1 of 2


plunged; plunging

transitive verb

: to cause to penetrate or enter quickly and forcibly into something
plunged the dagger
: to cause to enter a state or course of action usually suddenly, unexpectedly, or violently
plunged the nation into economic depression

intransitive verb

: to thrust or cast oneself into or as if into water
: to become pitched or thrown headlong or violently forward and downward
also : to move oneself in such a manner
plunged off the embankment
: to act with reckless haste : enter suddenly or unexpectedly
plunges into project after project
: to bet or gamble heavily and recklessly
: to descend or dip suddenly
the stock's value plunged


2 of 2


: an act or instance of plunging : dive
also : swim

see also take the plunge

Examples of plunge in a Sentence

Verb Her car plunged off a bridge. The stock market plunged yesterday. The President's approval rating has plunged to 20 percent. The moose population has plunged in recent years. The rocky cliffs plunge into the swirling rapids below. The road plunges down the mountain. Noun Amazingly, the cat survived its plunge from the building's roof. Market analysts predicted a price plunge. The store experienced a sharp plunge in sales. See More
Recent Examples on the Web
But early investors expected more, and Rivian’s shares have been hammered since its IPO, plunging about 90% since Nov. 8, 2021 to about $16 currently. Alan Ohnsman, Forbes, 20 Feb. 2024 The series of snaps included Rodrigo rocking a plunging neckline black dress and blowing out the candles on a funfetti cake during a party with a number of friends, including Tate McRae, The Kid LAROI, actress Iris Apatow and Conan Gray. Gil Kaufman, Billboard, 20 Feb. 2024 The dress featured a plunging scalloped neckline and a dramatic train, which her Australian musician love, 30, (who uses they/them pronouns) arranged on the carpet while Stause posed for photos. Jordan Greene, Peoplemag, 19 Feb. 2024 The explosive allegations plunged the United Nations into crisis, leading the United States — the agency’s largest donor — and other nations to suspend funding for the relief agency and threatening to collapse its operations in Gaza and the wider Middle East. Joyce Sohyun Lee, Washington Post, 17 Feb. 2024 Another cold front is arriving Friday that will plunge temperatures around North Texas into the 20s and 30s by the weekend, according to the National Weather Service Fort Worth office. David Montesino, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 14 Feb. 2024 Underneath, the gown features a corset with visible nude-colored boning, creating a plunging strapless neckline. Elizabeth Logan, Glamour, 13 Feb. 2024 At a pre-game event on Sunday, Beyoncé appeared at the nearby Wynn Las Vegas hotel in a plunging custom D&G mini dress embellished with Swarovski crystals, thigh-high leather boots and a voluminous blonde hairdo. Oscar Holland, CNN, 12 Feb. 2024 Nissan’s vehicle sales in China plunged 35% in April-December from the previous year. Yuri Kageyama, Quartz, 8 Feb. 2024
The spacious spa, which has its own indoor plunge pool, delivers sumptuous treatments to complete the invitation of total relaxation. Forbes Travel Guide, Forbes, 20 Feb. 2024 Both villas have their own large private pools, while a half-dozen of the top suites in the main hotel offer plunge pools. Nicolas Stecher, Robb Report, 16 Feb. 2024 For a more intimate stay, the resort's luxury bungalows offer private plunge pools and spacious terraces. Kara Franker, Southern Living, 13 Feb. 2024 Where to Stay in Soufrière An excellent place to stay is Ladera, which has 37 three-walled suites — some with their own plunge pools — that are open to sea and sky. Sarah Greaves-Gabbadon, Travel + Leisure, 12 Feb. 2024 This reversed a seven-day slide that saw NYCB’s stock plunge by nearly 60% to close at $4.20 Tuesday. Byluisa Beltran, Fortune, 8 Feb. 2024 With a full gym, yoga studio, Pilates room, rooftop lounge, and an area for saunas and cold plunges, this members-only club is exactly the place to network with other health-minded city dwellers. Krista Simmons, Sunset Magazine, 22 Jan. 2024 In the last six months of the year, Bloomberg reported, prices rose at about a 2% annual rate, roughly hitting the Fed's inflation target — at least for that period — after a rapid plunge from the 7.1% year-over-year rate recorded in June 2022. Harold Maass, theweek, 30 Jan. 2024 Higher room categories will offer private plunge pools and butler service. Meagan Drillinger, Travel + Leisure, 30 Jan. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'plunge.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History



Middle English, from Anglo-French plunger, from Vulgar Latin *plumbicare, from Latin plumbum lead

First Known Use


14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1


15th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of plunge was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near plunge

Cite this Entry

“Plunge.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 1 Mar. 2024.

Kids Definition


1 of 2 verb
plunged; plunging
: to push or drive into something with force
plunged a knife into the pie
: to leap or dive into water
: to rush with reckless haste
plunged into debt
: to bring into an unpleasant state
plunged the family into gloom
: to dip or move suddenly downward or forward and downward
the road plunges along the slope


2 of 2 noun
: a sudden dive, leap, or rush

More from Merriam-Webster on plunge

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