noun, often attributive
\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
b : extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing had a great hate of hard work
c : a systematic and especially politically exploited expression of hatred a crime motivated by bigotry and hate often used before another nounhate mailan organization tracking hate groups — see also hate crime
2 : an object of hatred a generation whose finest hate had been big business— F. L. Paxson


hated; hating

Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility hates his country's enemies
2 : to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful hated to have to meet strangers hate hypocrisy

intransitive verb

: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility harsh faces and hating eyes— Katherine A. Porter
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity

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Other Words from hate


hater noun

Synonyms & Antonyms for hate

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Verb

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Choose the Right Synonym for hate


hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for. hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice. hated the enemy with a passion detest suggests violent antipathy. detests cowards abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance. a crime abhorred by all abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation. abominates all forms of violence loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance. loathed the mere sight of them

Examples of hate in a Sentence

Noun These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears. Verb He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people. She hated them for betraying her. They were political rivals who truly hated each other. What is it that you hate about him most? children whose families have taught them to hate They hate being apart from each other. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun As regular readers know, the Insult-A-Columnist Holiday Food Drive, which allows people to express their love or hate for me by donating to the Greater Chicago Food Depository, is in full swing. Rex Huppke, chicagotribune.com, "Column: Santa Pelosi drops a sack of impeachment down Trump’s chimney: The Week in Review," 6 Dec. 2019 Then there’s the lingering question, does the hockey culture of 2019 allow such bigotry and hate, and abuse both verbal and physical, to linger and fester in the shadows? BostonGlobe.com, "Bill Peters," 1 Dec. 2019 Gone were the grand protestations against hate and bigotry, now replaced with quieter, more intimate vignettes into his deep love for his boyfriend, Alan. Billboard Staff, Billboard, "The 25 Best LGBTQ Albums of the 2010s: Staff Picks," 22 Nov. 2019 However, there is not yet a way to evaluate or understand the relationship between writing words of hate and taking action. Allyssa Mccabe, The Conversation, "Analyzing online posts could help spot future mass shooters and terrorists," 23 Oct. 2019 Algorithms are already used to remove online hate speech. Christopher Intagliata, Scientific American, "Artificial Intelligence Learns to Talk Back to Bigots," 10 Oct. 2019 Ethiopia is one country where observers have said hate and dangerous speech online has triggered or exacerbated violence that has displaced 3 million people in recent years. Abdi Latif Dahir, Quartz Africa, "The miscalculations African governments keep making with social media and internet blocks," 3 Oct. 2019 The first one is about what sentiment wins, McCarthyism to Governor Wallace, his bigotry and hate and fearmongering. The New Yorker, "Cory Booker Considers His Presidential Prospects," 28 Sep. 2019 The 1930 comedy of manners — that debuted on Broadway in 1931 — focuses on Amanda and Elyot, who are a clear example of the fine line between love and hate. Pomerado News, "REVIEW: PowPAC’s ‘Private Lives’ is full of comedy and action," 21 Aug. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb That prompted hate groups to embrace the brand and the company to defend its image. Grace Schneider, The Courier-Journal, "John Schnatter's wife files for divorce, saying their 32-year marriage is broken," 5 Dec. 2019 Some saw confirmation of this attitude in the recent decision by Belgian prosecutors to drop hate speech charges against four soccer fans who admitted to singing about burning Jews during a soccer match. Cnaan Liphshiz, sun-sentinel.com, "Belgian parade that mocked Jews gives up its UNESCO endorsement," 4 Dec. 2019 The European Union has emerged as a key battleground for tech because of its tough rules on data protection, hate speech, taxation and competition issues. Charles Riley, CNN, "Google and Facebook run into more trouble over data in Europe," 2 Dec. 2019 The new statistics, however, conceal a structural problem Facebook is yet to overcome: not all hate speech is treated equally. Billy Perrigo, Time, "Facebook Says It’s Removing More Hate Speech Than Ever Before. But There’s a Catch," 26 Nov. 2019 In the past two months, hate speech, sexism and homophobia has been amplified in the country. Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah, Essence, "Evangelicals Target Ghana In The ‘Year Of Return’," 18 Nov. 2019 The data include information on whether the address was reported as containing fake news, spam, or hate speech, and how many times it was shared without being clicked on. Jeffrey Mervis, Science | AAAS, "Privacy concerns could derail unprecedented plan to use Facebook data to study elections," 24 Sep. 2019 For the most part people only talk about things they either love or hate. Joelle Goldstein, PEOPLE.com, "South Dakota's $500K Anti-Meth Campaign Says 'We're On It' — and Draws Major Criticism Online," 18 Nov. 2019 The dangers of fake news in fueling greater polarization, hate speech, government surveillance, and control are well known. John J Stremlau, Quartz Africa, "The fall of the Berlin Wall 30 years ago still resonates across Africa," 8 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hate


12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for hate


Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to hate entry 2," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"

Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).


Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- hate entry 1

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Time Traveler for hate

Time Traveler

The first known use of hate was before the 12th century

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Statistics for hate

Last Updated

11 Dec 2019

Cite this Entry

“Hate.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hated. Accessed 13 December 2019.

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More Definitions for hate


How to pronounce hate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a very strong feeling of dislike



English Language Learners Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to dislike (someone) very strongly : to feel hate for (someone)
: to dislike (something) very strongly : to find (something) very unpleasant
used to apologize for doing something or to express regret or guilt often followed by to + verb


\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Kids Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: deep and bitter dislike


hated; hating

Kids Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to feel great dislike toward
hate someone's guts
: to hate someone very much

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More from Merriam-Webster on hate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for hate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with hate

Spanish Central: Translation of hate

Nglish: Translation of hate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hate for Arabic Speakers

Comments on hate

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easily led, controlled, or managed

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