gross

1 of 4

adjective

1
a(1)
: glaringly noticeable usually because of inexcusable badness or objectionableness
a gross error
(2)
: out-and-out, utter
a gross injustice
b
: visible without the aid of a microscope
a gross lesion
c
archaic : immediately obvious
Now to all sense 'tis gross you love my son.William Shakespeare
2
a
: coarse in nature or behavior : unrefined
has gross table manners
b
: gravely deficient in civility or decency : crudely vulgar
merely gross, a scatological rather than a pornographic improprietyAldous Huxley
c
informal : inspiring disgust or distaste
That sandwich looks gross.
3
a
: of, relating to, or dealing with general aspects or broad distinctions
a gross outline of the plan
b
: consisting of an overall total exclusive of deductions
gross income
compare net
4
a
: big, bulky
b
: growing or spreading with excessive luxuriance
a gross riot of vegetation
5
: made up of material or perceptible elements
6
: deficient in knowledge : ignorant, untutored
7
archaic : not fastidious in taste : undiscriminating
grossly adverb
grossness noun

gross

2 of 4

verb

grossed; grossing; grosses

transitive verb

: to earn or bring in (an overall total) exclusive of deductions (as for taxes or expenses)
The movie grossed over 100 million dollars.
grosser noun

gross

3 of 4

noun (1)

1
: overall total exclusive of deductions
The company's gross doubled in five years.
2
obsolete : amount, sum

gross

4 of 4

noun (2)

plural gross
: an aggregate of 12 dozen things
a gross of pencils
Choose the Right Synonym for gross

coarse, vulgar, gross, obscene, ribald mean offensive to good taste or morals.

coarse implies roughness, rudeness, or crudeness of spirit, behavior, or language.

found the coarse humor of coworkers offensive

vulgar often implies boorishness or ill-breeding.

a loud vulgar belch

gross implies extreme coarseness and insensitiveness.

gross eating habits

obscene applies to anything strongly repulsive to the sense of decency and propriety especially in sexual matters.

obscene language not allowed on the air

ribald applies to what is amusingly or picturesquely vulgar or irreverent or mildly indecent.

entertained the campers with ribald folk songs

flagrant, glaring, gross, rank mean conspicuously bad or objectionable.

flagrant applies usually to offenses or errors so bad that they can neither escape notice nor be condoned.

flagrant abuse of the office of president

glaring implies painful or damaging obtrusiveness of something that is conspicuously wrong, faulty, or improper.

glaring errors

gross implies the exceeding of reasonable or excusable limits.

gross carelessness

rank applies to what is openly and extremely objectionable and utterly condemned.

rank heresy

Examples of gross in a Sentence

Adjective They have suffered a gross injustice. She has a gross habit of chewing on the ends of her hair. Verb They grossed $50,000 before taxes.
Recent Examples on the Web
Verb
The $15 million feature grossed just under $30 million for Universal Pictures domestically and earned more than $57 million worldwide. Scott Roxborough, The Hollywood Reporter, 8 Feb. 2024 Despite the lack of recognition in certain categories, nothing can discount the fact that Barbie grossed over $1 billion worldwide and remains the biggest theatrical success of last year. Reece Rogers, WIRED, 5 Feb. 2024 Its final tour last year grossed nearly $115 million, according to figures reported to Billboard Boxscore, and sold nearly 850,000 tickets across 28 shows. Anna Chan, Billboard, 31 Jan. 2024 Afterlife grossed over $200 million at the box office against its $75 million production budget. Jennifer Ouellette, Ars Technica, 29 Jan. 2024 Eras grossed more than $900 million last year, according to Billboard estimates, and is on its way to earn more than any tour ever. Steve Knopper, Billboard, 27 Jan. 2024 That $17 million deal was reminiscent of last year’s New Zealand title Talk To Me, which landed at A24 and went on to gross over $90 million and has a sequel already in the works. Chris Gardner, The Hollywood Reporter, 26 Jan. 2024 The highest grossing film of the year did earn spots for Ryan Gosling in supporting actor and America Ferrera in supporting actress. Ryan Faughnder, Los Angeles Times, 24 Jan. 2024 Oppenheimer opened in theaters in July, and has since grossed nearly $1 billion at the box office. Alex Weprin, The Hollywood Reporter, 12 Jan. 2024
Noun
The film has a lower gross per showing, but ran more frequently. Alex Weprin, The Hollywood Reporter, 5 Feb. 2024 That made the trek the supergroup’s highest tour gross, with its previous best being the $53.7 million earned during the Fall Tour 2021. Anna Chan, Billboard, 31 Jan. 2024 If the idea of sucking your baby’s snot out grosses you out, Frida Baby also offers an electric aspirator that will do the dirty work for you, though Amazon reviewers tend to favor the manual version. Chaunie Brusie, Rn, Parents, 8 Jan. 2024 Many shows play nine performances rather than the typical eight, which also contributes to higher weekly grosses. Caitlin Huston, The Hollywood Reporter, 2 Jan. 2024 The movie’s North American opening-weekend gross of $46 million was the MCU’s worst, as was its 77 percent second-weekend drop, to $10 million. Daniel Foster, National Review, 30 Nov. 2023 The band finished ninth on the list of 2023’s biggest rock tours (and 23rd on the all-genre ranking) with a total gross of $77.2 million and 657,000 tickets from 18 shows on its Unlimited Love tour. Chris Eggertsen, Billboard, 17 Jan. 2024 That was an 83% improvement on the previous year, according to data from China Film Administration, but still 14.5% adrift of 2019, the last pre-COVID year, when grosses hit RMB64.3 billion. Patrick Frater, Variety, 3 Jan. 2024 This season’s holiday week, which ran from Dec. 25 through Dec. 31, was down 12.5 percent in grosses compared to the previous year. Caitlin Huston, The Hollywood Reporter, 2 Jan. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'gross.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Adjective, Verb, and Noun (1)

Middle English grosse, from Anglo-French & Late Latin; Anglo-French gros large, thick, whole, from Late Latin grossus coarse

Noun (2)

Middle English gros, probably from Anglo-French grosse sum, whole, from feminine of gros

First Known Use

Adjective

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1c

Verb

1884, in the meaning defined above

Noun (1)

1579, in the meaning defined at sense 2

Noun (2)

14th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of gross was in the 14th century

Dictionary Entries Near gross

Cite this Entry

“Gross.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/gross. Accessed 23 Feb. 2024.

Kids Definition

gross

1 of 4 adjective
1
a
: very obvious : glaring
a gross error
b
: shameful sense 1
gross injustice
2
: big entry 1 sense 2a, bulky
especially : excessively fat
3
: consisting of a whole before any deductions
gross earnings
4
: coarse sense 5, vulgar
gross language
5
: causing disgust or distaste
grossly adverb
grossness noun

gross

2 of 4 noun
: a whole before any deductions

gross

3 of 4 verb
: to earn before deductions
grossed $50,000 before taxes

gross

4 of 4 noun
plural gross
: 12 dozen
a gross of pencils
Etymology

Adjective

Middle English gros, gross "large, thick, easy to see or understand," from early French gros "thick, coarse," from Latin grossus (same meaning)

Noun

Middle English gros "a group of 12 dozen," probably from early French grosse "sum, whole," derived from gros "thick"

Medical Definition

gross

adjective
1
a
: glaringly or flagrantly obvious
b
: visible without the aid of a microscope : macroscopic
gross lesions
compare occult
2
: growing or spreading with excessive or abnormal luxuriance
3
: of, relating to, or dealing with general aspects or broad distinctions
important to understand the gross behavior of the sexually responding animalA. C. Kinsey
grossly adverb

Legal Definition

gross

1 of 3 adjective
1
: flagrant or extreme especially in badness or offensiveness : of very blameworthy character
a gross violation of the rules of ethics
a gross abuse of trust
2
: consisting of an overall total exclusive of deductions
gross annual earnings
compare net
grossly adverb
grossness noun

gross

2 of 3 noun
: overall total exclusive of deductions

gross

3 of 3 transitive verb
: to earn or bring in (an overall total) exclusive of deductions (as for taxes or expenses)
Etymology

Adjective

Middle English, immediately obvious, from Middle French gros thick, coarse, from Latin grossus

Biographical Definition

Gross

biographical name

David J(onathan) 1941–     American physicist

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