plunge

verb
\ ˈplənj How to pronounce plunge (audio) \
plunged; plunging

Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to cause to penetrate or enter quickly and forcibly into something plunged the dagger
2 : to cause to enter a state or course of action usually suddenly, unexpectedly, or violently plunged the nation into economic depression

intransitive verb

1 : to thrust or cast oneself into or as if into water
2a : to become pitched or thrown headlong or violently forward and downward also : to move oneself in such a manner plunged off the embankment
b : to act with reckless haste : enter suddenly or unexpectedly plunges into project after project
c : to bet or gamble heavily and recklessly
3 : to descend or dip suddenly the stock's value plunged

plunge

noun

Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: an act or instance of plunging : dive also : swim

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Synonyms for plunge

Synonyms: Verb

Synonyms: Noun

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Examples of plunge in a Sentence

Verb Her car plunged off a bridge. The stock market plunged yesterday. The President's approval rating has plunged to 20 percent. The moose population has plunged in recent years. The rocky cliffs plunge into the swirling rapids below. The road plunges down the mountain. Noun Amazingly, the cat survived its plunge from the building's roof. Market analysts predicted a price plunge. The store experienced a sharp plunge in sales.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb A half-hour later, approaching the Gulf of Mexico from the southwest, the Crew Dragon is expected to plunge back into the discernible atmosphere, quickly slowing down as the heat shield endures temperatures higher than 3,000 degrees. William Harwood, CBS News, "SpaceX Crew Dragon astronauts undock for historic Sunday splashdown," 1 Aug. 2020 The falling multiple would overwhelm the gains in EPS coming mostly from buybacks, and the shares would plunge. Shawn Tully, Fortune, "Investors are treating Apple like a growth stock. But the math doesn’t add up.," 31 July 2020 The Upjohn business saw sales plunge 32% to $2.01 billion, partly due to increasing generic competition in the U.S. for its former blockbuster nerve pain drug Lyrica. Linda A. Johnson, Star Tribune, "Pandemic hurts sales, profit for Pfizer amid restructuring," 28 July 2020 That might have been the easy part for the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, now poised to plunge into the heart of the law that mandates sweeping changes. Judith Kohler, The Denver Post, "A year after Senate Bill 181 OK’d, regulators poised to tackle heart of sweeping oil, gas changes," 7 July 2020 At a critical speed, a wing suddenly becomes much less effective at generating lift, and a plane can plunge precipitously. Jeff Wise, Popular Mechanics, "What Really Happened Aboard Air France 447," 1 June 2020 To see if your burger is ready, just plunge the thermometer into the center of the burger. Christopher Michel, Country Living, "Exactly How Long to Grill and Cook Burgers," 18 May 2020 Spending in the energy industry is expected to plunge by a record $400 billion, or 20%, this year, the IEA previously estimated. Matt Egan, CNN, "Warning: The world won't hit climate goals unless energy innovation is rapidly accelerated," 2 July 2020 Many stalwarts like Gap, Abercrombie & Fitch and Macy's have seen sales plunge up to 50% in the first quarter because of lengthy store closings, while others like J.C. Penney and Neiman Marcus have sought bankruptcy court protection. Phil Wahba, Fortune, "Gap calls on landlords to share the pain," 5 June 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun In 2004, sisters Iris Robbins and Sally Fenik took the plunge into the ice cream business. cleveland, "Ranking 8 Fenik’s Frozen Custard flavors," 3 Aug. 2020 That means the recent plunge in credit card debt may prove to be short-lived -- but potentially for the wrong reasons. Matt Egan, CNN, "Americans are rapidly shrinking their credit card debt during the pandemic," 9 July 2020 The plunge in activity reflects great uncertainty around the future of workplaces and demand from companies, said Robert Sammons, Cushman & Wakefield’s senior director of Bay Area research. Roland Li, SFChronicle.com, "SF’s hot office market freezes with record-low leasing during coronavirus," 6 July 2020 Argentina and Ecuador were on the verge of default (the former has since taken the plunge; the latter is scrambling to avoid it). Jessica Brice, Bloomberg.com, "It’s Covid Code Red in Latin America With No Signs of Peaking," 7 June 2020 The return to normal life will feel liberating, like that first plunge into a pool during summer vacation. Pete Croatto, Good Housekeeping, "Paying for Childcare During a Pandemic Puts Parents in an Impossible Position," 4 June 2020 In 2016, Lands’ End took the plunge many brands still hesitate to take, but one Griffith says is still paying off. Phil Wahba, Fortune, "Why Lands’ End is betting on its new Kohl’s partnership to refuel growth," 3 June 2020 But a plunge into Michigan’s pine-dark seas is always a sensuous experience, bringing the swimmer into intense contact with sun, water, wind and the unknown. Bill Mcgraw, Detroit Free Press, "It's swimming season in Michigan's lakes and rivers: Have fun but use caution," 12 July 2020 The plunge into chaos and libidinal disaster in Ariana Harwicz’s debut novel, Die, My Love, threatens to undo the possibility of story altogether. Anne Enright, The New York Review of Books, "Wanting Wrong," 6 July 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'plunge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of plunge

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for plunge

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French plunger, from Vulgar Latin *plumbicare, from Latin plumbum lead

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Time Traveler for plunge

Time Traveler

The first known use of plunge was in the 14th century

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Statistics for plunge

Last Updated

9 Aug 2020

Cite this Entry

“Plunge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plunge. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for plunge

plunge

verb
How to pronounce plunge (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to fall or jump suddenly from a high place
: to fall or drop suddenly in amount, value, etc.
: to have a steep slope or drop downward

plunge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden fall or jump usually from a high place
: a sudden quick fall in amount, value, etc.
: the act of suddenly beginning to be in a particular condition or situation

plunge

verb
\ ˈplənj How to pronounce plunge (audio) \
plunged; plunging

Kids Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to leap or dive suddenly She plunged into the water.
2 : to thrust or force quickly The cat plunged its head blissfully into the bowl.— Katherine Paterson, Jacob Have I Loved
3 : to suddenly enter or cause to enter a certain situation or state Foolish investments plunged the family into debt.
4 : to drop suddenly downward or forward and downward Cliffs plunge to the valley.

plunge

noun

Kids Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden dive, rush, or leap

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Comments on plunge

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