plunge

verb
\ ˈplənj How to pronounce plunge (audio) \
plunged; plunging

Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to cause to penetrate or enter quickly and forcibly into something plunged the dagger
2 : to cause to enter a state or course of action usually suddenly, unexpectedly, or violently plunged the nation into economic depression

intransitive verb

1 : to thrust or cast oneself into or as if into water
2a : to become pitched or thrown headlong or violently forward and downward also : to move oneself in such a manner plunged off the embankment
b : to act with reckless haste : enter suddenly or unexpectedly plunges into project after project
c : to bet or gamble heavily and recklessly
3 : to descend or dip suddenly the stock's value plunged

plunge

noun

Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: an act or instance of plunging : dive also : swim

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Synonyms for plunge

Synonyms: Verb

dive, pitch, sound

Synonyms: Noun

dive, pitch

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Examples of plunge in a Sentence

Verb

Her car plunged off a bridge. The stock market plunged yesterday. The President's approval rating has plunged to 20 percent. The moose population has plunged in recent years. The rocky cliffs plunge into the swirling rapids below. The road plunges down the mountain.

Noun

Amazingly, the cat survived its plunge from the building's roof. Market analysts predicted a price plunge. The store experienced a sharp plunge in sales.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

As many dealt with flooding and even brush fires, swimmers and surfers ignored warnings from authorities and plunged into powerful waves at the closed beach on Oahu — the most populated island. Jennifer Sinco Kelleher And Audrey Mcavoy, Fox News, "Hurricane Lane floods homes as others take to the waves," 24 Aug. 2018 All were killed in late March when one of their adoptive mothers, Jennifer Hart, drove an SUV over a cliff near Mendocino, California, and plunged into the Pacific Ocean 100 feet below - an act the local sheriff called intentional. Joe Heim And Julie Tate, chicagotribune.com, "As children begged for help, adoption system failed them," 13 July 2018 But even at the end of his life, there were days when the polar bear would inexplicably plunge into the water in a riot of bubbles, surge across the pool, turn back, and do it again. David Scharfenberg, BostonGlobe.com, "Did humans drive this polar bear insane?," 13 July 2018 One of them miscalculated and plunged into the icy water. Popular Mechanics Editors, Popular Mechanics, "The Lost Art of Floating Logs Down the River," 16 Feb. 2019 Ever since that flyby, New Horizons has been plunging farther into the Solar System. Loren Grush, The Verge, "On New Year’s Day, a spacecraft will zoom by the most distant object humanity has ever visited," 27 Dec. 2018 The United States almost defaulted on its debts, which would have plunged the entire world economy into a financial crisis and destroyed hundreds of billions if not trillions in wealth and caused needless human misery. Dylan Matthews, Vox, "Trump has eroded important democratic institutions. Will Democratic wins change that?," 8 Nov. 2018 All were killed in late March when one of their adoptive mothers, Jennifer Hart, drove an SUV over a cliff near Mendocino, California, and plunged into the Pacific Ocean 100 feet below - an act the local sheriff called intentional. Joe Heim And Julie Tate, chicagotribune.com, "As children begged for help, adoption system failed them," 13 July 2018 All were killed in late March when one of their adoptive mothers, Jennifer Hart, drove an SUV over a cliff near Mendocino, Calif., and plunged into the Pacific Ocean 100 feet below — an act the local sheriff called intentional. Washington Post, "Abuse, neglect and a system that failed: The tragic lives of the Hart children," 12 July 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

This chilly air is the result of a plunge of the jet stream hovering over the central U.S., the network reports. Cierra Williams, Country Living, "The Weather Channel Predicts a Brutal Winter for Most of the Country," 16 Nov. 2018 Before Thursday’s plunge, Softbank had lost nearly 20% of its value since Mr. Khashoggi went missing inside the kingdom’s consulate in Istanbul early last month. Jacky Wong, WSJ, "The Real World Is Getting Complicated for SoftBank," 1 Nov. 2018 There’s very little time to reflect, or take the deep breath necessary before the knockout-round plunge. Brian Straus, SI.com, "The World Cup of Chaos: Looking Back on a Group Stage for the Ages," 29 June 2018 He’s succeeded quickly, spending most of his money on low-risk fillies but occasionally taking a plunge on a big-ticket colt such as 2016 Preakness champion Exaggerator. Childs Walker, baltimoresun.com, "Partnership behind Preakness favorite Justify reveals state of racing in 2018," 16 May 2018 There were few warning signs before the stock market's plunge in early February, but so far, the slump hasn't changed investors' thinking very much. Marley Jay, USA TODAY, "Q&A: Market's recent plunge hasn't changed investors' thinking very much," 17 Feb. 2018 The oil rig-count was mostly flat during the second half of last year, and has declined by 32 oil rigs since 2019 began, as a plunge in oil prices in late 2018 forced many drillers to the sidelines. Christopher Alessi, WSJ, "Oil Hits Three-Month High as U.S. Stock Markets Advance," 22 Feb. 2019 Chinese exporters were scrambling Monday to cope with a plunge in U.S. sales while China’s state press shrugged off the impact of Washington’s tariff hikes in a spiraling technology dispute. Tory Newmyer, Washington Post, "The Finance 202: Stock market shrugs off Trump's trade war," 10 July 2018 And with the ease of taking a shower or bath, the need for a spiritual plunge in an uninviting setting was often disregarded. Kristin E. Holmes, Philly.com, "A mikvah building boomlet as Jewish ritual baths open around the region," 12 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'plunge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of plunge

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for plunge

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French plunger, from Vulgar Latin *plumbicare, from Latin plumbum lead

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Statistics for plunge

Last Updated

15 Mar 2019

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Time Traveler for plunge

The first known use of plunge was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for plunge

plunge

verb

English Language Learners Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to fall or jump suddenly from a high place
: to fall or drop suddenly in amount, value, etc.
: to have a steep slope or drop downward

plunge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden fall or jump usually from a high place
: a sudden quick fall in amount, value, etc.
: the act of suddenly beginning to be in a particular condition or situation

plunge

verb
\ ˈplənj How to pronounce plunge (audio) \
plunged; plunging

Kids Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to leap or dive suddenly She plunged into the water.
2 : to thrust or force quickly The cat plunged its head blissfully into the bowl.— Katherine Paterson, Jacob Have I Loved
3 : to suddenly enter or cause to enter a certain situation or state Foolish investments plunged the family into debt.
4 : to drop suddenly downward or forward and downward Cliffs plunge to the valley.

plunge

noun

Kids Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden dive, rush, or leap

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More from Merriam-Webster on plunge

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with plunge

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for plunge

Spanish Central: Translation of plunge

Nglish: Translation of plunge for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of plunge for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about plunge

Comments on plunge

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