sovereign

noun
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsä-v(ə-)rən How to pronounce sovereign (audio) , -vərn also ˈsə-\
variants: or less commonly sovran

Definition of sovereign

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : one possessing or held to possess supreme political power or sovereignty
b : one that exercises supreme authority within a limited sphere
c : an acknowledged leader : arbiter
2 : any of various gold coins of the United Kingdom

sovereign

adjective
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsä-v(ə-)rən How to pronounce sovereign (audio) , -vərn also ˈsə-\
variants: or less commonly sovran

Definition of sovereign (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : superlative in quality
b : of the most exalted kind : supreme sovereign virtue
c : having generalized curative powers a sovereign remedy
d : of an unqualified nature : unmitigated sovereign contempt
e : having undisputed ascendancy : paramount
2a : possessed of supreme power a sovereign ruler
b : unlimited in extent : absolute
c : enjoying autonomy : independent sovereign states
3 : relating to, characteristic of, or befitting a supreme ruler : royal a sovereign right

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Other Words from sovereign

Adjective

sovereignly adverb

Choose the Right Synonym for sovereign

Adjective

free, independent, sovereign, autonomous mean not subject to the rule or control of another. free stresses the complete absence of external rule and the full right to make all of one's own decisions. you're free to do as you like independent implies a standing alone; applied to a state it implies lack of connection with any other having power to interfere with its citizens, laws, or policies. the colony's struggle to become independent sovereign stresses the absence of a superior power and implies supremacy within a thing's own domain or sphere. separate and sovereign armed services autonomous stresses independence in matters pertaining to self-government. in this denomination each congregation is regarded as autonomous

Sovereign Power

Adjective

Sovereign has everything to do with power. It often describes a person who has supreme power or authority, such as a king or queen. God is described as "sovereign" in a number of Bible translations. In addition to describing ones who have power, the word sovereign also often describes power: to have sovereign power is to have absolute power—that is, power that cannot be checked by anyone or anything. Nations and states are also sometimes described as "sovereign." This means that they have power over themselves; their government is under their own control, rather than under the control of an outside authority.

Sovereign can also be a synonym of supreme as in "of the most exalted kind." In that case, the power is figurative rather than literal.

Examples of sovereign in a Sentence

Noun

Ricky Martin, sovereign of Latin pop culture, is back. — Raquel Cepeda, Vibe, May 1999 During these two centuries the throne of Scotland was occupied by no more than seven sovereigns of only four different generations. — G. W. S. Barrow, The Anglo-Norman Era In Scottish History, 1980 after the current sovereign dies, the monarchy may be abolished

Adjective

Local officials and a huge and enthusiastic crowd greeted Napoleon at the Portoferraio harbor. The Allies had granted him the title of Emperor of Elba, which was to be a sovereign state under his jurisdiction. — David Pryce-Jones, National Review, 4 July 2005 If Cleopatra VII used her own personality more like Elizabeth I than Elizabeth II, she seems to have had the latter Elizabeth's sovereign sense of duty—as well as her fertility: With a dispatch usually associated with the gods, Cleopatra bore Caesar a son called Caesarion—"little Caesar"—in 47 B.C.E., the year after they met (she was twenty-one, he fifty-two). — Ingrid D. Rowland, New Republic, 1 & 8 April 2002 the sovereign power of a king The government's sovereign duty is to protect the rights of its citizens.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

For more than 250 years, the sovereign has celebrated his or her birthday alongside the military parade. Karla Adam, Washington Post, "Queen Elizabeth II, master of soft power, celebrates her 93rd birthday with a massive parade," 8 June 2019 Longer term, the reputational harm to Goldman may result in fewer mandates for business in Southeast Asia and from emerging-market sovereign and semi-sovereign issuers world-wide. Aaron Back, WSJ, "Goldman Wakes Up to 1MDB Reckoning," 17 Nov. 2018 At the time of the Fifth Amendment’s adoption, an offense was understood to be a wrong defined under the law of a particular sovereign; therefore, if there are two sovereigns, and the same act violates the laws of each, there are two offenses. Andrew C. Mccarthy, National Review, "The Supreme Court Was Right to Uphold the Dual-Sovereignty Doctrine," 19 June 2019 Imagine trying to explain the Court’s separate sovereigns rule to a criminal defendant, then or now. WSJ, "Notable & Quotable: Gorsuch Dissents in Gamble," 18 June 2019 But long before that, some critics have questioned the separate sovereigns doctrine. al.com, "Supreme Court rules in Alabama double jeopardy case with possible Manafort ramifications," 17 June 2019 That rule applies because state and federal governments are separate sovereigns. Richard Wolf, USA TODAY, "Supreme Court upholds 'double jeopardy' standard that could blunt impact of potential Trump pardons," 17 June 2019 Blanca’s House of Evangelista faced off against Elektra (Dominique Jackson), the ferocious sovereign of the House of Abundance, at balls emceed by the designer and community linchpin Pray Tell (Billy Porter). Sophie Gilbert, The Atlantic, "Pose Lets In the Light," 12 June 2019 At the time, the sovereign's son, the Duke of York (who'd later become King George VI), married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Koenig writes on Royal Musings. Erica Gonzales, Harper's BAZAAR, "Why Meghan Markle's Occupation Is "Princess of the United Kingdom" on Archie's Birth Certificate," 17 May 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

In 2012, Singapore’s sovereign wealth fund bought 101 California St. for $851 million. Roland Li, SFChronicle.com, "Levi’s Plaza sold for over $800 million," 30 July 2019 Turkey’s dollar bonds dropped to three-week lows on the news of the delivery, while the cost of insuring exposure to Turkish sovereign debt also rose. Reuters, The Mercury News, "Turkey takes delivery of Russia missile defense system," 12 July 2019 Palihapitiya started evaluating Virgin Galactic as an acquisition target nine months ago, after the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi caused the company to back away from a $1-billion deal with Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund. Miles Kruppa, latimes.com, "With Virgin Galactic deal, a former Facebook star is back in the spotlight," 12 July 2019 This reasoning also reflects in the worrying proposal to increase borrowings from abroad, justifying it on the grounds that India’s sovereign debt is low. Rahul Menon, Quartz India, "The Modi government wants a $5 trillion economy by 2024, but has done little to back it," 8 July 2019 Local banks, which have loaded up on the sovereign debt in recent quarters, hold more government bonds than their counterparts in other major European economies. Avantika Chilkoti, WSJ, "Big Bond Rally Boosts Italian Banks," 5 July 2019 Once a center of religious power, Thônis-Heracleion contained the temple where all the new Pharaohs had to go to receive the titles of their power as the universal sovereign from the God Amun, the statement added. Fox News, "Mysterious destroyed temple and treasure discovered in underwater 'Egyptian Atlantis'," 25 July 2019 With no legitimate basis for such a seizure, Iran is committing an act of aggression against a sovereign vessel that, in theory, could be met with an aggressive response. Sam Kiley, CNN, "Iran's gamble on a tanker seizure will end its credit -- even among friends," 20 July 2019 The most promising option presented itself in 2015 when the Dry Creek Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians suggested the restaurant be built on undeveloped sovereign land just below its River Rock Casino. Carolyn Jung, SFChronicle.com, "Cyrus in Healdsburg will not reopen, chef-owner Douglas Keane says," 9 July 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sovereign.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sovereign

Noun

13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for sovereign

Noun

Middle English soverain, from Anglo-French soverein, from soverein, adjective — see sovereign entry 2

Adjective

Middle English soverain, from Anglo-French soverein, from Vulgar Latin *superanus, from Latin super over, above — more at over

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Learn More about sovereign

Dictionary Entries near sovereign

sov

SOV

sovenance

sovereign

sovereignty

Sovetsk

Sovetskaya Gavan'

Statistics for sovereign

Last Updated

13 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for sovereign

The first known use of sovereign was in the 13th century

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More Definitions for sovereign

sovereign

noun

English Language Learners Definition of sovereign

 (Entry 1 of 2)

formal : a king or queen
: a British gold coin that was used in the past

sovereign

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of sovereign (Entry 2 of 2)

formal
: having unlimited power or authority
: not limited
: having independent authority and the right to govern itself

sovereign

noun
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsä-və-rən How to pronounce sovereign (audio) , ˈsä-vrən\

Kids Definition of sovereign

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a person (as a king or queen) having the highest power and authority
2 : an old British gold coin

sovereign

adjective

Kids Definition of sovereign (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : highest in power or authority a sovereign ruler
2 : having independent authority a sovereign state
3 : of the most important kind a sovereign duty

sovereign

adjective
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsäv-(ə-)rən How to pronounce sovereign (audio) \

Medical Definition of sovereign

: having generalized curative powers a sovereign remedy

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sovereign

noun
sov·​er·​eign | \ ˈsä-vrən, ˈsə-, -və-rən\

Legal Definition of sovereign

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a person or political entity (as a nation or state) possessing or held to possess sovereignty the doctrine that a sovereign could not be sued without its consent was universal in the States when the Constitution was draftedAlden v. Maine, 527 U.S. 706 (1999) — see also sovereign immunity at immunity

sovereign

adjective

Legal Definition of sovereign (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : having supreme power a sovereign ruler
2 : enjoying autonomy sovereign states
3 : relating to, characteristic of, or befitting a sovereign

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Comments on sovereign

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