1

hate

noun, often attributive \ ˈhāt \
Updated on: 15 Nov 2017

Definition of hate

1 a : intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
b : extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing
  • had a great hate of hard work
2 : an object of hatred
  • a generation whose finest hate had been big business
  • —F. L. Paxson

Examples of hate in a Sentence

  1. These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate.

  2. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears.

Recent Examples of hate from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of hate

Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to 2hate," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"
Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).


2

hate

verb

Definition of hate

hated; hating
transitive verb
1 : to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility
  • hates his country's enemies
2 : to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful
  • hated to have to meet strangers
  • hate hypocrisy
intransitive verb
: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility
  • harsh faces and hating eyes
  • —Katherine A. Porter

hater

noun
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity

Examples of hate in a Sentence

  1. He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people.

  2. She hated them for betraying her.

  3. They were political rivals who truly hated each other.

  4. What is it that you hate about him most?

  5. children whose families have taught them to hate

  6. They hate being apart from each other.

  7. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week.

Recent Examples of hate from the Web

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Origin and Etymology of hate

Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- 1hate

hate Synonyms

Synonym Discussion of hate

hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for. hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice.
    • hated the enemy with a passion
detest suggests violent antipathy.
    • detests cowards
abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance.
    • a crime abhorred by all
abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation.
    • abominates all forms of violence
loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance.
    • loathed the mere sight of them


HATE Defined for English Language Learners

hate

noun

Definition of hate for English Language Learners

  • : a very strong feeling of dislike


hate

verb

Definition of hate for English Language Learners

  • : to dislike (someone) very strongly : to feel hate for (someone)

  • : to dislike (something) very strongly : to find (something) very unpleasant


HATE Defined for Kids

1

hate

noun \ ˈhāt \

Definition of hate for Students

: deep and bitter dislike

2

hate

verb

Definition of hate for Students

hated; hating
: to feel great dislike toward
hate someone's guts
: to hate someone very much


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