\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
b : extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing had a great hate of hard work
c : a systematic and especially politically exploited expression of hatred a crime motivated by bigotry and hate often used before another noun hate mailan organization tracking hate groups — see also hate crime
2 : an object of hatred a generation whose finest hate had been big business— F. L. Paxson


hated; hating

Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility hates his country's enemies
2 : to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful hated to have to meet strangers hate hypocrisy

intransitive verb

: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility harsh faces and hating eyes— Katherine A. Porter
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity

Synonyms & Antonyms for hate

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Verb

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Choose the Right Synonym for hate


hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for. hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice. hated the enemy with a passion detest suggests violent antipathy. detests cowards abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance. a crime abhorred by all abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation. abominates all forms of violence loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance. loathed the mere sight of them

Examples of hate in a Sentence

Noun These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears. Verb He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people. She hated them for betraying her. They were political rivals who truly hated each other. What is it that you hate about him most? children whose families have taught them to hate They hate being apart from each other. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week. See More
Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Facebook is now telling English speaking users when their content is removed for hate speech and is testing that policy for content in Arabic, Spanish, and Portuguese, as well as for posts removed for bullying and harassment, the report said. Naomi Nix, Washington Post, 22 June 2022 The police chief stressed that hate speech is not tolerated in the community. John Benson, cleveland, 20 June 2022 A week after hearing from Meta, Global Witness submitted two more ads for approval, again with blatant hate speech. Barbara Ortutay, Chicago Tribune, 9 June 2022 Rights groups such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have also accused Modi’s party of looking the other way and sometimes enabling hate speech against Muslims, who are 14 percent of India’s 1.4 billion people. Leila Sackur, NBC News, 9 June 2022 A week after hearing from Meta, Global Witness submitted two more ads for approval, again with blatant hate speech. Barbara Ortutay, ajc, 9 June 2022 However, others who supported Hodges’ removal said his religion shouldn’t be an excuse to allow hate speech. Emily Alvarenga, San Diego Union-Tribune, 9 June 2022 The forum is widely known for hate speech, and offensive material quickly proliferated. Emily Dreibelbis, PCMAG, 8 June 2022 Your primary brief wasn’t to calibrate the harms done by hate speech to the climate of your workplace. New York Times, 7 June 2022 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Lithium-ion batteries hate two things: extreme cold and extreme heat. PCMAG, 13 June 2022 Security leaders have also shared the nefarious potential of location data abuse related to blackmail, hate crimes and denial of health insurance. Mikael Berner, Forbes, 9 June 2022 New York City saw a 262% increase in AAPI hate crimes from 2020 to 2021, according to a Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism report. Sarah Beth Guevara, ABC News, 29 May 2022 From March 19, 2020, to Dec. 31, 2021, Stop AAPI Hate received reports of a total of 10,905 hate incidents against Asian American and Pacific Islander persons were reported to Stop AAPI Hate, about 4,100 of which occurred in California. San Diego Union-Tribune, 20 May 2022 From March 19, 2020, to the end of last year, 10,905 hate incidents against Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders were reported to the group Stop AAPI Hate. Vanessa Hua, CNN, 16 Mar. 2022 Lapira points out that hate crimes against Asian Americans have increased dramatically over the past year, citing recent examples including a New York man's attack on seven Asian women in a single day just earlier this week. Rachel Schonberger, EW.com, 4 Mar. 2022 Regardless, these numbers aren’t an accurate count of how often hate crimes occur. Paighten Harkins, The Salt Lake Tribune, 31 May 2022 Violence and hate against Black, Jewish, Asian American, Latinx and LGBTQ communities, especially over the last seven years, further erode America’s democratic promise. Peniel Joseph, CNN, 26 May 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of hate


12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for hate


Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to hate entry 2," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"

Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).


Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- hate entry 1

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Time Traveler for hate

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The first known use of hate was before the 12th century

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Last Updated

28 Jun 2022

Cite this Entry

“Hate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hate. Accessed 29 Jun. 2022.

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More Definitions for hate


\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Kids Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: deep and bitter dislike


hated; hating

Kids Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to feel great dislike toward
hate someone's guts
: to hate someone very much

More from Merriam-Webster on hate

Nglish: Translation of hate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hate for Arabic Speakers


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