genotype

noun
ge·​no·​type | \ ˈjē-nə-ˌtīp How to pronounce genotype (audio) , ˈje-\

Definition of genotype

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 [ ISV gen- ] : type species
2 [ ISV gene ] : all or part of the genetic constitution of an individual or group — compare phenotype

genotype

verb
genotyped; genotyping; genotypes

Definition of genotype (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to determine all or part of the genetic constitution of Because many Icelanders have now been genotyped, meaning their DNA has been analyzed at many sites spaced across the genome, the Decode researchers were able to pick a set of 40 sites where the DNA variations were diagnostic of geographic origin.— Nicholas Wade Genotyping of multiple B. pseudomallei colonies from several tissue sites from four patients … showed substantial genetic diversity within a single patient …— W. Joost Wiersinga

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Other Words from genotype

Noun

genotypic \ ˌjē-​nə-​ˈti-​pik How to pronounce genotypic (audio) , ˌje-​ \ or less commonly genotypical \ ˌjē-​nə-​ˈti-​pi-​kəl How to pronounce genotypical (audio) , ˌje-​ \ adjective
genotypically \ ˌjē-​nə-​ˈti-​pi-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce genotypically (audio) , ˌje-​ \ adverb

Examples of genotype in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

In genetics, a mosaic refers to two or more cell populations with differing genotypes (pieces of genetic material) in one individual. David Grossman, Popular Mechanics, "The Infamous CRISPR Baby Scientist Is Missing," 3 Dec. 2018 Normally, the spread of genotypes within a population is slow, as each individual carrier will pass it on to only half its offspring, and the chance that two carriers will end up mating are small. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Gene drive used to turn all female mosquitos sterile," 27 Sep. 2018 Investigators’ recent break in the case came after sending in 25-year-old DNA evidence from the crime scene to Parabon NanoLabs to create a genotype of the killer who got away. Jared Gilmour, miamiherald, "Teacher was raped and murdered in 1992. Gum left at a school just caught the killer, Pa. cops say," 27 June 2018 And according to a phylogenetic tree mapping the evolutionary relationship between the genomes, one of the nine major genotypes circulating today was the product of an ancient recombination between two strains of the hepatitis B virus. Kiona N. Smith, Ars Technica, "Genghis Khan’s Mongol horde probably had rampant Hepatitis B," 11 May 2018 Previous studies have hinted at as much based on inferences from modern genotypes, notes Jonathan Pritchard, a population geneticist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, who wasn’t involved in the work. Michael Price, Science | AAAS, "Iceland’s founding fathers underwent a rapid, 1000-year genetic shift," 31 May 2018 None of the analyses currently incorporate genotype-environment interactions like those found in the schizophrenia study. Sharon Begley, STAT, "Schizophrenia ‘risk genes’ are not so risky if the mother’s pregnancy was healthy," 28 May 2018 One modern strain, genotype A, was previously thought to have emerged in Africa and spread to the Americas and India within the last few centuries via the slave trade. Kiona N. Smith, Ars Technica, "Genghis Khan’s Mongol horde probably had rampant Hepatitis B," 11 May 2018 The same is true of the treatment ratings: Customers can sort them by reported efficacy and popularity, but not by their own genotype. Megan Molteni, WIRED, "23andMe Wants You to Share Even More Health Data," 20 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'genotype.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of genotype

Noun

1897, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1946, in the meaning defined above

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Dictionary Entries near genotype

genonema

genosome

genospecies

genotype

-genous

genre

genro

Statistics for genotype

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Time Traveler for genotype

The first known use of genotype was in 1897

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More Definitions for genotype

genotype

noun
ge·​no·​type | \ ˈjē-nə-ˌtīp How to pronounce genotype (audio) , ˈjen-ə- How to pronounce genotype (audio) \

Medical Definition of genotype

 (Entry 1 of 2)

2 : all or part of the genetic constitution of an individual or group — compare phenotype

Other Words from genotype

genotypic \ ˌjē-​nə-​ˈtip-​ik How to pronounce genotypic (audio) , ˌjen-​ə-​ How to pronounce genotypic (audio) \ also genotypical \ -​i-​kəl How to pronounce genotypical (audio) \ adjective
genotypically \ -​i-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce genotypically (audio) \ adverb

genotype

transitive verb
genotyped; genotyping

Medical Definition of genotype (Entry 2 of 2)

: to determine the genotype of DNA samples from the participants were genotyped for two common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the coding region of the vitamin D–binding protein gene …— Camille E. Powe et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, 21 Nov. 2013

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More from Merriam-Webster on genotype

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with genotype

Nglish: Translation of genotype for Spanish Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about genotype

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