plunge

1 of 2

verb

plunged; plunging

transitive verb

1
: to cause to penetrate or enter quickly and forcibly into something
plunged the dagger
2
: to cause to enter a state or course of action usually suddenly, unexpectedly, or violently
plunged the nation into economic depression

intransitive verb

1
: to thrust or cast oneself into or as if into water
2
a
: to become pitched or thrown headlong or violently forward and downward
also : to move oneself in such a manner
plunged off the embankment
b
: to act with reckless haste : enter suddenly or unexpectedly
plunges into project after project
c
: to bet or gamble heavily and recklessly
3
: to descend or dip suddenly
the stock's value plunged

plunge

2 of 2

noun

: an act or instance of plunging : dive
also : swim

see also take the plunge

Example Sentences

Verb Her car plunged off a bridge. The stock market plunged yesterday. The President's approval rating has plunged to 20 percent. The moose population has plunged in recent years. The rocky cliffs plunge into the swirling rapids below. The road plunges down the mountain. Noun Amazingly, the cat survived its plunge from the building's roof. Market analysts predicted a price plunge. The store experienced a sharp plunge in sales. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
Verb
While interest rates have been the catalyst for the housing market slowdown, the jobs market will play a bigger role in determining how low prices ultimately plunge. Hanna Ziady, CNN, 23 Nov. 2022 Stephen Curry and Draymond Green have enjoyed two of the best starts of their careers, only for other players to plunge the Warriors into mediocrity. Connor Letourneau, San Francisco Chronicle, 15 Nov. 2022 Even worse, economists generally predict all these rate hikes to cool inflation will plunge the economy into a recession, which likely means lots of job losses. Medora Lee, USA TODAY, 10 Nov. 2022 During winter, Kyiv sees temperatures plunge below the freezing point, making the potential for power outages in the coming months particularly alarming. Mithil Aggarwal, NBC News, 7 Nov. 2022 Great white sharks routinely stalk the ocean for seals and sea lions before bursting out of the water to strike, kill and plunge back into the sea. Jonathan Edwards, Washington Post, 3 Nov. 2022 News of the restructuring and Q3 results caused Credit Suisse’s American depositary receipts to plunge by more than 19% Thursday. Byluisa Beltran, Fortune, 27 Oct. 2022 Employers are under increasing pressure to cut costs and boost performance as inflation soars, markets plunge and a possible U.S. recession looms. Katherine Bindley, WSJ, 22 Oct. 2022 Suddenly, on either side of you, granite cliff walls soar as high as 5,000 feet, and glaciers plunge headlong into the water. John Oseid, Forbes, 11 Oct. 2022
Noun
The stock plunge comes in spite of Yandex’s strong performance in the Russian market, with revenue increasing by 46% in the third quarter year-on-year. Nicholas Gordon, Fortune, 25 Nov. 2022 Even in situations where the plunge is intentional, there are concerns that the sudden cold can cause heart attacks and arrhythmias. Billy Baker, BostonGlobe.com, 24 Nov. 2022 Companies that take the plunge toward transparency should tell the world about their change. Michael Luca, WSJ, 23 Nov. 2022 The plunge design is functional for a variety of clothes. Laura Lajiness Kaupke, Harper's BAZAAR, 18 Nov. 2022 The reigning Super Bowl champion dropped to the bottom of the NFC West, a stunningly swift plunge even for a team that was bound to face the physical and mental challenges that usually follow a title run, writes columnist Helene Elliott. Amy Hubbard, Los Angeles Times, 14 Nov. 2022 The plunge comes as investors continue to grapple with the stunning implosion of the FTX Group, one of the biggest and most powerful players in the industry. Diksha Madhok, CNN, 14 Nov. 2022 Brett Kelley's 1-yard plunge put Moeller up 21-0, forcing Mason out of its comfort zone and in come-from-behind mode early in the second quarter. Scott Springer, The Enquirer, 12 Nov. 2022 Coyle carried the ball nine times, capping the possession with a 9-yard plunge. Akeem Glaspie, The Indianapolis Star, 12 Nov. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'plunge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French plunger, from Vulgar Latin *plumbicare, from Latin plumbum lead

First Known Use

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of plunge was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near plunge

Cite this Entry

“Plunge.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plunge. Accessed 4 Dec. 2022.

Kids Definition

plunge 1 of 2

verb

plunged; plunging
1
: to push or drive into something with force
plunged a knife into the pie
2
: to leap or dive into water
3
a
: to rush with reckless haste
plunged into debt
b
: to bring into an unpleasant state
plunged the family into gloom
4
: to dip or move suddenly downward or forward and downward
the road plunges along the slope

plunge

2 of 2

noun

: a sudden dive, leap, or rush

More from Merriam-Webster on plunge

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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