plunge

verb
\ˈplənj \
plunged; plunging

Definition of plunge 

(Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to cause to penetrate or enter quickly and forcibly into something plunged the dagger

2 : to cause to enter a state or course of action usually suddenly, unexpectedly, or violently plunged the nation into economic depression

intransitive verb

1 : to thrust or cast oneself into or as if into water

2a : to become pitched or thrown headlong or violently forward and downward also : to move oneself in such a manner plunged off the embankment

b : to act with reckless haste : enter suddenly or unexpectedly plunges into project after project

c : to bet or gamble heavily and recklessly

3 : to descend or dip suddenly the stock's value plunged

plunge

noun

Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: an act or instance of plunging : dive also : swim

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Synonyms & Antonyms for plunge

Synonyms: Verb

crash, decline, descend, dip, dive, drop, fall, lower, nose-dive, plummet, sink, skid, tumble

Synonyms: Noun

descent, dip, dive, down, drop, fall, nosedive

Antonyms: Verb

arise, ascend, lift, mount, rise, soar, spike, up

Antonyms: Noun

ascent, climb, rise, rising, soaring, upswing, upturn

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Examples of plunge in a Sentence

Verb

Her car plunged off a bridge. The stock market plunged yesterday. The President's approval rating has plunged to 20 percent. The moose population has plunged in recent years. The rocky cliffs plunge into the swirling rapids below. The road plunges down the mountain.

Noun

Amazingly, the cat survived its plunge from the building's roof. Market analysts predicted a price plunge. The store experienced a sharp plunge in sales.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

And like that, sidestepping one debate plunges us into another one, just as crucial and inescapable. Nathanael Johnson, WIRED, "Where Can Climate Activists Find Common Ground?," 9 July 2018 Villa plunged into financial problems after missing a £4m tax payment earlier this year which was coupled with cash flow issues due to strict rules from Xia's native country. SI.com, "Aston Villa Owner Releases Lengthy Open Letter to Fans to 'Clarify' Financial Difficulties," 7 July 2018 Blanch mint, basil and tarragon in boiling salted water for 10 seconds, then immediately plunge into an ice bath. Sarah Fritsche, SFChronicle.com, "Recipe: Baby Iceberg Wedge Salad With Chilled Shrimp, Mint & Green Goddess," 3 July 2018 The opening scene in a New York drop-in center for street people plunges the viewer into a very uncomfortable situation. Deborah Young, The Hollywood Reporter, "'Bikini Moon': Film Review | Shanghai 2018," 27 June 2018 In 2007, after months of seeing her very public personal life plunging into unknown territory, Britney had planned her comeback performing this catchy pop electro track at the MTV Video Music Awards. Muri Assunção, Billboard, "8 Britney Spears Songs for Your Pride Month Playlist: Listen," 20 June 2018 And the rate plunged even more—by half—in younger women. Ann Gibbons, Science | AAAS, "After a bar opens, the Baka pygmies of Cameroon have fewer babies," 18 June 2018 According to an NBC News analysis, television and radio ad spending on the Democratic primary ran into the millions: The Evans for GA Governor group plunged $1.5 million into the race. Celeste Katz, Glamour, "With Georgia Democratic Primary Win, Stacey Abrams Is One Step Closer to Becoming the First Black Woman Governor," 22 May 2018 Rolling down the deck, the biplane plunged towards the water, its wheels dipping into the sea before ascending and landing on the nearby shore. Matthew Moss, Popular Mechanics, "How the American Aircraft Carrier Became King of the Seas," 22 May 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Sorrell’s departure followed a stock plunge for WPP — which has lost almost a quarter of its market value over the past year — and its worst performance since the financial crisis. Bloomberg, Fortune, "Martin Sorrell Sticks It To His Old Firm WPP With His Latest Deal," 10 July 2018 The Chinese government has also taken on a more active role in equity markets following the 2015 plunge, which has helped to sideline retail investors. Mike Bird, WSJ, "Don’t Blame Debt-Hungry Retail Investors for China’s Bear Market," 4 July 2018 This plunge into the unknown, while entirely different, is going to be energizing. Peter King, SI.com, "On Draft Fallout, Matt Ryan and MMQB Turning the Page," 6 May 2018 Having dipped its ugliest toes in the water, the German automaker seems ready to take the full plunge, with 12 new electric models by 2025. Jack Stewart, WIRED, "BMW's New Electric SUV Looks Shockingly Normal," 25 Apr. 2018 Start with a 90-minute tour of pools heated at different temperatures (warm, hot, cold and an ice plunge) the flotarium or salt-water pool, indoor-outdoor pool or hit up one of Aire’s steam rooms complete with aromatherapy. Sadé Carpenter, RedEye Chicago, "Time for R&R: 6 ways to relax and unwind in and near Chicago," 3 Apr. 2018 More whoppers, among them the likes of Uber, Saudi Aramco and Ant Financial, Alibaba’s financial affiliate, could take the plunge next year. The Economist, "Life as you know it is IPOver," 12 July 2018 Its pool deck offers six different water experiences, including a deck-entry pool with celestial lights, Jacuzzi spa, cold plunge pool and three Thalassotherapy spas, as well as cabanas. Robyn A. Friedman, Sun-Sentinel.com, "$29 million condo in Sunny Isles Beach comes with its own custom 'scent identity'," 9 July 2018 The private villas will have private plunge-pool access and butler service. Chabeli Herrera, miamiherald, "With last beam in place, Hollywood Hard Rock's guitar-shaped hotel is almost finished," 9 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'plunge.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of plunge

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for plunge

Verb

Middle English, from Anglo-French plunger, from Vulgar Latin *plumbicare, from Latin plumbum lead

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Statistics for plunge

Last Updated

27 Sep 2018

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for plunge

The first known use of plunge was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for plunge

plunge

verb

English Language Learners Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: to fall or jump suddenly from a high place

: to fall or drop suddenly in amount, value, etc.

: to have a steep slope or drop downward

plunge

noun

English Language Learners Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden fall or jump usually from a high place

: a sudden quick fall in amount, value, etc.

: the act of suddenly beginning to be in a particular condition or situation

plunge

verb
\ˈplənj \
plunged; plunging

Kids Definition of plunge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to leap or dive suddenly She plunged into the water.

2 : to thrust or force quickly The cat plunged its head blissfully into the bowl.— Katherine Paterson, Jacob Have I Loved

3 : to suddenly enter or cause to enter a certain situation or state Foolish investments plunged the family into debt.

4 : to drop suddenly downward or forward and downward Cliffs plunge to the valley.

plunge

noun

Kids Definition of plunge (Entry 2 of 2)

: a sudden dive, rush, or leap

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Comments on plunge

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