voluntary implies freedom and spontaneity of choice or action without external compulsion.
a voluntary confession
intentional stresses an awareness of an end to be achieved.
the intentional concealment of vital information
deliberate implies full consciousness of the nature of one's act and its consequences.
deliberate acts of sabotage
willing implies a readiness and eagerness to accede to or anticipate the wishes of another.
The jury deliberated for two days before reaching a verdict.
They will deliberate the question. Adjective
She spoke in a clear, deliberate manner.
He advocates a slow and deliberate approach to the problem.
Recent Examples on the Web
Twice a year, the bulletin’s science and security board, composed of experts on nuclear weapons and climate change, meets to deliberate.—Ella Feldman, Smithsonian Magazine, 24 Jan. 2023 In the simplest terms, Mia Chung has written a drama with six characters and only three actors, and the resulting double-casting (two sons play their mothers, a daughter plays her father) leads to deliberate visual and narrative slippages.—Helen Shaw, The New Yorker, 12 Nov. 2022 After Jennifer Bonjean concludes, prosecutors are expected to give about an hour of rebuttal argument, after which jurors would be formally instructed on the law and begin to deliberate.—Megan Crepeau, Chicago Tribune, 13 Sep. 2022 The meeting in Kabul was tailored along the lines of Afghanistan’s traditional Loya Jirgas — regular councils of elders, leaders and prominent figures meant to deliberate Afghan policy issues.—Rahim Faiez, BostonGlobe.com, 2 July 2022 The meeting in Kabul was tailored along the lines of Afghanistan’s traditional Loya Jirgas — regular councils of elders, leaders and prominent figures meant to deliberate Afghan policy issues.—Rahim Faiez, ajc, 2 July 2022 July 27, 2006 - Court adjourns to deliberate a verdict in the Dujail trial.—CNN, 11 Mar. 2022 On Friday, the jury deadlock became more serious when a foreman informed Furman that while 11 of the jurors had decided on a verdict, one juror refused to even deliberate or review evidence.—Daniel Kreps, Rolling Stone, 4 Feb. 2022 Nearly two years after Alex Woodworth was found stabbed to death, jurors begin to deliberate the case against Ezra McCandless.—Jamie Yuccas, CBS News, 29 Jan. 2022
On Tuesday, Suffolk District Attorney Kevin R. Hayden said the shooting appeared to have been deliberate.—John R. Ellement, BostonGlobe.com, 31 Jan. 2023 Some officials saw the decision as a deliberate attempt to aid Republicans in the midterms or to assist Russia at a moment when the United States was leading a global campaign to cut off oil revenue to weaken its position in Ukraine.—Missy Ryan, Anchorage Daily News, 26 Jan. 2023 Some officials saw the decision as a deliberate attempt to aid Republicans in the midterms or to assist Russia at a moment when the United States was leading a global campaign to cut off oil revenue to weaken its position in Ukraine.—Missy Ryan, Washington Post, 26 Jan. 2023 Otherwise, Poker Face is charmingly episodic in nature, a deliberate attempt to revive the case-of-the-week fun of its network ancestors.—A.a. Dowd, Chron, 25 Jan. 2023 But unlike last year, where Doja Cat coincidentally and without planning wore the same makeup as the models at the Balenciaga show, her Schiaparelli couture look was deliberate.—Tara Gonzalez, Harper's BAZAAR, 23 Jan. 2023 But as the media storm continues to gain traction, the royal institution and its members have still not uttered a word—a deliberate attempt to remedy their public image.—Time, 9 Jan. 2023 Ricky Arriola, a west side native and the owner of Break Bread Barber Co., said the decision to open his barber shop in Rose Park was deliberate.—Kolbie Peterson, The Salt Lake Tribune, 9 Jan. 2023 The day after the group was exposed, agency workers shredded a number of files in what still looks like a deliberate effort to cover up involvement with the terror group.—Katrin Bennhold, New York Times, 23 Dec. 2022 See More
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'deliberate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Adjective and Verb
Middle English, from Latin deliberatus, past participle of deliberare to consider carefully, perhaps alteration of *delibrare, from de- + libra scale, pound