mul·​ti·​pli·​ca·​tion | \ ˌməl-tə-plə-ˈkā-shən How to pronounce multiplication (audio) \

Definition of multiplication

1 : the act or process of multiplying : the state of being multiplied
2a : a mathematical operation that at its simplest is an abbreviated process of adding an integer to zero a specified number of times and that is extended to other numbers in accordance with laws that are valid for integers
b : any of various mathematical operations that are analogous in some way to multiplication of the real numbers but are defined for other or larger sets of elements (such as complex numbers, vectors, matrices, or functions)

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Synonyms & Antonyms for multiplication



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Examples of multiplication in a Sentence

Students are learning multiplication and division. a disease causing uncontrolled multiplication of cells an uncontrolled multiplication of cells
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Recent Examples on the Web Bartholet wants the state to ride in on horseback and break up all those sinister gatherings in which families go through the multiplication tables together. Kyle Smith, National Review, "The Attack on Homeschoolers Is an Attack on American Ideals," 23 Apr. 2020 But others of us are relearning multiplication tables or bouncing a baby on one hip while fielding emails with a nondominant hand. Dawn Perry, New York Times, "5 Fast Pastas for Long Days," 13 Apr. 2020 From grade school onward, complex multiplication has been a headache. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "This Guy Just Found a Faster Way to Multiply," 18 Oct. 2019 This multiplication of threats has heightened the sense of alarm. Lawrence M. Krauss, WSJ, "Time to Stop the ‘Doomsday Clock’," 22 Jan. 2020 Wise division with multiplication in mind is essential gospel practice. al, "Methodist split: conservative event organizers respond to critics," 21 Feb. 2020 The standard convention holds that multiplication and division have equal priority. Steven Strogatz, New York Times, "The Math Equation That Tried to Stump the Internet," 2 Aug. 2019 Meanwhile, Bradshaw taught multiplication and simple arithmetic to the first and third graders in a room that is also the library. Anita Hassan, NBC News, "In rural Nevada, a one-room schoolhouse has educated generations of residents," 17 Oct. 2019 Subtraction, multiplication and division work similarly. Wired, "A Big Question About Prime Numbers Gets a Partial Answer," 29 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'multiplication.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of multiplication

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for multiplication

Middle English multiplicacioun, from Anglo-French multiplicacion, from Latin multiplication-, multiplicatio, from multiplicare to multiply

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Time Traveler for multiplication

Time Traveler

The first known use of multiplication was in the 14th century

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Statistics for multiplication

Cite this Entry

“Multiplication.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 7 Aug. 2020.

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How to pronounce multiplication (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of multiplication

mathematics : the process of adding a number to itself a certain number of times : the act or process of multiplying numbers
: an increase in the number or amount of something


mul·​ti·​pli·​ca·​tion | \ ˌməl-tə-plə-ˈkā-shən How to pronounce multiplication (audio) \

Kids Definition of multiplication

: a short way of finding out what would be the result of adding one number the number of times indicated by a second number The multiplication of 7 by 3 is equal to 7 plus 7 plus 7, which gives 21.

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