noun, often attributive
\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
b : extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing had a great hate of hard work
c : a systematic and especially politically exploited expression of hatred a crime motivated by bigotry and hate often used before another noun hate mailan organization tracking hate groups — see also hate crime
2 : an object of hatred a generation whose finest hate had been big business— F. L. Paxson


hated; hating

Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility hates his country's enemies
2 : to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful hated to have to meet strangers hate hypocrisy

intransitive verb

: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility harsh faces and hating eyes— Katherine A. Porter
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity

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Other Words from hate


hater noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for hate

Synonyms: Noun

abhorrence, abomination, detestation, execration, hatred, loathing

Synonyms: Verb

abhor, abominate, despise, detest, execrate, loathe

Antonyms: Noun

affection, devotion, fondness, love

Antonyms: Verb


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Choose the Right Synonym for hate


hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for. hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice. hated the enemy with a passion detest suggests violent antipathy. detests cowards abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance. a crime abhorred by all abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation. abominates all forms of violence loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance. loathed the mere sight of them

Examples of hate in a Sentence


These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears.


He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people. She hated them for betraying her. They were political rivals who truly hated each other. What is it that you hate about him most? children whose families have taught them to hate They hate being apart from each other. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

At that City Council meeting, vile words of hate were spewed towards LGBTQ citizens by members of the public from the podium. Dean Wallace, The Mercury News, "Opinion: How two Dublins ended up flying the flag of LGBTQ Pride," 25 June 2019 Regulators and telecommunication companies aren’t providing advance warnings or justification for these suspensions too—even though some have linked them to preserving public safety, limiting hate speech, and reducing exam cheats. Abdi Latif Dahir, Quartz Africa, "The numbing experience of living through Africa’s growing internet shutdowns," 24 June 2019 North Carolina Ht: 6-9 Wt: 210 Pos: SG/SF Age: 23 The Spurs had a love-hate relationship with the 3-point shot last season. ExpressNews.com, "Who could the Spurs take in the NBA Draft?," 15 June 2019 Samir Kalra, managing director of HAF, talked of a spike in hate crimes against Hindus, including hate speech and the desecration of temples. Anahita Mukherji, Quartz India, "A hate crime against an Indian-American unites Silicon Valley’s Sunnyvale," 31 May 2019 Despite the horrific nature of the messages received by Tess, Natalie, and Whitney, the activists aren’t allowing the hate to stop them from speaking out. De Elizabeth, Teen Vogue, "Tess Holliday, Natalie Hage, and Whitney Way Thore Speak Out Against Death Threats," 10 Nov. 2018 According to a report by The Verge, YouTube removed four videos from Jones' channel that allegedly contained instances of hate speech and child endangerment and issued one strike to his account. Valentina Palladino, Ars Technica, "YouTube comes down on Alex Jones for hate speech, child endangerment content," 26 July 2018 In addition to mounting legal troubles, Jones and InfoWars have been banned from nearly every major social media platform for various terms of service violations, including hate speech. Cnn.com Wire Service, The Mercury News, "Alex Jones penalized by court for tirade about Sandy Hook families’ lawyer," 19 June 2019 Left behind in the yearbook pages of early 21st-century pop culture, alongside Myspace and High School Musical, the Jonas Brothers have reassembled, reemerged, and the hate-everything public of 2019 is...thrilled. Jason Gay, Harper's BAZAAR, "Jonas Brothers: From Pop Stars to Rock Stars," 6 June 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Schaffer told me that hate speech had been a problem on YouTube since its earliest days. Neima Jahromi, The New Yorker, "The Fight for the Future of YouTube," 8 July 2019 San Francisco Pride included Google as a sponsor, prompting backlash from a group of Google employees who spoke of harassment and hate speech directed toward LGBTQ people on Google platforms. Elizabeth Lawrence, USA TODAY, "Hundreds of thousands expected to celebrate World Pride in NYC," 30 June 2019 While official explanations of shutdowns are rare, some governments have attributed them to combating fake news, hate speech, or limiting violence. Abdi Latif Dahir, Quartz Africa, "Mauritania blocked the internet over protests though just one in five people are online," 28 June 2019 When hate speech is from the government Thorny questions await the team and Facebook. NBC News, "Facebook's new rapid response team has a crucial task: Avoid fueling another genocide," 20 June 2019 Is this person coming to the army to be an ideological right-winger and hate the Arabs and want to hurt them and impose harsh punishments on them? Batya Ungar-sargon, The New York Review of Books, "A Palestinian in Israeli Military Court: Issa Amro, the Judge, & Me," 17 June 2019 Arcega-Whiteside, something of a technician, seems to hate being the new guy who hasn’t mastered all the details. Les Bowen, https://www.inquirer.com, "J.J. Arcega-Whiteside is showing red-zone talents the Eagles were looking for when they drafted him," 5 June 2019 Some people have allergies, some have legitimate phobias, and some hate returning to their desks only to find their computer cords chewed up by a co-worker’s puppy. Sarah Todd, Quartz at Work, "The most dog-friendly offices in the US, according to Rover.com," 12 June 2019 And, like other social networks like Facebook, hate speech is a major problem along with political extremism. Danielle Abril, Fortune, "YouTube Finally Bans Supremacist Videos After 14 Years. What Took So Long?," 5 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hate


12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for hate


Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to hate entry 2," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"

Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).


Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- hate entry 1

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Statistics for hate

Last Updated

10 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for hate

The first known use of hate was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for hate



English Language Learners Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a very strong feeling of dislike



English Language Learners Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to dislike (someone) very strongly : to feel hate for (someone)
: to dislike (something) very strongly : to find (something) very unpleasant
used to apologize for doing something or to express regret or guilt often followed by to + verb


\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Kids Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: deep and bitter dislike


hated; hating

Kids Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to feel great dislike toward
hate someone's guts
: to hate someone very much

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More from Merriam-Webster on hate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with hate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for hate

Spanish Central: Translation of hate

Nglish: Translation of hate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hate for Arabic Speakers

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