\ ˈsləmp How to pronounce slump (audio) \
slumped; slumping; slumps

Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to fall or sink suddenly
b : to drop or slide down suddenly : collapse
2 : to assume a drooping posture or carriage : slouch
3 : to go into a slump sales slumped



Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : a marked or sustained decline especially in economic activity or prices
b : a period of poor or losing play by a team or individual
2 : a downward slide of a mass of rock or land

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Synonyms & Antonyms for slump

Synonyms: Noun

depression, recession

Antonyms: Noun


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Examples of slump in a Sentence


She fainted and slumped to the floor. Exhausted, he slumped down into the chair. His shoulders slumped forward in disappointment. Real estate prices slumped during the recession.


The economy's been in a slump since last year. They've been in a slump ever since they traded their best player. He's in a batting slump.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Finally, she was ushered into a consultation room where her son sat slumped in a metal chair, exhausted. Adam O’fallon Price, Harper's magazine, "The Maid’s Story," 10 June 2019 The economy expanded at a healthy 3.1% annual rate in the January-March quarter, but the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta estimates that annual growth will slump to just 1.5% in the April-June quarter. Christopher Rugaber, Anchorage Daily News, "US hiring slows amid trade tensions and weaker global economy," 7 June 2019 All of May's construction gains came from a 62 percent jump in the Midwest, while building slumped in the Northeast, South and West. Josh Boak, Fox News, "US housing starts jumped 5 pct. in May off Midwest building," 19 June 2018 In the final scene, from January, Carol is slumped over in her chair. Hal Boedeker,, "'60 Minutes' charts Alzheimer's devastation over decade," 19 Apr. 2018 While currency devaluations such as this are sometimes tied to issues such as a trade imbalance or slumping oil prices, Iran's non-oil imports in 2017 were $47 billion, with oil sales at $55 billion, leaving a currency surplus of $17 billion. Sean Savage, Jewish Journal, "Iran's plummeting currency reflects country's economic, military concerns," 17 Apr. 2018 Many wear running shoes, but some are barefoot, and almost all have slumped posture and unstylish haircuts. Alexander George, Popular Mechanics, "Behind the Scenes at the Most Important Hackathon on Earth," 20 Nov. 2015 That outpaced inflation, but mainly because petrol prices slumped in 2014. The Economist, "Worker shortages could heal America’s economy," 12 July 2018 Excerpts of the Facebook Live video show the victim with his mouth taped shut slumped in a corner as at least two assailants cut off his sweatshirt and others taunt him off camera. Crimesider Staff, CBS News, "Man sentenced for hate crime in live-streamed beating of mentally disabled teen," 6 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Syndergaad, who’s been in a mini-slump and had not won a game since May 14, didn’t mess around. Patrick Saunders, The Denver Post, "Rockies dominated by Mets’ Noah Syndergaard in 6-1 loss," 9 June 2019 But following that banner year, tourism is now in a slump. Chris Isidore, CNN, "This is why America's travel business is worried," 7 June 2019 Advertising Stephen Piscotty, in a 1-for-19 slump, was dropped from third to sixth in Oakland’s batting order. Stephen Hawkins, The Seattle Times, "Khris Davis hits MLB-best 10th homer, A’s rally past Texas," 12 Apr. 2019 In August, as Jessica and the kids prepared to go back to New York for school, Beltrán’s slump deepened. Ben Reiter,, "Why Carlos Beltrán Was the Perfect Addition to Aid the Astros' Journey to the World Series," 9 July 2018 But the housing market hasn’t escaped a recent nationwide slump due to higher mortgage rates and a lack of affordable options for first-time buyers. WSJ, "Over 250,000 Votes Later, Hawaii Villa Emerges as the House of the Year," 24 Jan. 2019 Even with a recent slump, Machado is batting .312 with a .971 OPS and 18 home runs to lead the Orioles in every major category. Jon Meoli,, "With Machado out sick and Britton back for trade showcase, Orioles return home to find future inevitable," 11 June 2018 Investors haven't hesitated to buy the same types of stocks that did well before the market's recent slump, including technology companies and banks. Marley Jay, Houston Chronicle, "Stocks stretch winning streak to 6 days despite turbulence," 16 Feb. 2018 The good news for MU was that Rowsey found his way out of a recent slump. Ben Steele, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "St. John's 86, Marquette 78: Golden Eagles torched by Ponds' 44 points," 10 Feb. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'slump.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of slump


circa 1677, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1887, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for slump


probably imitative

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Statistics for slump

Last Updated

18 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for slump

The first known use of slump was circa 1677

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More Definitions for slump



English Language Learners Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to sit or fall down suddenly and heavily
: to move down or forward suddenly
: to decrease suddenly and by a large amount



English Language Learners Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden decrease in prices, value, amount, etc.
: a period of time when an economy is doing poorly
US, sports : a period of time when a team or player is doing poorly


\ ˈsləmp How to pronounce slump (audio) \
slumped; slumping

Kids Definition of slump

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to drop or slide down suddenly : collapse The tired woman slumped into a chair.
2 : slouch entry 2 Don't slump when you walk.
3 : to drop sharply Sales slumped.



Kids Definition of slump (Entry 2 of 2)

: a big or continued drop especially in prices, business, or performance

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More from Merriam-Webster on slump

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with slump

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for slump

Spanish Central: Translation of slump

Nglish: Translation of slump for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of slump for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about slump

Comments on slump

What made you want to look up slump? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


incapable of being surmounted or overcome

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