bunyavirus

noun
bun·​ya·​vi·​rus | \ ˈbən-yə-ˌvī-rəs How to pronounce bunyavirus (audio) \

Definition of bunyavirus

: any of an order (Bunyavirales) or former family (Bunyaviridae) of usually spherical or pleomorphic single-stranded RNA viruses usually transmitted by the bite of an arthropod (such as a mosquito) or in the bodily secretions of rodents and including the hantaviruses and the causative agents of Rift Valley fever, sandfly fever, and some forms of encephalitis and hemorrhagic fever

First Known Use of bunyavirus

1973, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for bunyavirus

New Latin, from bunya- (from Bunyamwera, locale in western Uganda where the virus was isolated in 1943) + virus

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The first known use of bunyavirus was in 1973

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Last Updated

20 Jan 2021

Cite this Entry

“Bunyavirus.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/bunyavirus. Accessed 6 Mar. 2021.

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More Definitions for bunyavirus

bunyavirus

noun
bun·​ya·​vi·​rus | \ ˈbən-yə-ˌvī-rəs How to pronounce bunyavirus (audio) \

Medical Definition of bunyavirus

: any of an order (Bunyavirales) or former family (Bunyaviridae) of single-stranded RNA viruses that are spherical to pleomorphic in shape with projections of glycoprotein embedded in a surface bilayer of lipid, that are usually transmitted by the bite of an arthropod (as a mosquito) or in the bodily secretions of rodents, that infect vertebrates and arthropods, and that include the hantaviruses and the causative agents of Nairobi sheep disease, Rift Valley fever, sandfly fever, and some forms of encephalitis (as La Crosse encephalitis) and hemorrhagic fever

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