mul·​ti·​pli·​ca·​tion | \ ˌməl-tə-plə-ˈkā-shən How to pronounce multiplication (audio) \

Definition of multiplication

1 : the act or process of multiplying : the state of being multiplied
2a : a mathematical operation that at its simplest is an abbreviated process of adding an integer to zero a specified number of times and that is extended to other numbers in accordance with laws that are valid for integers
b : any of various mathematical operations that are analogous in some way to multiplication of the real numbers but are defined for other or larger sets of elements (such as complex numbers, vectors, matrices, or functions)

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Synonyms & Antonyms for multiplication


accumulating, accumulation, addition, increase, mushrooming, proliferation



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Examples of multiplication in a Sentence

Students are learning multiplication and division. a disease causing uncontrolled multiplication of cells an uncontrolled multiplication of cells
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Recent Examples on the Web

The mathematics involved—everything from addition to subtraction to even multiplication—limited participation in such leagues to an assortment of nerds, eggheads and other poindexters willing to handle such advanced calculations. Gary Gramling,, "Hold Your Fantasy Playoffs During the NFL Playoffs, You Cowards," 5 July 2019 That makes sense, since calculating a probability is complicated, requiring three multiplications and one addition, according to Weber, before dividing the resulting two terms. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "“Fixed mindsets” might be why we don’t understand statistics," 14 Oct. 2018 And low range is strictly for slow off-roading or places where torque multiplication would really help you out (like deep sand). Ezra Dyer, Popular Mechanics, "How to Use Your 4WD System," 5 Dec. 2018 Teachers use a hand clapping game to practice multiplication tables. CBS News, "Why many Silicon Valley parents are curbing their kids' tech time," 30 May 2018 Cue the era of multiplication-table work sheets and timed math facts, tasks that still make up the bulk of elementary school math homework assignments. Jessica Lahey,, "Why it's so hard to help with your kid's math homework," 20 May 2018 On a recent Thursday afternoon, a couple of third graders opted for multiplication flash cards. Susan Demar Lafferty, Daily Southtown, "'We all need to help our neighbors': Lewis program connects students with Fairmont community," 8 May 2018 Ask us to guess the answer to a multiplication problem, but present the multipliers in different sequences, and our estimates vary enormously (but in predictable ways). Lily Janiak, San Francisco Chronicle, "Glass half empty (or is it half full) in the Marsh’s ‘Two Minds’," 7 May 2018 Could Dorough write songs that might help children learn their multiplication tables? James Reed,, "Bob Dorough, jazz artist who wrote catchy, educational ditties for 'Schoolhouse Rock,' dies at 94," 25 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'multiplication.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of multiplication

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for multiplication

Middle English multiplicacioun, from Anglo-French multiplicacion, from Latin multiplication-, multiplicatio, from multiplicare to multiply

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Statistics for multiplication

Last Updated

14 Jul 2019

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Time Traveler for multiplication

The first known use of multiplication was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for multiplication



English Language Learners Definition of multiplication

mathematics : the process of adding a number to itself a certain number of times : the act or process of multiplying numbers
: an increase in the number or amount of something


mul·​ti·​pli·​ca·​tion | \ ˌməl-tə-plə-ˈkā-shən How to pronounce multiplication (audio) \

Kids Definition of multiplication

: a short way of finding out what would be the result of adding one number the number of times indicated by a second number The multiplication of 7 by 3 is equal to 7 plus 7 plus 7, which gives 21.

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Comments on multiplication

What made you want to look up multiplication? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


appealing forcibly to the mind or reason

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