milieu

noun
mi·​lieu | \ mēl-ˈyər, -ˈyə, -ˈyü, -ˈyœ; ˈmēl-ˌyü \
plural milieus or milieux\ -​ˈyə(r)(z) , -​ˈyüz, -​ˈyœ(z) ; -​ˌyü(z) \

Definition of milieu

: the physical or social setting in which something occurs or develops : environment

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Choose the Right Synonym for milieu

background, setting, environment, milieu, mise-en-scène mean the place, time, and circumstances in which something occurs. background often refers to the circumstances or events that precede a phenomenon or development. the shocking decision was part of the background of the riots setting suggests looking at real-life situations in literary or dramatic terms. a militant reformer who was born into an unlikely social setting environment applies to all the external factors that have a formative influence on one's physical, mental, or moral development. the kind of environment that produces juvenile delinquents milieu applies especially to the physical and social surroundings of a person or group of persons. an intellectual milieu conducive to artistic experimentation mise-en-scène strongly suggests the use of properties to achieve a particular atmosphere or theatrical effect. a gothic thriller with a carefully crafted mise-en-scène

Milieu Entered English in the 1800s

The etymology of milieu comes down to "mi" and "lieu." English speakers learned the word (and borrowed both its spelling and meaning) from French. The modern French term comes from two much older French forms, mi, meaning "middle," and lieu, meaning "place." Like so many terms in the Romance languages, those Old French forms can ultimately be traced to Latin; "mi" is an offspring of the Latin medius(meaning "middle") and "lieu" is a derivative of "locus" (meaning "place"). English speakers have used "milieu" for the environment or setting of something since at least the mid-1800s, but other "lieu" descendants are much older. We've used both "lieu" itself (meaning "place" or "stead," as in "in lieu of") and "lieutenant" since the 14th century.

Examples of milieu in a Sentence

Theirs was a bohemian milieu in which people often played romantic musical chairs. — Edmund White, New York Review of Books, 12 Feb. 2009 People in France admire the United States, and much of what passes for anti-Americanism is limited to the intellectual milieu of Paris. — Jonathan Alter et al., Newsweek, 29 May 2000 She might stay home, might marry and live as a housewife. And if her milieu does not sanction such a solution, there are, she knows, milieux which do. — David Mamet, Jafsie and John Henry: Essays, 1999 Certainly there are very few American milieus today in which having read the latest work of Joyce Carol Oates or Richard Ford is more valuable, as social currency, than having caught the latest John Travolta movie or knowing how to navigate the Web. — Jonathan Franzen, Harper's, April 1996 They're caught in their own hazy milieu—working, smoking, talking, drinking. — Gerri Hirshey, Rolling Stone, 12 Nov. 1992 young, innovative artists thrive in the freewheeling milieu that a big city offers
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Recent Examples on the Web

Babies obviously can thrive in this milieu or the human species would not exist. Gretchen Reynolds, The Seattle Times, "Vigorous exercise, even a trek up Everest, may be safe during pregnancy," 26 Oct. 2018 Those nine prints, plus a table of contents, are the centerpiece of this show, which also includes works by Käthe Kollwitz, Max Beckmann and Otto Dix that reflect on Germany’s sociocultural milieu after the Great War. Anita Gates, New York Times, "From 12th Century B.C. to 2017, Art in Startling Variety," 7 Mar. 2018 Good headphones help to both quiet the outside world and liven up our internal milieu with music. Vlad Savov, The Verge, "The headphone wars have begun," 3 Oct. 2018 The hesitant, awkward shuffling that once defined his actors’ speech patterns hasn’t necessarily gone away; it’s simply been absorbed into the spirit of the movie, which surveys its milieu and genre with a thoughtful, ambivalent eye. Justin Chang, The Seattle Times, "‘Support the Girls’: Regina Hall calls the shots in terrific sports-bar comedy," 27 Aug. 2018 The Parrs also cavort amid a very distinctive visual milieu. Josephine Livingstone, The New Republic, "The Incredibles 2 Addresses the State of the Union," 19 June 2018 Di Benedetto focused on Zama and his would-be European milieu and largely ignored the colony’s enslaved people and indigenous inhabitants. J. Hoberman, New York Times, "Lucrecia Martel: A Director Who Confounds and Thrills," 13 Apr. 2018 The Japanese playwrights, dancers, film directors and actors who made up Buruma’s milieu in the mid-1970s adored him. Dwight Garner, New York Times, "How Life as a Foreigner Helped Shape a Man of Letters," 26 Feb. 2018 Motherhood joins How Should a Person Be? and Women in Clothes to form what might be read as a field guide to womanhood in a particular literary-bohemian milieu. Molly Fischer, The Cut, "Should Sheila Heti Have a Baby?," 1 May 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'milieu.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of milieu

1854, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for milieu

French, from Old French, midst, from mi middle (from Latin medius) + lieu place, from Latin locus — more at mid, stall

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Last Updated

16 Dec 2018

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Time Traveler for milieu

The first known use of milieu was in 1854

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More Definitions for milieu

milieu

noun

English Language Learners Definition of milieu

: the physical or social setting in which people live or in which something happens or develops

milieu

noun
mi·​lieu | \ mēl-ˈyə(r), -ˈyü; ˈmēl-ˌyü, mē-lyœ̅\
plural milieus or milieux\ -​ˈyə(r)(z), -​ˈyüz; -​ˌyü(z), -​lyœ̅(z) \

Medical Definition of milieu

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More from Merriam-Webster on milieu

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with milieu

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for milieu

Spanish Central: Translation of milieu

Nglish: Translation of milieu for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of milieu for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about milieu

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