rot

verb
\ ˈrät How to pronounce rot (audio) \
rotted; rotting

Definition of rot

 (Entry 1 of 2)

intransitive verb

1a : to undergo decomposition from the action of bacteria or fungi
b : to become unsound or weak (as from use or chemical action)
2a : to go to ruin : deteriorate
b : to become morally corrupt : degenerate

transitive verb

: to cause to decompose or deteriorate with or as if with rot

rot

noun

Definition of rot (Entry 2 of 2)

1a : the process of rotting : the state of being rotten : decay
b : something rotten or rotting
2a archaic : a wasting putrescent disease
b : any of several parasitic diseases especially of sheep marked by necrosis and wasting
c : plant disease marked by breakdown of tissues and caused especially by fungi or bacteria
3 : nonsense often used interjectionally

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Choose the Right Synonym for rot

Verb

decay, decompose, rot, putrefy, spoil mean to undergo destructive dissolution. decay implies a slow change from a state of soundness or perfection. a decaying mansion decompose stresses a breaking down by chemical change and when applied to organic matter a corruption. the strong odor of decomposing vegetation rot is a close synonym of decompose and often connotes foulness. fruit was left to rot in warehouses putrefy implies the rotting of animal matter and offensiveness to sight and smell. corpses putrefying on the battlefield spoil applies chiefly to the decomposition of foods. keep the ham from spoiling

Examples of rot in a Sentence

Verb The wood had rotted away. The apples were left to rot. the smell of rotting garbage Eating too much candy can rot your teeth. Noun They found a lot of rot in the house's roof. That's a lot of rot!
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Purchase pears that are fragrant and free of cuts or other blemishes that might cause them to rot. Becky Krystal, The Denver Post, "Pears are the unheralded stars of the fall fruit bounty. Here’s how to choose and use them.," 26 Oct. 2019 Yes, gangrene—a condition that causes body tissue to rot away. Jessica Migala, Health.com, "This Man Tried to Enlarge His Penis by Injecting It With Petroleum Jelly—and It Went Dangerously Wrong," 19 Sep. 2019 Grass in the shade is under stress and subject to rot problems during summer rains. Tom Maccubbin, orlandosentinel.com, "Cut stems to increase number of crape myrtle flower heads," 20 July 2019 Most pastes also have a base like baking soda to neutralize acids that rot teeth (that's what fluoride- free ones rely on for protection). Joanne Chen, Redbook, "Teeth: An Owner's Manual," 24 July 2017 From Kait's perspective, the player explores that tension in a vast snowy mountain range and an equally open desert full of rotting relics of a civilization virtually destroyed before the Locust even emerged. Wired, "Gears 5: A War Game That Really Deals with War Trauma," 5 Sep. 2019 Chicago, 1959, in the junk pile known as Comiskey, rotting in splendor and the stink of beer and urine spilled last Tuesday. Stephen Hunter, National Review, "Baseball Plays at the Plate," 22 Aug. 2019 Everyone else is still around because United have failed to remove the rotting deadwood. SI.com, "Man Utd's Summer Tour Squad Was Not the One Fans Wanted to See When Last Season Finished," 8 July 2019 At the moment, a field is typically harvested once, and any unripe fruits or vegetables are left to rot. Nell Lewis, CNN, "Why robots will soon be picking soft fruits and salad," 4 Sep. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Their limbs were withered and leaves deformed; the wood looked like rot. Darryl Fears, sun-sentinel.com, "The end of Florida orange juice? A lethal disease is devastating the state’s citrus industry," 11 Nov. 2019 And, finally, resisting the suggestion that the rot ran deeper. Louisa Thomas, The New Yorker, "The Stories That the Houston Astros Have Told," 25 Oct. 2019 The character most emblematic of the rot spread by Putin’s Russia is Arkady, a former agent of Nat’s back in the early post-Soviet era. Richard Lipez, chicagotribune.com, "John le Carré’s new thriller takes aim at Trump, Brexit and the Russia mess," 24 Oct. 2019 Bank boards, auditors, rating agencies and the RBI have all failed to stop the rot. The Economist, "The risks from India’s rotten banks," 10 Oct. 2019 The colossal trees can grow as tall as a 26-story building and live more than 3,000 years, thanks to a chemical in their bark that protects against rot, boring insects and even fire. Rosemary Mcclure, Los Angeles Times, "In fall, experience the awe and adventure in Sequoia and Kings Canyon national parks," 31 Aug. 2019 And that's really the rot at the core of the administration's policy. NBC News, "Meet the Press - July 7, 2019," 7 July 2019 Siding is particularly vulnerable to damage, and the vents in most siding can allow water to get caught in between the siding and the home, causing wood rot. Ap Mcclatchy, The Mercury News, "Angie’s List: Pressure washing vs. power washing your house," 7 June 2019 Summer appears least ideal due to the frequent rains that cause rot problems, especially in the shady sites. Tom Maccubbin, orlandosentinel.com, "Let healthy cherry tomato plants continue to produce," 24 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'rot.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of rot

Verb

before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a

Noun

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for rot

Verb

Middle English roten, from Old English rotian; akin to Old High German rōzzēn to rot

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Statistics for rot

Last Updated

15 Nov 2019

Time Traveler for rot

The first known use of rot was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for rot

rot

verb
How to pronounce rot (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of rot

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to slowly decay or cause (something) to decay

rot

noun

English Language Learners Definition of rot (Entry 2 of 2)

: the process of rotting or the condition that results when something rots
informal + somewhat old-fashioned : foolish words or ideas

rot

verb
\ ˈrät How to pronounce rot (audio) \
rotted; rotting

Kids Definition of rot

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to undergo decay
2 : to go to ruin He was left to rot in jail.

rot

noun

Kids Definition of rot (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the process of decaying : the state of being decayed
2 : something that has decayed or is decaying
\ ˈrät How to pronounce rot (audio) \
rotted; rotting

Medical Definition of rot

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to undergo decomposition from the action of bacteria or fungi

rot

noun

Medical Definition of rot (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the process of rotting : the state of being rotten
2 : any of several parasitic diseases especially of sheep marked by necrosis and wasting

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More from Merriam-Webster on rot

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for rot

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with rot

Spanish Central: Translation of rot

Nglish: Translation of rot for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of rot for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about rot

Comments on rot

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