noun, often attributive
\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury
b : extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing had a great hate of hard work
c : a systematic and especially politically exploited expression of hatred a crime motivated by bigotry and hate often used before another nounhate mailan organization tracking hate groups — see also hate crime
2 : an object of hatred a generation whose finest hate had been big business— F. L. Paxson


hated; hating

Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

1 : to feel extreme enmity toward : to regard with active hostility hates his country's enemies
2 : to have a strong aversion to : find very distasteful hated to have to meet strangers hate hypocrisy

intransitive verb

: to express or feel extreme enmity or active hostility harsh faces and hating eyes— Katherine A. Porter
hate one's guts
: to hate someone with great intensity

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Synonyms & Antonyms for hate

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

Antonyms: Noun

Antonyms: Verb

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Choose the Right Synonym for hate


hate, detest, abhor, abominate, loathe mean to feel strong aversion or intense dislike for. hate implies an emotional aversion often coupled with enmity or malice. hated the enemy with a passion detest suggests violent antipathy. detests cowards abhor implies a deep often shuddering repugnance. a crime abhorred by all abominate suggests strong detestation and often moral condemnation. abominates all forms of violence loathe implies utter disgust and intolerance. loathed the mere sight of them

Examples of hate in a Sentence

Noun These crimes are motivated by prejudice and hate. They have been unable to overcome their hates and fears. Verb He was a cruel tyrant who was hated and feared by his people. She hated them for betraying her. They were political rivals who truly hated each other. What is it that you hate about him most? children whose families have taught them to hate They hate being apart from each other. I hate the idea of leaving my mother alone all week.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun However, spreading misinformation, fear and hate mongering doesn’t help anything at all. Priscilla Totiyapungprasert, azcentral, "How Asian food festival organizers in metro Phoenix are responding to coronavirus fears," 13 Feb. 2020 The measure, which is named after Collins, would clarify that hate does not have to be the sole motivation for a hate crime. USA TODAY, "Jornada del Muerto, Livestrong rebrand, Mach 8 tunnel: News from around our 50 states," 12 Feb. 2020 White supremacists spread a record amount of propaganda across the U.S. last year, as hate groups attempt to increase their numbers, according to a new report. Jennifer Calfas, WSJ, "White Supremacists Amp Up Propaganda, Report Says," 12 Feb. 2020 The hate charges being announced Thursday are the latest by federal prosecutors following high-profile violent incidents. CBS News, "Alleged El Paso Walmart gunman charged with federal hate crimes," 7 Feb. 2020 Etsy has met an important diversity goal, the racist response to the coronavirus, a building at Berkeley gets a new name, and a hate-spewing robocaller gets a big phone bill. Ellen Mcgirt, Fortune, "The racist response to the coronavirus," 31 Jan. 2020 Hopefully, this means that Hailey will stop getting hate from now on. Tamara Fuentes, Seventeen, "Hailey Baldwin Reveals Genetic Condition After Fans Make Fun of Her Pinky Finger," 30 Jan. 2020 Timon’s absence is the most expressive coda imaginable, leaving the impenetrable image of a coastal tomb washed by waves, beyond language and beyond hate entirely. Geoffrey O’brien, The New York Review of Books, "A Timon for Our Time," 29 Jan. 2020 The 695 has a love-hate following among owners and former owners. Curtis Niedermier, Outdoor Life, "The 15 Best Shotguns for Deer Hunting," 18 Nov. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb What is the percentage of African Americans on food stamps?’’ ‘‘Why do African Americans hate the police? Katie Shepherd, BostonGlobe.com, "Brigham Young condemns ‘racist, anonymous comments’ aimed at Black students," 11 Feb. 2020 This is the trifecta of challenges that all mid-winter ice anglers hate: low light, low dissolved oxygen, and low temperatures. Outdoor Life, "3 Killer Ice Fishing Tactics For Mid-Winter Pike, Walleyes, and Panfish," 17 Jan. 2020 But the ugly truth about taxes is that many people hate giving up income to provide for services that make their lives and those of others better. Washington Post, "The Secure Act is exposing the ugly truth about people’s hatred of paying taxes," 13 Jan. 2020 The narrative is interspersed with recipes, because if food is love, why shouldn’t hate get a meal, too. Alexandra Ossola, Quartz, "Before We Knew Better: Nora Ephron’s Heartburn offers a complicated look at women, and at feminism," 16 Dec. 2019 The survey, commissioned by same-day grocery delivery company Instacart, didn’t say why people hate green bean casserole, which is built on a foundation of canned cream of mushroom soup. Mark Price, chicagotribune.com, "This is the beloved Thanksgiving ‘classic’ most people hate to eat, survey reveals," 19 Nov. 2019 Why does Mike Pence hate women?’ There is that feeling out there. Joe Garofoli, SFChronicle.com, "How ‘President Pence’ would change the 2020 race," 2 Nov. 2019 Add to that more troublesome uses – bullying a classmate, hate speech or reading fabricated news. Byron Reeves, The Conversation, "Screen time: Conclusions about the effects of digital media are often incomplete, irrelevant or wrong," 15 Jan. 2020 Isolated from the rest of humanity on its own private island, Tangle Tower is home to an extended family whose members don’t necessarily hate each other but don’t particularly love each other, either. Susan Arendt, Ars Technica, "The hidden gems of Apple Arcade," 22 Nov. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of hate


12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for hate


Middle English, probably derivative of haten "to hate entry 2," replacing hete "hate, hatred," going back to Old English, going back to Germanic *hatiz- (whence, also inflected as an i-stem as in Old English, Old Saxon heti "hatred," and, inflected as a neuter strong noun, Old Norse hatr "hatred, spite" and Gothic hatis "anger, enmity"), perhaps going back to Indo-European *ḱh2d-es-, derivative of a base *ḱeh2d- "grief, pain, hatred," whence, with different ablaut grades and suffixation, Oscan cadeis (genitive singular) "ill will," Middle Irish cais "love, hatred," Old Welsh cás "bitterness, hatred" (Celtic from a derivative *ḱh2d-ti-), Greek kêdos (neuter) "care, grief, (in plural) funeral rites, mourning, connection by marriage," Avestan sādra- "grief, pain, calamity"

Note: Though this Indo-European etymon is generally accepted in etymological dictionaries of the relevant older languages, the semantic relations are far from transparent, in particular the relation between "grief, mourning, care" (Greek, Iranian) and "hatred" (Germanic, Italic, and Celtic, though the ambiguity of the Irish word is peculiar).


Middle English haten, going back to Old English hatian, going back to Germanic *hatōjan- (whence Old Saxon haton "to hate," Old High German hazzōn, Old Norse hata,), derivative from the base of *hatiz- hate entry 1

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Time Traveler for hate

Time Traveler

The first known use of hate was before the 12th century

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Statistics for hate

Last Updated

20 Feb 2020

Cite this Entry

“Hate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hate?show=0&t=1386184226. Accessed 21 Feb. 2020.

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More Definitions for hate


How to pronounce hate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a very strong feeling of dislike



English Language Learners Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to dislike (someone) very strongly : to feel hate for (someone)
: to dislike (something) very strongly : to find (something) very unpleasant
used to apologize for doing something or to express regret or guilt often followed by to + verb


\ ˈhāt How to pronounce hate (audio) \

Kids Definition of hate

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: deep and bitter dislike


hated; hating

Kids Definition of hate (Entry 2 of 2)

: to feel great dislike toward
hate someone's guts
: to hate someone very much

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More from Merriam-Webster on hate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for hate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with hate

Spanish Central: Translation of hate

Nglish: Translation of hate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of hate for Arabic Speakers

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