depression

noun
de·​pres·​sion | \ di-ˈpre-shən How to pronounce depression (audio) , dē-\

Definition of depression

1 : an act of depressing or a state of being depressed: such as
a(1) : a state of feeling sad : dejection anger, anxiety, and depression
(2) : a mood disorder marked especially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty in thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal tendencies bouts of depression suffering from clinical depression
b(1) : a reduction in activity, amount, quality, or force a depression in trade
(2) biology : a lowering of physical or mental vitality or of functional activity
c : a pressing down : lowering a depression of the tab key
2 economics : a period of low general economic activity marked especially by rising levels of unemployment heading towards a depression periods of economic depression
3 : a place or part that is lower than the surrounding area : a depressed place or part : hollow The chicken pox left several depressions in her skin.
4 meteorology : low entry 4 sense 1b a tropical depression
5a astronomy : the angular distance of a celestial object below the horizon
b mathematics : the size of an angle of depression

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Synonyms & Antonyms for depression

Synonyms

recession, slump

Antonyms

boom

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Examples of depression in a Sentence

She has been undergoing treatment for severe depression. Many people suffer from clinical depression for years before being diagnosed. After several years of an economic boom, it looks as though we may be heading toward a depression. The photographs show depressions in the moon's surface.
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Recent Examples on the Web

But hypnotherapy, aka the clinical use of hypnosis for therapeutic benefits, is also being tapped to treat emotional health (anxiety, depression) and physical health (irritable bowel syndrome, chronic sleep issues). Cotton Codinha, Allure, "Can Hypnotherapy Actually Help Treat Pain and Anxiety?," 21 June 2019 Wilson: There are a million different songs about being alive and human and struggling and depression. Kat Jetson, Billboard, "Queercore Pioneers Team Dresch on Reuniting: 'We Just Love the Sh-t Out of Each Other'," 20 June 2019 Percy Dupra shot and killed 50-year-old Michelle Cusseaux, who suffered from bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and depression, the department created two units dedicated to mental-health cases. AZCentral.com, "Phoenix police shot at more people than NYPD did in 2018. Will that change?," 20 June 2019 This finding could help researchers unravel disorders that involve disrupted biological clocks, such as insomnia, seasonal affective disorder, and perhaps even depression. Elizabeth Pennisi, Science | AAAS, "How reindeer evolved to survive freezing Arctic winters," 20 June 2019 Sleep deprivation also increases the risk of cancer, memory loss, depression, anxiety, obesity, cancer, heart failure, and Alzheimer’s disease. Mayo Oshin, Quartzy, "Five scientifically proven ways to fall asleep faster," 19 June 2019 This is a piece of clothing that has historically been the source of so much stress, anxiety, depression, eating disorders. Teen Vogue, "Meet Kitty and Vibe, The Inclusive Swimwear Brand Creating New Sizing Metric For All Booties," 18 June 2019 Clark says her sister struggled with depression as a teen, but no one really addressed it. Sharon Cohen, The Denver Post, "AP Investigation: Many U.S. jails fail to stop inmate suicides," 18 June 2019 These foods are linked to inflammation, depression, low energy, and poor sleep – and the Whole30 plan can help to serve as a tool to help us break and replace these not-so-healthy food and drink habits. Molly Kimball, nola.com, "The do’s and don’ts of the nutrient-rich Whole 30 diet: Best of Molly Kimball," 18 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'depression.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of depression

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5a

History and Etymology for depression

see depress

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Learn More about depression

Statistics for depression

Last Updated

26 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for depression

The first known use of depression was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for depression

depression

noun

Financial Definition of depression

What It Is

A depression is a sustained downturn in economic activity characterized by high unemployment, decreased output and reduced levels of trade.

How It Works

Low levels of consumer confidence during times of depression generally result in a severe drop in consumer demand and spending. This leads companies to cut costs by reducing their workforces, resulting in high unemployment and even lower consumer confidence and spending. Prices and wages spiral downward, causing more turmoil.

The Great Depression of the 1930s is the best example of the far-reaching economic and social impact a depression can have.

Why It Matters

A depression can have devastating social and economic effects. It is generally accepted that dramatic government intervention is required in order to move an economy from depression to recovery.

Source: Investing Answers

depression

noun

English Language Learners Definition of depression

: a state of feeling sad
: a serious medical condition in which a person feels very sad, hopeless, and unimportant and often is unable to live in a normal way
: a period of time in which there is little economic activity and many people do not have jobs

depression

noun
de·​pres·​sion | \ di-ˈpre-shən How to pronounce depression (audio) \

Kids Definition of depression

1 : an act of pressing down depression of the brake pedal
2 : a hollow place or part My foot made a depression in the sand.
3 : a feeling of sadness Your support eased my depression.
4 : a period of low activity in business with much unemployment

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depression

noun
de·​pres·​sion | \ di-ˈpresh-ən How to pronounce depression (audio) \

Medical Definition of depression

1 : a displacement downward or inward depression of the jaw
2 : an act of depressing or a state of being depressed: as
a(1) : a state of feeling sad
(2) : a mood disorder marked especially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty with thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal thoughts or an attempt to commit suicide
b : a reduction in functional activity, amount, quality, or force depression of autonomic function depression of red blood cells

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Comments on depression

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