noun, often attributive
\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
b : extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing had a great hate of hard work
c : a systematic and especially politically exploited expression of hatred a crime motivated by bigotry and hate often used before another noun hate mailan organization tracking hate groups — see also hate crime
2 : an object of hatred a generation whose finest hate had been big business— F. L. Paxson


hated; hating

Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility hates his country's enemies
2 : to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful hated to have to meet strangers hate hypocrisy

intransitive verb

: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility harsh faces and hating eyes— Katherine A. Porter
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity

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Synonyms & Antonyms for hate

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Verb

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Choose the Right Synonym for hate


hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for. hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice. hated the enemy with a passion detest suggests violent antipathy. detests cowards abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance. a crime abhorred by all abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation. abominates all forms of violence loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance. loathed the mere sight of them

Examples of hate in a Sentence

Noun These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears. Verb He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people. She hated them for betraying her. They were political rivals who truly hated each other. What is it that you hate about him most? children whose families have taught them to hate They hate being apart from each other. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The platform, like so many others, has a misinformation and hate-speech problem. Alizeh Kohari, The Atlantic, 6 Oct. 2021 Haugen suggested legislation that would force companies like Facebook to open their systems to researchers to study the prevalence of hate speech and other harmful content. BostonGlobe.com, 6 Oct. 2021 The company added that the amount of hate speech users actually encounter has declined in each of the last five quarters. Kris Van Cleave, CBS News, 5 Oct. 2021 Even when dozens of major brands pulled their advertising over Facebook's lax approach to regulating hate speech, the company barely felt a ding. Allison Morrow, CNN, 5 Oct. 2021 One internal Facebook study leaked by Haugen found that Facebook took action on as little as 3% to 5% of hate speech, according to 60 Minutes. Jessica Guynn, USA TODAY, 5 Oct. 2021 The series focused on Facebook’s decisions to highlight hate speech and to push products that are harmful to teens. Nicole Goodkind, Fortune, 5 Oct. 2021 In those reports Haugen detailed the blatant disregard Facebook chose concerning hate speech, misinformation, and violence. Daniel Strauss, The New Republic, 5 Oct. 2021 The complaints alleged that Facebook has been hiding its shortcoming about stopping the spread of hate speech and misinformation on its service to investors and the public. Jordan Moreau, Variety, 4 Oct. 2021 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The biggest question, though, is whether today’s passionate WWE fan base will buy it—or hate it. Blake Oestriecher, Forbes, 10 Oct. 2021 In the interview, Haugen accused the company of hiding from investors and the public the ways its platform is used to spread hate undermine democracy. Peter Wade, Rolling Stone, 4 Oct. 2021 But hate crimes against LGBTQ people jumped by 36 percent last year, according to police figures that highlight a rising trend of homophobia in parts of German society. NBC News, 28 Sep. 2021 The white residents of Money hate them out of prejudice; the Black ones distrust them as cops. Julian Lucas, The New Yorker, 20 Sep. 2021 The premise was lawmakers would hate the uncertainty of districts shifting every four to six years, and mapmakers would avoid the risk of a commission controlled by the other party. Jessie Balmert, The Enquirer, 17 Sep. 2021 Clay Helton's players hate the fact their head coach's firing was a cause for celebration for much of Southern California's vast football fan base. Greg Beacham, ajc, 15 Sep. 2021 Many Americans struggled to understand why an enemy would hate us with such zeal. ABC News, 11 Sep. 2021 Lane chronicles the saxophonist’s rise to fame while also, humorously, exploring the love and the intense hate his music incites. Addie Morfoot, Variety, 11 Sep. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hate


12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for hate


Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to hate entry 2," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"

Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).


Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- hate entry 1

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Time Traveler for hate

Time Traveler

The first known use of hate was before the 12th century

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Dictionary Entries Near hate

hat dance



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Statistics for hate

Last Updated

14 Oct 2021

Cite this Entry

“Hate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hate. Accessed 18 Oct. 2021.

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More Definitions for hate



English Language Learners Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a very strong feeling of dislike



English Language Learners Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to dislike (someone) very strongly : to feel hate for (someone)
: to dislike (something) very strongly : to find (something) very unpleasant
used to apologize for doing something or to express regret or guilt often followed by to + verb


\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Kids Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: deep and bitter dislike


hated; hating

Kids Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to feel great dislike toward
hate someone's guts
: to hate someone very much

More from Merriam-Webster on hate

Nglish: Translation of hate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hate for Arabic Speakers


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