sovereign

noun
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsä-v(ə-)rən How to pronounce sovereign (audio) , -vərn also ˈsə-\
variants: or less commonly sovran

Definition of sovereign

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : one possessing or held to possess supreme political power or sovereignty
b : one that exercises supreme authority within a limited sphere
c : an acknowledged leader : arbiter
2 : any of various gold coins of the United Kingdom

sovereign

adjective
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsä-v(ə-)rən How to pronounce sovereign (audio) , -vərn also ˈsə-\
variants: or less commonly sovran

Definition of sovereign (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : superlative in quality
b : of the most exalted kind : supreme sovereign virtue
c : having generalized curative powers a sovereign remedy
d : of an unqualified nature : unmitigated sovereign contempt
e : having undisputed ascendancy : paramount
2a : possessed of supreme power a sovereign ruler
b : unlimited in extent : absolute
c : enjoying autonomy : independent sovereign states
3 : relating to, characteristic of, or befitting a supreme ruler : royal a sovereign right

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Other Words from sovereign

Adjective

sovereignly adverb

Choose the Right Synonym for sovereign

Adjective

free, independent, sovereign, autonomous mean not subject to the rule or control of another. free stresses the complete absence of external rule and the full right to make all of one's own decisions. you're free to do as you like independent implies a standing alone; applied to a state it implies lack of connection with any other having power to interfere with its citizens, laws, or policies. the colony's struggle to become independent sovereign stresses the absence of a superior power and implies supremacy within a thing's own domain or sphere. separate and sovereign armed services autonomous stresses independence in matters pertaining to self-government. in this denomination each congregation is regarded as autonomous

Sovereign Power

Adjective

Sovereign has everything to do with power. It often describes a person who has supreme power or authority, such as a king or queen. God is described as "sovereign" in a number of Bible translations. In addition to describing ones who have power, the word sovereign also often describes power: to have sovereign power is to have absolute power—that is, power that cannot be checked by anyone or anything. Nations and states are also sometimes described as "sovereign." This means that they have power over themselves; their government is under their own control, rather than under the control of an outside authority.

Sovereign can also be a synonym of supreme as in "of the most exalted kind." In that case, the power is figurative rather than literal.

Examples of sovereign in a Sentence

Noun

Ricky Martin, sovereign of Latin pop culture, is back. — Raquel Cepeda, Vibe, May 1999 During these two centuries the throne of Scotland was occupied by no more than seven sovereigns of only four different generations. — G. W. S. Barrow, The Anglo-Norman Era In Scottish History, 1980 after the current sovereign dies, the monarchy may be abolished

Adjective

Local officials and a huge and enthusiastic crowd greeted Napoleon at the Portoferraio harbor. The Allies had granted him the title of Emperor of Elba, which was to be a sovereign state under his jurisdiction. — David Pryce-Jones, National Review, 4 July 2005 If Cleopatra VII used her own personality more like Elizabeth I than Elizabeth II, she seems to have had the latter Elizabeth's sovereign sense of duty—as well as her fertility: With a dispatch usually associated with the gods, Cleopatra bore Caesar a son called Caesarion—"little Caesar"—in 47 B.C.E., the year after they met (she was twenty-one, he fifty-two). — Ingrid D. Rowland, New Republic, 1 & 8 April 2002 the sovereign power of a king The government's sovereign duty is to protect the rights of its citizens.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Blanca’s House of Evangelista faced off against Elektra (Dominique Jackson), the ferocious sovereign of the House of Abundance, at balls emceed by the designer and community linchpin Pray Tell (Billy Porter). Sophie Gilbert, The Atlantic, "Pose Lets In the Light," 12 June 2019 At the time, the sovereign's son, the Duke of York (who'd later become King George VI), married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Koenig writes on Royal Musings. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Why Meghan Markle's Occupation Is "Princess of the United Kingdom" on Archie's Birth Certificate," 17 May 2019 Ferdinand—a first cousin of the U.K.’s Queen Victoria and her own German husband, Prince Albert —was known as a liberal-minded sovereign with an artistic bent. J. S. Marcus, WSJ, "When Home Is a Portuguese Bachelor Pad Fit for a King," 25 July 2018 The title of the Prince of Wales is usually given to the heir apparent, the sovereign's eldest son. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kate Middleton, Meghan Markle, Prince William, and Prince Harry Gather in Buckingham Palace," 5 Mar. 2019 The current sovereign reportedly inherited the piece in 2002, according to Her Majesty's Jewel Vault, but she hasn't been seen wearing it in public. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kate Middleton's Diamond and Pearl Necklace Is Seriously Historic," 23 Oct. 2018 Because alien parents owe allegiance to a different sovereign, the argument goes, their children have no right to citizenship. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "Rewriting the Fourteenth Amendment," 30 Oct. 2018 Indeed, according to the official Duchy of Lancaster's website, the reigning sovereign has held the specific title of Duke of Lancaster (never the Duchess of Lancaster) since 1399. Caroline Hallemann, Town & Country, "The Centuries-Old Reason Why Queen Elizabeth Is Also Known as the Duke of Lancaster," 27 Nov. 2018 But the Saudi sovereign has a double-pronged mandate to both increase wealth and create new industries that will boost the government’s non-oil revenues. Rory Jones, WSJ, "In Rare Step, Saudi’s Sovereign-Wealth Fund Raises $11 Billion Loan," 17 Sep. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

SoFi just raised $500 million last month in a round led by the Qatari sovereign wealth fund. Theodore Schleifer, Vox, "Why SoFi would be interested in buying naming rights to the LA football stadium," 11 June 2019 What it’s done is attracted a lot more other late-stage capital — whether that’s from sovereign wealth funds or mutual funds or even private equity funds. Polina Marinova, Fortune, "Scott Kupor Demystifies the Venture Capital Funding Process In New Book," 4 June 2019 The Qatari sovereign wealth fund bought the hotel in 2013, and it is controlled by Constellation Hotels, which is owned by Qatar Holding. Justin Rohrlich, Quartz, "US taxpayers are spending millions so Trump’s adult children can meet the Queen," 3 June 2019 Uber’s investors include Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund, which has a $3.5 billion stake in the ride-sharing app. Fay Abuelgasim, The Seattle Times, "Uber acquires Mideast competitor Careem for $3.1 billion," 26 Mar. 2019 On April 1, Chinese sovereign debt will enter the Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate Bond Index, a benchmark for portfolio managers world-wide. Nathaniel Taplin, WSJ, "China’s Bond Market Comes of Age—Sort of," 29 Mar. 2019 In 2016, a UN tribunal supported the Philippines that China had violated its sovereign rights in the South China Sea. David Hambling, Popular Mechanics, "What You Need to Know About the South China Sea, the World's Next Hot Spot," 27 Feb. 2019 According to the 1917 Letter’s Patent decreed by King George V, only grandchildren of the sovereign receive royal titles—not great-grandchildren. Julie Kosin, Harper's BAZAAR, "Royal Baby Archie Could Have a Prince Title Someday—But There's a Catch," 8 May 2019 And Facebook must answer to the regulators of other powerful sovereign governments, that of the United States and others around the world. Henry Farrell, Margaret Levi, Vox, "Mark Zuckerberg runs a nation-state, and he’s the king," 9 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sovereign.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sovereign

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for sovereign

Noun

Middle English soverain, from Anglo-French soverein, from soverein, adjective — see sovereign entry 2

Adjective

Middle English soverain, from Anglo-French soverein, from Vulgar Latin *superanus, from Latin super over, above — more at over

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Learn More about sovereign

Dictionary Entries near sovereign

sov

SOV

sovenance

sovereign

sovereignty

Sovetsk

Sovetskaya Gavan'

Statistics for sovereign

Last Updated

18 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for sovereign

The first known use of sovereign was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for sovereign

sovereign

noun

English Language Learners Definition of sovereign

 (Entry 1 of 2)

formal : a king or queen
: a British gold coin that was used in the past

sovereign

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of sovereign (Entry 2 of 2)

formal
: having unlimited power or authority
: not limited
: having independent authority and the right to govern itself

sovereign

noun
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsä-və-rən How to pronounce sovereign (audio) , ˈsä-vrən\

Kids Definition of sovereign

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a person (as a king or queen) having the highest power and authority
2 : an old British gold coin

sovereign

adjective

Kids Definition of sovereign (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : highest in power or authority a sovereign ruler
2 : having independent authority a sovereign state
3 : of the most important kind a sovereign duty

sovereign

adjective
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsäv-(ə-)rən How to pronounce sovereign (audio) \

Medical Definition of sovereign

: having generalized curative powers a sovereign remedy

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sovereign

noun
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsä-vrən, ˈsə-, -və-rən\

Legal Definition of sovereign

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a person or political entity (as a nation or state) possessing or held to possess sovereignty the doctrine that a sovereign could not be sued without its consent was universal in the States when the Constitution was draftedAlden v. Maine, 527 U.S. 706 (1999) — see also sovereign immunity at immunity

sovereign

adjective

Legal Definition of sovereign (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : having supreme power a sovereign ruler
2 : enjoying autonomy sovereign states
3 : relating to, characteristic of, or befitting a sovereign

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