivatives can also multiply potential losses. Paul Kiernan, WSJ, "Leveraged-ETF Seller Urges Investors to Fight Proposed Regulation," 30 Jan. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Adverb Next up as guest artists is a series of adventurous, multiply talented musicians including Matana Roberts and Darius Jones (July 19); Nico Muhly (Aug. 2); and John Zorn (Aug. 9). New York Times, "He Turned the Met Museum’s Collection Into an Orchestra," 16 July 2019 While recriminations and lawsuits multiply over the event’s now-infamous collapse, almost $1 million is still unaccounted for, and it’s unclear exactly how the rest was spent. Polly Mosendz, Bloomberg.com, "Fyre Festival Was Buried Under Millions in Debt Before It Even Began," 15 May 2017 Multiply that prosecutor times hundreds of lawyers working against Trump’s proposals, thousands of journalists covering his every move, and millions of detractors across the country and globe, and the research becomes almost instantaneous. Mario Nicolais, The Denver Post, "Trump vs. Trump," 16 June 2017 At that same awards show, Blunt presented his pal with the Diamond Award to recognize the success of Ed's album x (Multiply) in Australia. Emilee Lindner, Billboard, "Ed Sheeran & James Blunt: A Timeline of Their Friendship," 7 May 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'multiply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of multiply

Verb

13th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Adverb

1881, in the meaning defined above

Adjective

1926, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for multiply

Verb

Middle English multiplien, from Anglo-French multiplier, from Latin multiplicare, from multiplic-, multiplex multiple

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Time Traveler for multiply

Time Traveler

The first known use of multiply was in the 13th century

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Statistics for multiply

Last Updated

18 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Multiply.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/multiply. Accessed 26 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for multiply

multiply

verb
How to pronounce multi-ply (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of multiply

: to increase greatly in number or amount : to become much more numerous
: to cause (something) to increase greatly in number or amount
: to increase in number by reproducing

multiply

verb
mul·​ti·​ply | \ ˈməl-tə-ˌplī How to pronounce multiply (audio) \
multiplied; multiplying

Kids Definition of multiply

1 : to increase in number : make or become more numerous His worries multiplied.
2 : to find the product of by means of multiplication Multiply 7 by 8.

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Comments on multiply

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