1

surround

verb sur·round \ sə-ˈrau̇nd \
Updated on: 8 Dec 2017

Definition of surround

transitive verb
1 a (1) : to enclose on all sides : envelop
  • the crowd surrounded her
(2) : to enclose so as to cut off communication or retreat : invest
b : to form or be a member of the entourage of
  • flatterers who surround the king
c : to constitute part of the environment of
  • surrounded by poverty
d : to extend around the margin or edge of : encircle
  • a wall surrounds the old city
2 : to cause to be surrounded by something
  • surrounded himself with friends

Examples of surround in a Sentence

  1. A wall surrounds the old city.

  2. They had the suspect surrounded.

  3. She was suddenly surrounded by a crowd of excited fans.

  4. There's a lot of uncertainty surrounding the decision.

  5. His departure was surrounded by secrecy.

Recent Examples of surround from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surround.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of surround

Middle English, to flood, inundate, from Anglo-French surunder, from Late Latin superundare, to overflow, from Latin super- + unda wave; influenced in meaning by 5round — more at water

surround Synonyms


2

surround

noun

Definition of surround

: something (such as a border or ambient environment) that surrounds
  • from urban centre to rural surround
  • —Emrys Jones

Examples of surround in a Sentence

  1. the vast, featureless surround of the desert was strangely appealing to him

Recent Examples of surround from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'surround.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of surround

1893



SURROUND Defined for English Language Learners

surround

verb

Definition of surround for English Language Learners

  • : to be on every side of (someone or something)

  • : to move close to (someone or something) on all sides often in order to stop a person from escaping

  • : to be closely related or connected to (something)


surround

noun

Definition of surround for English Language Learners

  • : a border or an area that is around the outside edge of something


SURROUND Defined for Kids

surround

verb sur·round \ sə-ˈrau̇nd \

Definition of surround for Students

surrounded; surrounding
1 : to enclose on all sides : encircle
  • A fence surrounds the property.
2 : to be closely related or connected to
  • … my actions will help to dispel this terrible myth of evil that seems to surround rats everywhere.
  • —Kate DiCamillo, The Tale of Despereaux

Word Root of surround

The Latin word unda, meaning “wave,” gives us the root und. Words from the Latin unda have something to do with waves. To undulate is to move up and down like a wave. To inundate is to cover with a flood of waves. To surround, or encircle on all sides, is to enclose as if by waves. To abound is to be plentiful, like waves in the ocean.



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