depression

noun
de·​pres·​sion | \ di-ˈpre-shən How to pronounce depression (audio) , dē-\

Definition of depression

1 : an act of depressing or a state of being depressed: such as
a(1) : a state of feeling sad : dejection anger, anxiety, and depression
(2) : a mood disorder marked especially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty in thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal tendencies bouts of depression suffering from clinical depression
b(1) : a reduction in activity, amount, quality, or force a depression in trade
(2) biology : a lowering of physical or mental vitality or of functional activity
c : a pressing down : lowering a depression of the tab key
2 economics : a period of low general economic activity marked especially by rising levels of unemployment heading towards a depression periods of economic depression
3 : a place or part that is lower than the surrounding area : a depressed place or part : hollow The chicken pox left several depressions in her skin.
4 meteorology : low entry 4 sense 1b a tropical depression
5a astronomy : the angular distance of a celestial object below the horizon
b mathematics : the size of an angle of depression

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Synonyms & Antonyms for depression

Synonyms

recession, slump

Antonyms

boom

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Examples of depression in a Sentence

She has been undergoing treatment for severe depression. Many people suffer from clinical depression for years before being diagnosed. After several years of an economic boom, it looks as though we may be heading toward a depression. The photographs show depressions in the moon's surface.
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Recent Examples on the Web

According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), 322 million people worldwide live with depression. De Elizabeth, Teen Vogue, "Justin Bieber Opens Up About Mental Health on Instagram," 10 Mar. 2019 There are no hard and fast rules for picking stocks on Wall Street. Botox maker Allergan offers a prime example: the company announced Wednesday that its depression drug candidate rapastinel had failed in late stage clinical trials. Charley Grant, WSJ, "Why Allergan Shareholders Love Bad News," 9 Mar. 2019 According to The Atlantic, the time shift might be detrimental to people who suffer from seasonal affective disorder, a depression that kicks in when the seasons change. Megan Friedman, Country Living, "10 Things You Didn't Know About Daylight Saving Time," 6 Mar. 2019 The Greek economy is recovering slowly from its decadelong depression. Nektaria Stamouli, WSJ, "Greek Premier Narrowly Wins Confidence Vote," 16 Jan. 2019 According to the World Health Organization, depression is an extremely common mental health disorder affecting more than 300 million people of all ages worldwide. Jennifer Lance, Glamour, "Kate Middleton's Brother James Wrote a Powerful Essay About Mental Health," 12 Jan. 2019 At one point, her doctors at the VA had her taking 22 pills to help her sleep and quell her depression and anxiety. Julia Belluz, Vox, "More pregnant women are using marijuana. We don’t know if that’s safe.," 20 Nov. 2018 Miller's rhymes often dealt with his depression and drug use, and his fans and collaborators included some of hip-hop's biggest names. Fox News, "Autopsy performed on rapper Mac Miller, more tests needed, says LA County coroner," 10 Sep. 2018 Moreover, depression is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in cardiovascular disease patients. Nicholas Bakalar, New York Times, "Midlife Fitness May Protect Against Later Depression," 27 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'depression.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of depression

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5a

History and Etymology for depression

see depress

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Statistics for depression

Last Updated

20 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for depression

The first known use of depression was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for depression

depression

noun

Financial Definition of depression

What It Is

A depression is a sustained downturn in economic activity characterized by high unemployment, decreased output and reduced levels of trade.

How It Works

Low levels of consumer confidence during times of depression generally result in a severe drop in consumer demand and spending. This leads companies to cut costs by reducing their workforces, resulting in high unemployment and even lower consumer confidence and spending. Prices and wages spiral downward, causing more turmoil.

The Great Depression of the 1930s is the best example of the far-reaching economic and social impact a depression can have.

Why It Matters

A depression can have devastating social and economic effects. It is generally accepted that dramatic government intervention is required in order to move an economy from depression to recovery.

Source: Investing Answers

depression

noun

English Language Learners Definition of depression

: a state of feeling sad
: a serious medical condition in which a person feels very sad, hopeless, and unimportant and often is unable to live in a normal way
: a period of time in which there is little economic activity and many people do not have jobs

depression

noun
de·​pres·​sion | \ di-ˈpre-shən How to pronounce depression (audio) \

Kids Definition of depression

1 : an act of pressing down depression of the brake pedal
2 : a hollow place or part My foot made a depression in the sand.
3 : a feeling of sadness Your support eased my depression.
4 : a period of low activity in business with much unemployment

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depression

noun
de·​pres·​sion | \ di-ˈpresh-ən How to pronounce depression (audio) \

Medical Definition of depression

1 : a displacement downward or inward depression of the jaw
2 : an act of depressing or a state of being depressed: as
a(1) : a state of feeling sad
(2) : a mood disorder marked especially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty with thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal thoughts or an attempt to commit suicide
b : a reduction in functional activity, amount, quality, or force depression of autonomic function depression of red blood cells

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Comments on depression

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