: an obligation (such as a debt) created by the decree of a court
: a certificate evidencing such a decree
capitalized: the final judging of humankind by God
sinners awaiting Judgment
: a divine sentence or decision
specifically: a calamity held to be sent by God
believed their bad luck to be a judgment upon them
: a proposition stating something believed or asserted
Did you know?
Judgment can also be spelled judgement, and usage experts have long disagreed over which spelling is the preferred one. Henry Fowler asserted that "the OED [Oxford English Dictionary] prefers the older & more reasonable spelling. Judgement is therefore here recommended…." William Safire held an opposite opinion, writing, "My judgment is that Fowler is not to be followed on his spelling of judgement." Judgement is in fact the older spelling, but it dropped from favor and for centuries judgment was the only spelling to appear in dictionaries. That changed when the OED (Fowler's source) was published showing judgement as an equal variant. Today, judgment is more popular in the U.S., whereas both spellings make a good showing in Britain.
sense implies a reliable ability to judge and decide with soundness, prudence, and intelligence.
a choice showing good sense
common sense suggests an average degree of such ability without sophistication or special knowledge.
common sense tells me it's wrong
judgment implies sense tempered and refined by experience, training, and maturity.
they relied on her judgment for guidance
wisdom implies sense and judgment far above average.
a leader of rare wisdom
We have to make a judgment about the value of their services.
The judgment of the editors is final.
Don't rush to judgment without examining the evidence.
“Were his policies good or bad?” “I'll have to reserve judgment on that. It's too soon to know.”
Use your own best judgment.
The court granted a judgment in favor of the plaintiffs.
the judgment of the court
I won a judgment against the bank. See More
Recent Examples on the WebChris Mattei, an attorney for Sandy Hook families in that Connecticut lawsuit, said Jones will not escape monetary judgment.
Cristian Santana, NBC News, 2 Dec. 2022 But the contempt case was separate from the civil suit brought by the FTC in 2004 that led to Gettleman’s judgment order.
Jason Meisner, Chicago Tribune, 30 Nov. 2022 Was the city’s arbitration panel , not common police court, and the judge rejected that and the city is appealing that judgment, which is just prolonging the case even more.
Laura Johnston, cleveland, 29 Nov. 2022 Though third parties are mentioned, the brand admits a lack of oversight and judgment, and ultimately takes the blame.
Sam Reed, Glamour, 28 Nov. 2022 The conclusion was based on a standardized clinical measure of dementia that draws on observations of memory, judgment, personal care, and other factors by patients, family members, caregivers, and health professionals.
Bycharles Piller, science.org, 27 Nov. 2022 How dare anyone question Dr. Fauci’s expertise and judgment?
Allysia Finley, WSJ, 27 Nov. 2022 My young snap-judgment self was wrong about San Diego being too big to navigate and too amorphous to ever understand.San Diego Union-Tribune, 26 Nov. 2022 Whatever the outcome this time, Saudi Arabia seems certain to reserve judgment while buttressing its own position.
Kim Ghattas, The Atlantic, 24 Nov. 2022 See More
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'judgment.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
: a judgment in favor of a creditor for the balance of a debt that is not satisfied in full by the security
especially: such a judgment following a mortgage foreclosure
: a judgment that leaves nothing further to be done on a matter except execution
—in personam judgment
: personal judgment in this entry
—in rem judgment
: judgment in rem in this entry
—judgment as a matter of law
: a judgment rendered against a party on an issue at any time before the case is submitted to the jury on the ground that there is no legally sufficient evidentiary basis for a reasonable jury to find for the party on that issue
—judgment by default
: default judgment in this entry
—judgment in personam plural judgments in personam
: personal judgment in this entry
—judgment in rem\-in-ˈrem \ plural judgments in rem
: a judgment affecting the status of a particular thing (as an item of property) or subject matter : a judgment rendered by a court exercising in rem jurisdiction compare personal judgment in this entry
—judgment nisi plural judgments nisi
: a judgment that is not final or absoluteafter default and judgment nisi requiring them to show cause why it should not be made finalCode of Alabama
—judgment non obstante veredicto\-ˈnän-əb-ˈstan-tē-ˌver-ə-ˈdik-tō, -ˈnȯn-ȯb-ˈstän-tā-ˌvā-rā-ˈdēk-tō \ plural judgments non obstante veredictonon obstante veredicto, from Medieval Latin, notwithstanding the verdict
: judgment notwithstanding the verdict in this entry
—judgment notwithstanding the verdict
: a judgment that may be granted upon a motion by a defendant whose motion for a directed verdict was denied and that sets aside the jury's verdict in favor of a judgment in accordance with the motion for directed verdict
called alsojudgment non obstante veredicto
Note:Judgment notwithstanding the verdict has been replaced by judgment as a matter of law in federal practice.
—judgment of acquittal
: a judgment that is rendered upon motion of the defendant or the court's own motion at the close of the evidence and that acquits the defendant of one or more of the offenses charged when the evidence is insufficient to sustain a conviction
called alsodirected verdict, directed verdict of acquittal
—judgment on the merits
: a judgment made after consideration of the substantive as distinguished from procedural issues in a case
—judgment on the pleadings
: summary judgment in this entry
: a judgment directing the payment of a sum of money
: a judgment entered against a defendant who has failed to make an effective answer (as because the answer is withdrawn or does not respond to the merits of the plaintiff's case)
called alsonil dicit judgment
: a judgment determining the rights and liabilities of a particular person : a judgment rendered by a court exercising personal jurisdiction over a person compare judgment in rem in this entry
: judgment that may be granted upon a party's motion when the pleadings, discovery, and any affidavits show that there is no genuine issue of material fact and that the party is entitled to judgment in its favor as a matter of law
Under Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, summary judgment may be granted on all or on just part of a case.
: an obligation (as a debt) created by a decree of a court
collection of…automobile judgments from uninsured motoristsHarvard Law Review
also: an official document embodying such a decision or decree
: a declaration by a court of the conviction of a criminal defendant and the punishment to be imposed