Definition of absolute
1a : free from imperfection : perfect … it is a most absolute and excellent horse. — William Shakespeareb : free or relatively free from mixture : pure absolute alcoholc : outright, unmitigated an absolute lie
2 : being, governed by, or characteristic of a ruler or authority completely free from constitutional or other restraint absolute power
3 : having no restriction, exception, or qualification an absolute requirement absolute freedom
5a : independent of arbitrary standards of measurementb : relating to or derived in the simplest manner from the fundamental units of length, mass, and time absolute electric unitsc : relating to, measured on, or being a temperature scale based on absolute zero absolute temperature; specifically : kelvin 10° absolute
7 : perfectly embodying the nature of a thing absolute justice
8 grammar a : standing apart from a normal or usual syntactical relation with other words or sentence elements the absolute construction this being the case in the sentence “this being the case, let us go”b of an adjective or possessive pronoun : standing alone without a modified substantive Blind in “help the blind” and ours in “your work and ours” are absolute.c of a verb : having no object in the particular construction under consideration though normally transitive Kill in “if looks could kill” is an absolute verb.
Examples of absolute in a Sentence
You can't predict the future with absolute certainty.
I have absolute faith in her ability to get the job done.
He swore an oath of absolute secrecy.
When it comes to using computers, I'm an absolute beginner.
The country is ruled by an absolute dictator.
The country is an absolute monarchy.
Recent Examples of absolute from the Web
At the end of the day, that is my job and my goal as a coach and educator — encourage students to be good citizens, good leaders, good followers, question the process, give their absolute best and don’t give up.
Four days after announcing the policy, May reversed it, promising a new absolute limit on the amount anyone would be asked to pay for their care in old age.
In Trump's White House, aides serve a president who demands absolute loyalty - but who does not always offer the same in return.
In Trump’s White House, aides serve a president who demands absolute loyalty — but who does not always offer the same in return.
But the president’s power over immigration is not absolute, and several lower courts have prevented Trump from putting in place a temporary ban on travel to the U.S. by residents of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen.
Greatest-ever titles rarely enjoy absolute consensus, of course.
While the motives of the humpbacks cannot be stated with absolute certainty, similar incidents observed in regions around the world have led scientists to believe the whales may be acting altruistically and protecting other whales from orca attacks.
Every single role is different, but for me there is an absolute unifying base note at the heart of it, which is the power of the imagination.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'absolute'. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Origin and Etymology of absolute
Middle English absolut, borrowed from Latin absolūtus, from past participle of absolvere “to set free, acquit, finish, complete” — more at absolve
First Known Use: 14th century
ABSOLUTE Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of absolute for English Language Learners
: complete and total
: not limited in any way
: having unlimited power
ABSOLUTE Defined for Kids
Medical Definition of absolute
1: pure or relatively free from mixture absolute methanol
2: relating to, measured on, or being a temperature scale based on absolute zero absolute temperature
Legal Definition of absolute
1a : free from qualification, condition, exception, or restriction rights that even seem absolute have these qualifications — Long v. Rockwood, 277 U.S. 142 (1928) — see also absolute ownership at ownership — compare qualified b in the civil law of Louisiana : having or allowing no legal effect an absolute impediment
2 : final and not liable to modification —sometimes used after the word it modifies divorce absolute — compare nisi
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