sum·​mon | \ ˈsə-mən How to pronounce summon (audio) \
summoned; summoning\ ˈsə-​mə-​niŋ How to pronounce summoning (audio) , ˈsəm-​niŋ \

Definition of summon

transitive verb

1 : to issue a call to convene : convoke
2 : to command by service of a summons to appear in court
3 : to call upon for specified action
4 : to bid to come : send for summon a physician
5 : to call forth : evoke often used with up

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Other Words from summon

summonable \ ˈsə-​mə-​nə-​bəl How to pronounce summonable (audio) \ adjective
summoner \ ˈsə-​mə-​nər How to pronounce summoner (audio) , ˈsəm-​nər \ noun

Synonyms for summon


call, hail

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Choose the Right Synonym for summon

summon, call, cite, convoke, convene, muster mean to demand the presence of. summon implies the exercise of authority. was summoned to answer charges call may be used less formally for summon. called the legislature into special session cite implies a summoning to court usually to answer a charge. cited for drunken driving convoke implies a summons to assemble for deliberative or legislative purposes. convoked a Vatican council convene is somewhat less formal than convoke. convened the students muster suggests a calling up of a number of things that form a group in order that they may be exhibited, displayed, or utilized as a whole. mustered the troops

Examples of summon in a Sentence

The queen summoned him back to the palace. without explanation, the managing editor summoned me to his office

Recent Examples on the Web

These cities need to summon the political courage to build their fair share of housing. Kathleen Ronayne, The Seattle Times, "California governor scales back high-speed train," 12 Feb. 2019 Christophe Morin/IP3/Getty Images Britain and Canada joined forces Tuesday to summon Mark Zuckerberg to a joint hearing on disinformation and fake news at a November event in London. Stavros Agorakis, Vox, "Vox Sentences: Britain and Canada want answers from Mark Zuckerberg," 1 Nov. 2018 Down, 6-1, in the ninth, the Brewers did make things interesting, forcing the Pirates to summon closer Felipe Vazquez with a run in, the bases loaded and one down. Tom Haudricourt, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Pirates 6, Brewers 3: A long stretch of games and an early-morning arrival lead to a rough loss," 12 July 2018 The bun is impressive, but the real miracle of this dish is that Kapur figured out how to summon a perfect echo of a traditional steamed bun texture from something as tough and fibrous as beef tongue. Ali Bouzari,, "Housemade: The magic of Liholiho Yacht Club," 22 June 2018 The social network’s sales depend almost entirely on ads, a model that has landed the company in a number of controversies, such as the Cambridge Analytica scandal that prompted Congress to summon Zuckerberg to give testimony in April. Kevin Kelleher, Fortune, "Facebook is Testing Subscriptions, but Only for Private Groups," 21 June 2018 Leaving her family’s home to summon authorities was terrifying, the teen said, according to Campos. Jeff Truesdell,, "House of Horrors: Teen Says She Had to Call Parents 'Mother and Father' 'Because It Was More Like the Bible'," 20 June 2018 Good thing Schnapp waited until his Will Byers performance was wrapped to summon his courage. Christie D'zurilla,, "2018 MTV Movie & TV Awards keeps the memorable moments coming," 19 June 2018 Olegário Benquerença, the referee on the night, put his whistle to his lips to summon penalties., "World Cup Countdown: 9 Days to Go - How Luis Suarez Became Football’s Ultimate Pantomime Villain," 5 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'summon.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of summon

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for summon

Middle English somnen, somonen, from Anglo-French somondre, from Vulgar Latin *summonere, alteration of Latin summonēre to remind secretly, from sub- secretly + monēre to warn — more at sub-, mind

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Statistics for summon

Last Updated

8 Apr 2019

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Time Traveler for summon

The first known use of summon was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for summon



English Language Learners Definition of summon

: to order (someone) to come to a place
: to order (someone) to appear in a court of law
: to ask for (someone or something) to come : to send or call for (someone or something)


sum·​mon | \ ˈsə-mən How to pronounce summon (audio) \
summoned; summoning

Kids Definition of summon

1 : to call or send for : convene The clerk … summoned a bellboy and handed him a key. “Take this gentleman to his room!”— E. B. White, The Trumpet of the Swan
2 : to order to appear before a court of law
3 : to call into being : arouse She tried to summon up courage.

Legal Definition of summon

: to command by service of a summons to appear in court

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More from Merriam-Webster on summon

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with summon

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for summon

Spanish Central: Translation of summon

Nglish: Translation of summon for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of summon for Arabic Speakers

Comments on summon

What made you want to look up summon? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


an act or instance of returning to life

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