noun, often attributive
\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
b : extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing had a great hate of hard work
c : a systematic and especially politically exploited expression of hatred a crime motivated by bigotry and hate often used before another noun hate mailan organization tracking hate groups — see also hate crime
2 : an object of hatred a generation whose finest hate had been big business— F. L. Paxson


hated; hating

Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility hates his country's enemies
2 : to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful hated to have to meet strangers hate hypocrisy

intransitive verb

: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility harsh faces and hating eyes— Katherine A. Porter
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity

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Other Words from hate


hater noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for hate

Synonyms: Noun

abhorrence, abomination, detestation, execration, hatred, loathing

Synonyms: Verb

abhor, abominate, despise, detest, execrate, loathe

Antonyms: Noun

affection, devotion, fondness, love

Antonyms: Verb


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Choose the Right Synonym for hate


hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for. hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice. hated the enemy with a passion detest suggests violent antipathy. detests cowards abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance. a crime abhorred by all abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation. abominates all forms of violence loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance. loathed the mere sight of them

Examples of hate in a Sentence


These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears.


He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people. She hated them for betraying her. They were political rivals who truly hated each other. What is it that you hate about him most? children whose families have taught them to hate They hate being apart from each other. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

Cases like this have led to a moral panic about whether TikTok is promoting bullying, hate-speech and child abuse, and sharing user data with China (a claim the company has denied). The Economist, "This Indian TikTok star wants you to know his name," 13 Sep. 2019 In a recent tweet, the United Sikhs allege Singh's death was motivated by prejudice, while the Sikh Coalition, an advocacy organization, also suggest that hate had something to do with the crime. Susan Scutti, CNN, "A religious group asks the FBI to help investigate the death of a Sikh man in California," 29 Aug. 2019 As soon as one online hate group is squashed, another pops up in its place—often on another platform. Eva Frederick, Science | AAAS, "‘Dark pools’ of hate flourish online. Here are four controversial ways to fight them," 22 Aug. 2019 But the recent wave of violence challenges any notion that hate is on the decline. San Diego Union-Tribune, "Pay attention to the little things, hate crimes experts say. It could make all the difference.," 15 Aug. 2019 The cats supposedly can't even be in the same house, given their hate for each other. Jr Radcliffe, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Twin Bucks players Robin and Brook Lopez have a faux-hate relationship for years, but for their cats, the hate is real," 1 July 2019 Cases like this have led to a moral panic about whether TikTok is promoting bullying, hate-speech and child abuse, and sharing user data with China (a claim the company has denied). The Economist, "This Indian TikTok star wants you to know his name," 13 Sep. 2019 Cases like this have led to a moral panic about whether TikTok is promoting bullying, hate-speech and child abuse, and sharing user data with China (a claim the company has denied). Snigdha Poonam, 1843, "This Indian TikTok star wants you to know his name," 12 Sep. 2019 Members of the Jesuit school’s LGBTQ community felt threatened, and some viewed the column as hate speech. Mary Kilpatrick, cleveland.com, "John Carroll University president: ‘Drag show is not the best way to proceed’," 10 Sep. 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

When critics accuse social media platforms of ignoring problems like misinformation, hate speech, and harassment, the companies often defend themselves by touting their relationships with outside nonprofits and researchers. Louise Matsakis, WIRED, "Twitter Trust and Safety Advisers Say They’re Being Ignored," 23 Aug. 2019 The guys hate trap game talk ... but there could be something to this. Doug Lesmerises, cleveland.com, "Could Ohio State football fall in an Indiana trap? Buckeye Talk Podcast," 11 Sep. 2019 Anti-Muslim sentiment and hate speech blew across the country like a wildfire. Mary Ann Grossmann, Twin Cities, "3 new fall books: Moving to Minnesota, a moving Muslim story and Monkeewrench," 8 Sep. 2019 Online shoppers hate waiting for their packages to arrive and expect faster shipping times these days according to a new survey. Alexandria Burris, Indianapolis Star, "Amazon launches on-demand grocery delivery service for Prime members in Indianapolis," 4 Sep. 2019 This effort has led many of the companies involved to change their policies governing hate speech and disinformation on their platforms. Scott Shackelford, The Conversation, "In a world of cyber threats, the push for cyber peace is growing," 3 Sep. 2019 Death threats, rape threats, and hate speech all clearly qualify as harassment. Sarah Todd, Quartz at Work, "Is it ever okay to express your anger by emailing someone else’s boss?," 27 Aug. 2019 Buck has done all of this while knowing so many people hate him. Andy Nesbitt, For The Win, "I think we can all agree that Joe Buck is the greatest announcer of all time," 8 Aug. 2019 Immediately visible are boards featuring the site's hallmark hate speech. Graham Kates, CBS News, "8chan struggles to stay online after links to mass shootings," 6 Aug. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hate


12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for hate


Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to hate entry 2," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"

Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).


Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- hate entry 1

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Statistics for hate

Last Updated

2 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for hate

The first known use of hate was before the 12th century

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More Definitions for hate



English Language Learners Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a very strong feeling of dislike



English Language Learners Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to dislike (someone) very strongly : to feel hate for (someone)
: to dislike (something) very strongly : to find (something) very unpleasant
used to apologize for doing something or to express regret or guilt often followed by to + verb


\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Kids Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: deep and bitter dislike


hated; hating

Kids Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to feel great dislike toward
hate someone's guts
: to hate someone very much

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More from Merriam-Webster on hate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with hate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for hate

Spanish Central: Translation of hate

Nglish: Translation of hate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hate for Arabic Speakers

Comments on hate

What made you want to look up hate? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


suitable to be imparted to the public

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