plunge

verb
\ ˈplənj \
plunged; plunging

Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to cause to penetrate or enter quickly and forcibly into something plunged the dagger
2 : to cause to enter a state or course of action usually suddenly, unexpectedly, or violently plunged the nation into economic depression

intransitive verb

1 : to thrust or cast oneself into or as if into water
2a : to become pitched or thrown headlong or violently forward and downward also : to move oneself in such a manner plunged off the embankment
b : to act with reckless haste : enter suddenly or unexpectedly plunges into project after project
c : to bet or gamble heavily and recklessly
3 : to descend or dip suddenly the stock's value plunged

plunge

noun

Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: an act or instance of plunging : dive also : swim

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Synonyms for plunge

Synonyms: Verb

dive, pitch, sound

Synonyms: Noun

dive, pitch

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Examples of plunge in a Sentence

Verb

Her car plunged off a bridge. The stock market plunged yesterday. The President's approval rating has plunged to 20 percent. The moose population has plunged in recent years. The rocky cliffs plunge into the swirling rapids below. The road plunges down the mountain.

Noun

Amazingly, the cat survived its plunge from the building's roof. Market analysts predicted a price plunge. The store experienced a sharp plunge in sales.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Then in 2018, the industry plunged into the trough of disillusionment, with some people wondering if driverless technology might be decades away. Timothy B. Lee, Ars Technica, "The hype around driverless cars came crashing down in 2018," 30 Dec. 2018 Kim’s completely sheer, sparkling dress was covered in delicate crystal embellishment, and featured a-symmetrical straps, a plunging neckline, and not a whole lot else. Lucy Wood, Marie Claire, "Kim Kardashian Just Wore What's Possibly Her Most Naked Dress Ever," 18 Dec. 2018 The stunning floor-length dress has a plunging neckline, cap sleeves, and a beaded belt. Rose Minutaglio, Harper's BAZAAR, "Kate Middleton Channels Princess Diana In a Lace, Button-Up Gown," 9 Nov. 2018 Imagine plunging yourself into the icy, frigid waters of the Arctic with nothing but a one-piece swimsuit, a tight-fitting swim cap, and the rush of your own adrenaline for warmth. Condé Nast Traveler, "Women Who Travel Podcast: A Record-Setting Swimmer on Seeing the World by Water," 20 Aug. 2018 The worker, father of a three-year-old girl, plunged from the 19th floor, landing on a small platform next to the elevator's base. Ely Portillo, charlotteobserver, "'We want answers' activists say, after worker dies falling off uptown Charlotte tower," 30 May 2018 Italy’s government plunged into crisis on Sunday, sending shockwaves from Brussels to Wall Street. Jonah Shepp, Daily Intelligencer, "Italy’s Political Crisis Is Rattling Europe. Here’s What You Need to Know.," 30 May 2018 Lord only knows when we'll be allowed to park or drive over an old sewer line on Main Street that MSD fears is going to collapse and plunge us and our cars into the poopie abyss. Joseph Gerth, The Courier-Journal, "Why does Louisville close roads for years? It's driving us insane," 21 May 2018 Pompeo will arrive in the region ahead of a series of events that could potentially plunge it into deeper disarray, including the Iran deal decision and the relocation of the U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. NBC News, "Pompeo narrowly confirmed by Senate as secretary of state," 26 Apr. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

The weaponized silliness results in some painful pratfalls, including one character’s plunge from an apartment fire escape and, later, having a thermos of hot coffee thrown in his face. Ann Hornaday, kansascity, "A game cast makes good-natured ‘Tag’ a fun time," 14 June 2018 The donation includes the ability to participate in the plunge, of course, as well as admission to the afterparty, which will feature live music, (free) food, a cash bar and other festivities. Adam Lukach, RedEye Chicago, "Polar Plunge to raise money for Special Olympics on Sunday," 2 Mar. 2018 If only more people were brave enough to take the plunge. Jonathan M. Gitlin, Ars Technica, "The 2018 Cars Technica cars and SUVs of the year," 30 Dec. 2018 Samples, who died in 1983, turned out to be a precursor of another TV star with rural appeal, who talked for years about running for office and ultimately did take the plunge. Michael Taube, WSJ, "‘Hee Haw’ Was Ahead of Its Time," 28 Nov. 2018 Living > Parties Almost one year to the day after opening her Bond Street pop-up shop, Gwyneth Paltrow has made the plunge and converted her space into a full-on Goop Lab. Edward Barsamian, Vogue, "Gwyneth Paltrow Celebrates Goop Lab’s New York Arrival," 15 Nov. 2018 But because that swing is so much more dramatic, the plunge in sunlight creates a milder northern summer and a downright frigid southern winter. Shannon Hall, New York Times, "Never Mind the Summer Heat: Earth Is at Its Greatest Distance From the Sun," 5 July 2018 Iran is banning imports of over 1,300 products, preparing its economy to resist threatened US sanctions, amid rare public protests against the plunge of its currency to record lows. Andrew Torchia, The Christian Science Monitor, "Iran bans over 1,300 imports amid protests over its plunging currency," 26 June 2018 The plunge began Sunday, with several factors possibly feeding into it, including a cyber-heist that hit South Korea’s Coinrail cryptocurrency exchange—even though no bitcoins were stolen—and a U.S. regulatory probe into Bitcoin price manipulation. David Meyer, Fortune, "Bitcoin's Latest Price Crash May Be Over. But There's Still Reason to Worry," 14 June 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'plunge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of plunge

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for plunge

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French plunger, from Vulgar Latin *plumbicare, from Latin plumbum lead

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Statistics for plunge

Last Updated

18 Jan 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for plunge

The first known use of plunge was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for plunge

plunge

verb

English Language Learners Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to fall or jump suddenly from a high place

: to fall or drop suddenly in amount, value, etc.

: to have a steep slope or drop downward

plunge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden fall or jump usually from a high place

: a sudden quick fall in amount, value, etc.

: the act of suddenly beginning to be in a particular condition or situation

plunge

verb
\ ˈplənj \
plunged; plunging

Kids Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to leap or dive suddenly She plunged into the water.
2 : to thrust or force quickly The cat plunged its head blissfully into the bowl.— Katherine Paterson, Jacob Have I Loved
3 : to suddenly enter or cause to enter a certain situation or state Foolish investments plunged the family into debt.
4 : to drop suddenly downward or forward and downward Cliffs plunge to the valley.

plunge

noun

Kids Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden dive, rush, or leap

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More from Merriam-Webster on plunge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with plunge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for plunge

Spanish Central: Translation of plunge

Nglish: Translation of plunge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of plunge for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about plunge

Comments on plunge

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