summon

verb sum·mon \ ˈsə-mən \

Definition of summon

summoned; summoning play \ˈsə-mə-niŋ, ˈsəm-niŋ\
transitive verb
1 :to issue a call to convene :convoke
2 :to command by service of a summons to appear in court
3 :to call upon for specified action
4 :to bid to come :send for
  • summon a physician
5 :to call forth :evoke often used with up

summonable

play \ˈsə-mə-nə-bəl\ adjective

summoner

play \ˈsə-mə-nər, ˈsəm-nər\ noun

Examples of summon in a Sentence

  1. The queen summoned him back to the palace.

  2. without explanation, the managing editor summoned me to his office

Recent Examples of summon from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'summon.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of summon

Middle English somnen, somonen, from Anglo-French somondre, from Vulgar Latin *summonere, alteration of Latin summonēre to remind secretly, from sub- secretly + monēre to warn — more at sub-, mind

summon Synonyms

Synonyms
call, hail, send for
Related Words
cite, subpoena; assemble, call out, call up, convene, convoke, muster; ask, bid, invite; command, order, request, requisition; beckon, demand, invoke; buzz, knell, page, ring, whistle
Near Antonyms
dismiss, send (away), turn away; banish, boot (out), cast out, drum (out), eject, expel, kick out, oust, out, rout, run off, throw out, turf (out) [chiefly British]

Synonym Discussion of summon

summon, call, cite, convoke, convene, muster mean to demand the presence of. summon implies the exercise of authority.
    • was summoned to answer charges
call may be used less formally for summon.
    • called the legislature into special session
cite implies a summoning to court usually to answer a charge.
    • cited for drunken driving
convoke implies a summons to assemble for deliberative or legislative purposes.
    • convoked a Vatican council
convene is somewhat less formal than convoke.
    • convened the students
muster suggests a calling up of a number of things that form a group in order that they may be exhibited, displayed, or utilized as a whole.
    • mustered the troops


SUMMON Defined for English Language Learners

summon

verb

Definition of summon for English Language Learners

  • : to order (someone) to come to a place

  • : to order (someone) to appear in a court of law

  • : to ask for (someone or something) to come : to send or call for (someone or something)


SUMMON Defined for Kids

summon

verb sum·mon \ ˈsə-mən \

Definition of summon for Students

summoned; summoning
1 :to call or send for :convene
  • The clerk … summoned a bellboy and handed him a key. “Take this gentleman to his room!”
  • —E. B. White, The Trumpet of the Swan
2 :to order to appear before a court of law
3 :to call into being :arouse
  • She tried to summon up courage.

Law Dictionary

summon

transitive verb sum·mon

legal Definition of summon

:to command by service of a summons to appear in court


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