serotype

noun
se·​ro·​type | \ ˈsir-ə-ˌtīp How to pronounce serotype (audio) , ˈser- \

Definition of serotype

: a group of intimately related microorganisms distinguished by a common set of antigens also : the set of antigens characteristic of such a group

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Examples of serotype in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The highly contagious illness is caused by rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus serotype two. Mica Soellner, Washington Examiner, "New viral outbreak killing thousands of wild rabbits," 19 May 2020 Given as two drops into a child’s mouth, OPV for decades contained a mix of three weakened polio viruses, one for each of the three wild serotypes that have long plagued humanity. Leslie Roberts, Science | AAAS, "Polio eradication program faces hard choices as endgame strategy fails," 30 Dec. 2019 The rate of infections in participants dropped 97.7 percent for the dengue 2 serotype. Nina Kravinsky, Smithsonian, "New Dengue Vaccine Looks Promising, but Major Hurdles Remain," 8 Nov. 2019 But no approach has effectively combatted all four varieties—or serotypes—of the virus. Kelly Servick, Science | AAAS, "Genetically engineered mosquitoes resist spreading any form of dengue," 16 Jan. 2020 In the blood of a person who had been infected with dengue multiple times, researchers at Vanderbilt University found an antibody that could strongly bind to all four dengue serotypes and prevent them from infecting new cells. Kelly Servick, Science | AAAS, "Genetically engineered mosquitoes resist spreading any form of dengue," 16 Jan. 2020 Further Reading The poop of 100K cows may be to blame for that deadly romaine E. coli outbreak Like in other outbreaks, the contaminant in this case is a pathogenic E. coli, Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7, to be precise. Beth Mole, Ars Technica, "Poopy lettuce strikes again, sickening 67 with E. coli-tainted romaine," 27 Nov. 2019 Dengue is a complex disease and experts have long worried that developing a vaccine that could safely protect against all four serotypes could be very difficult. Helen Branswell, STAT, "New data on Takeda’s dengue vaccine look promising, but with troubling exception," 23 Nov. 2019 The fourth serotype wasn’t present in enough cases to get conclusive results. Nina Kravinsky, Smithsonian, "New Dengue Vaccine Looks Promising, but Major Hurdles Remain," 8 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'serotype.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of serotype

1946, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for serotype

sero- + type entry 1

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Time Traveler for serotype

Time Traveler

The first known use of serotype was in 1946

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Statistics for serotype

Last Updated

2 Jun 2020

Cite this Entry

“Serotype.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/serotype. Accessed 14 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for serotype

serotype

noun
se·​ro·​type | \ ˈsir-ə-ˌtīp How to pronounce serotype (audio) , ˈser- How to pronounce serotype (audio) \

Medical Definition of serotype

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : a group of intimately related microorganisms distinguished by a common set of antigens
2 : the set of antigens characteristic of a serotype

Other Words from serotype

serotypic \ ˌsir-​ə-​ˈtip-​ik How to pronounce serotypic (audio) \ adjective
serotypically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce serotypically (audio) \ adverb
serotyped; serotyping

Medical Definition of serotype (Entry 2 of 2)

: to determine the serotype of serotype streptococci serotyped isolates from 100 patients

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