substitute

noun
sub·​sti·​tute | \ ˈsəb-stə-ˌtüt How to pronounce substitute (audio) , -ˌtyüt \

Definition of substitute

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a person or thing that takes the place or function of another

substitute

verb
substituted; substituting

Definition of substitute (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1a : to put or use in the place of another
b : to introduce (an atom or group) as a substituent also : to alter (something, such as a compound) by introduction of a substituent a substituted benzene ring
2 : to take the place of : replace

intransitive verb

: to serve as a substitute

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Other Words from substitute

Noun

substitute adjective

Examples of substitute in a Sentence

Noun you'll be getting a substitute until your regular teacher is feeling better if you like, you can use nuts as a substitute for coconut in that recipe Verb One of our teachers is sick, so we need someone to substitute. They substituted real candles with electric ones.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun But secondments aren’t a substitute for a standing army, says Mike Reid, an assistant professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco who has trained more than 4,000 tracers for California’s health departments. Simon Montlake, The Christian Science Monitor, "As US cases soar, 'coronavirus detectives' face new strain," 8 July 2020 Rohde, the substitute teacher, provides an example. Erin Douglas, ExpressNews.com, "Texas seeks millions from unemployed workers after state ‘overpaid’ benefits," 6 July 2020 Adams created Mimi's Fresh Tees about two and a half years ago after a substitute teacher at her son's school accused him of hitting another child. oregonlive, "Portland mother and daughter duo create Black Lives Matter T-shirts," 29 June 2020 Regular milk and a splash of white vinegar or lemon juice is a good substitute. USA Today, "Cooking during coronavirus? Best substitutes for recipe ingredients such as milk, eggs or oil," 2 June 2020 In the 70th minute, second-half substitute Rocky Rodriguez cut around a Reign defender and fired from the top of the box. oregonlive, "Portland Thorns draw OL Reign, make path in NWSL Challenge Cup tougher," 14 July 2020 Note: For a richer taste, substitute full cream in place of half and half. Luann Gibbs, The Enquirer, "How to make ice cream with no ice cream maker 🍦🍨," 10 July 2020 Storytelling perhaps becomes a vicarious substitute for adventure. Tim Parks, The New York Review of Books, "The Novels of Tension Between Freedom and Disaster," 10 July 2020 There’s an emerging argument that maybe there could be a direct substitute for fossil natural gas in the form of renewable natural gas (RNG) – a renewable fuel designed to be nearly indistinguishable from fossil natural gas. Emily Grubert, The Conversation, "‘Renewable’ natural gas may sound green, but it’s not an antidote for climate change," 6 July 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Once her children got older, Wiedyke turned to substitute teaching and tutoring. Brendel Hightower, Detroit Free Press, "Margaret Wiedyke from Beverly Hills died of COVID-19 related complications," 12 July 2020 Cafeterias, gyms, and other large spaces may substitute for classroom space in order to space out desks and limit the number of students in one classroom. Cassidy Morrison, Washington Examiner, "New York City plans hybrid school reopening with students remote several days a week," 8 July 2020 Trump’s desire to make the Black Lives Matter protests substitute for the one thing his presidency has lacked—his very own war. Fintan O’toole, The New York Review of Books, "The Unpresident and the Unredeemed Promise," 12 June 2020 In a new report, Goldman Sachs says a national face mask mandate could substitute for lockdowns that otherwise would subtract nearly 5% from U.S. gross domestic product. Paul Davidson, USA TODAY, "Will infections spike, state reopening rollbacks hurt recovery or spur a new recession?," 1 July 2020 The move comes as Americans have been forced by gym closures to work out at home during the pandemic, and even substitute their young children for kettlebells. CBS News, "Lululemon buys at-home exercise startup Mirror for $500 million," 30 June 2020 While everyone who has been exposed to these products should seek treatment, the FDA says children who accidentally ingest the sanitizers or young people who drink them to substitute alcohol are more at risk of poisoning. Madeleine Carlisle, Time, "FDA Warns These 9 Hand Sanitizers Could Be Toxic," 23 June 2020 On later missions, the astronauts shot scenes in 3D and used high-definition digital cameras to substitute for the much larger film models. Robert Z. Pearlman, Ars Technica, "Everything we know—and don’t—about Tom Cruise’s plans to film a movie in space," 18 June 2020 Some lack adequate or quiet space to substitute as their classroom. Robert Romanzi, Scientific American, "Keeping Schools Closed Next Fall Could Worsen Science's Diversity Problem," 14 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'substitute.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of substitute

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Verb

15th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1a

History and Etymology for substitute

Noun

Middle English, from Anglo-French substitut, from Latin substitutus, past participle of substituere to put in place of, from sub- + statuere to set up, place — more at statute

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Time Traveler for substitute

Time Traveler

The first known use of substitute was in the 14th century

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Statistics for substitute

Last Updated

30 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Substitute.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/substitute. Accessed 6 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for substitute

substitute

noun
How to pronounce substitute (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of substitute

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a person or thing that takes the place of someone or something else
sports : a player who takes the place of another player during a game

substitute

verb

English Language Learners Definition of substitute (Entry 2 of 2)

: to put or use (someone or something) in place of someone or something else
: to do the job of someone else or serve the function of something else
: to replace (one person or thing) with another

substitute

noun
sub·​sti·​tute | \ ˈsəb-stə-ˌtüt How to pronounce substitute (audio) , -ˌtyüt \

Kids Definition of substitute

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a person or thing that takes the place of another

substitute

verb
substituted; substituting

Kids Definition of substitute (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : to put in the place of another
2 : to take the place of another Honey can substitute for sugar in the recipe.

substitute

noun
sub·​sti·​tute | \ ˈsəb-stə-ˌt(y)üt How to pronounce substitute (audio) \

Medical Definition of substitute

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a person or thing that takes the place or function of another father and mother substitutes

Other Words from substitute

substitute adjective

substitute

transitive verb
substituted; substituting

Medical Definition of substitute (Entry 2 of 2)

: to put or use in the place of another: as
a : to introduce (an atom or group) as a substituent
b : to alter (as a compound) by introduction of a substituent

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Comments on substitute

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