jury

noun
ju·​ry | \ ˈju̇r-ē How to pronounce jury (audio) , ˈjər-\
plural juries

Definition of jury

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : a body of persons sworn to give a verdict on some matter submitted to them especially : a body of persons legally selected and sworn to inquire into any matter of fact and to give their verdict according to the evidence
2 : a committee for judging and awarding prizes at a contest or exhibition
3 : one (such as the public or test results) that will decide used especially in the phrase the jury is still out

jury

verb
juried; jurying

Definition of jury (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

: to select material as appropriate for exhibition in (something, such as an art show) used chiefly as a participle a juried show

jury

adjective

Definition of jury (Entry 3 of 3)

: improvised for temporary use especially in an emergency : makeshift a jury mast a jury rig

Examples of jury in a Sentence

Noun

The jury failed to reach a verdict. She was selected to serve on a jury.

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

At the inquest, a jury of 14 will decide the manner of death for each family member. Lauren Smiley, Glamour, "Sarah Hart Was ‘Intoxicated’: Everything We’ve Learned So Far About the Hart Family From the Coroner’s Inquest," 5 Apr. 2019 Twelve honorable people — a jury of Cosby’s peers — have spoken. Jeff Truesdell, PEOPLE.com, "Bill Cosby Turns 81 Today — as Possible 30-Year Sentence Looms After Sex Assault Conviction," 12 July 2018 An all-white jury freed her husband and the other man even without it. Jay Reeves, The Christian Science Monitor, "FBI reopens Emmett Till murder case in light of possible new information," 12 July 2018 An all-white jury freed her husband and the other man even without it. Jay Reeves, Anchorage Daily News, "‘New information’ prompts US to reopen investigation of brutal 1955 slaying of black teen," 12 July 2018 Farmers are standing by Bayer AG’s Roundup herbicide despite rulings from two juries that the world’s most widely used weedkiller caused cancer in plaintiffs. Jacob Bunge, WSJ, "Despite Rulings, Farmers Remain Loyal to Bayer’s Roundup," 21 Mar. 2019 Voters in Louisiana overturned a Jim Crow-era law that allowed non-unanimous juries to convict people. Bree Newsome, SELF, "The 2018 Midterm Elections Proved That Change Must Happen from the Ground Up," 15 Nov. 2018 That was a smart decision, since 1-in-10 is a more intuitive, jury-friendly approach. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, "“Fixed mindsets” might be why we don’t understand statistics," 14 Oct. 2018 Slemp claimed that Johnson & Johnson products containing talcum powder were the reason behind her illness and a St. Louis jury ruled in her favor. Sarah Kinonen, Allure, "Johnson & Johnson Was Ordered to Pay a Record-Setting Verdict [Update]," 16 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

All submissions are reviewed by a jurying committee and acceptance notices are sent out. Courant Community, "Community News For The Valley Edition," 10 July 2018 All submissions are reviewed by a jurying committee and acceptance notices are sent out. Courant Community, "Community News For The Valley Edition," 10 July 2018 All submissions are reviewed by a jurying committee and acceptance notices are sent out. Courant Community, "Community News For The Valley Edition," 10 July 2018 All submissions are reviewed by a jurying committee and acceptance notices are sent out. Courant Community, "Community News For The Valley Edition," 10 July 2018 All submissions are reviewed by a jurying committee and acceptance notices are sent out. Courant Community, "Community News For The Valley Edition," 10 July 2018 All submissions are reviewed by a jurying committee and acceptance notices are sent out. Courant Community, "Community News For The Valley Edition," 10 July 2018 All submissions are reviewed by a jurying committee and acceptance notices are sent out. Courant Community, "Community News For The Valley Edition," 10 July 2018 All submissions are reviewed by a jurying committee and acceptance notices are sent out. Courant Community, "Community News For The Valley Edition," 26 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'jury.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of jury

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1947, in the meaning defined above

Adjective

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for jury

Noun and Verb

Middle English jure, from Anglo-French juree, from jurer to swear, from Latin jurare, from jur-, jus

Adjective

Middle English jory (in jory saile improvised sail)

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Statistics for jury

Last Updated

10 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for jury

The first known use of jury was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for jury

jury

noun

English Language Learners Definition of jury

: a group of people who are members of the public and are chosen to make a decision in a legal case
: a group of people who decide the winners in a contest

jury

noun
ju·​ry | \ ˈju̇r-ē How to pronounce jury (audio) \
plural juries

Kids Definition of jury

1 : a group of citizens chosen to hear and decide the facts of a case in a court of law
2 : a committee that judges and awards prizes (as at an exhibition)

jury

noun
ju·​ry | \ ˈju̇r-ē How to pronounce jury (audio) \
plural juries

Legal Definition of jury

: a body of individuals sworn to give a decision on some matter submitted to them especially : a body of individuals selected and sworn to inquire into a question of fact and to give their verdict according to the evidence occasionally used with a pl. verb the jury are always to decide whether the inference shall be drawn — Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. — see also advisory jury, array, grand jury, inquest, jury nullification, petit jury, special jury, trial jury, venire

Note: The jury of American and English law most likely originated in early Anglo-Norman property proceedings, where a body of 12 knights or freemen who were from the area, and usually familiar with the parties, would take an oath and answer questions put to them by a judge in order to determine property rights. Jury verdicts began to be used in felony cases in the early 1200s as the use of the trial by ordeal declined. The questions put to those early juries were usually questions of fact or mixed questions of fact and law. Modern juries may deal with questions of law in addition to questions of fact when rendering general verdicts, or in specific cases under state law. Federal juries are usually limited to dealing with questions of fact. The modern jury can vary in size depending on the proceeding but is usually made up of 6 or 12 members. According to federal law, federal grand and petit juries must be “selected at random from a fair cross-section of the community in the district or division wherein the court convenes.” State jury selection varies and occasionally differs from federal, but the states still must meet constitutional requirements for due process. The U.S. Supreme Court has stated in a series of decisions that a jury is to be composed of “peers and equals,” and that systematic exclusion of a particular class (as on the basis of gender, race, or ancestry) from a jury violates the equal protection clause and the defendant's right to a jury trial. A defendant is not, however, entitled to a jury of any particular composition.

History and Etymology for jury

Anglo-French juree, from feminine past participle of Old French jurer to swear, from Latin jurare, from jur-, jus law

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More from Merriam-Webster on jury

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with jury

Spanish Central: Translation of jury

Nglish: Translation of jury for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of jury for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about jury

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