giv·​en | \ ˈgi-vən How to pronounce given (audio) \

Definition of given

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1 : prone, disposed given to swearing
2 : presented as a gift : bestowed without compensation
3a : particular, specified at a given time
b : assumed as actual or hypothetical : granted given that all are equal before the law
4 of an official document : having been executed : dated
5 : immediately present in experience



Definition of given (Entry 2 of 3)

: something given especially : something taken for granted : a basic condition or assumption It is a given that we are in an age of relentless competition.



Definition of given (Entry 3 of 3)

: in view of : considering given what she knew about others' lives, how could she complain about her own?— Marilyn French

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Synonyms & Antonyms for given

Synonyms: Adjective

accustomed, habituated, used, wont

Synonyms: Noun

assumption, hypothetical, if, postulate, premise (also premiss), presumption, presupposition, supposition

Antonyms: Adjective

unaccustomed, unused, unwonted

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Examples of given in a Sentence


a quiet man not given to loud expressions of emotion candidates for the quiz show must complete the qualifying test within a given amount of time


In our system it is a given that all are equal before the law. it's a given that television viewers are influenced by advertising, even consciously or subconsciously
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

In short, even experts looking in from the outside are hard-pressed to understand exactly how any given deep-learning algorithm arrives at a decision. Anil Ananthaswamy, Scientific American, "Faced with a Data Deluge, Astronomers Turn to Automation," 21 Aug. 2019 Block Island is unique in that, on any given summer day, ferries arrive in its two harbors from four states: Rhode Island (Newport and Point Judith), New York (Montauk), Connecticut (New London) and Massachusetts (Fall River). Vogue, "What’s Old Is New Again on Block Island," 14 Aug. 2019 Moreover, any correlation is only a probability: a finding that some genetic trait is more pronounced, on average, in a given population than another. Charles King, Time, "American Students Are Taught Racism Is Bad—But They're Still Not Learning the Truth About Race," 6 Aug. 2019 At any given moment, there are roughly 2,000 thunderstorms taking place. Joe Taschler, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Weekend looks to be warm and mostly sunny to start out with thunderstorms possible by Sunday," 25 July 2019 That was the charge given to us by community leaders and voters — including of color. New York Times, "‘Lock the S.O.B.s Up’: Joe Biden and the Era of Mass Incarceration," 25 June 2019 Even if small-caps over the long term live up to their impressive historical record over the past 50 years, the professors found there is a 24% probability that small-caps will nevertheless lag behind large-caps over any given decade. Mark Hulbert, WSJ, "Your Fund Performance Is Even More About Luck Than You Thought," 4 Nov. 2018 This is the chaotic scene on any given weekend at Bixby Bridge. Nick Rahaim,, "Traffic, selfies, poop: Tourists erode beauty of Big Sur," 5 July 2019 Finding such a player isn't always easy, given teams are incredibly reluctant to give up their top talents., "6 Positions Atletico Madrid Must Strengthen to Topple Barcelona & Real Madrid in La Liga," 1 July 2019

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

And though both are givens in fashion drops around their respective season, corduroy still hasn't totally shed its nostalgic veneer. Ana Colón, Glamour, "The Best Corduroy Pieces to Shop for Fall 2018," 22 Sep. 2018 Getty There are a few givens in the life of a professional tennis player: constant training, a calorie-pinching diet, and global travel for 11 months out of the year. Jeryl Lippe, Condé Nast Traveler, "Venus Williams and Rafael Nadal Told Us Their Dream Vacations," 27 Aug. 2018 Of that group, Friedrich and Cosart are far from givens to return – at least on major league deals. Jeff Sanders,, "Friar talk: Early look at Padres' 2018 payroll," 11 Oct. 2017 To Jones, there are two givens, his enduring love for South Florida, with an upcoming return to his Southwest Ranches home in summer, and an abiding respect for the Heat's culture. Ira Winderman,, "Winderman: Faith in Heat future extends beyond organization itself | Commentary," 14 July 2018 Tennessee's defense will be one of the great givens of the 2018-19 season. Patrick Stevens,, "Way-too-early projection of the 2019 NCAA tournament field: Loyola the only team from Illinois again," 3 Apr. 2018 Although people are born with some biological givens, the brain has many blank pages. Rob Verger, Newsweek, "Newsweek Rewind: 15 Years After Columbine, a Nation Still Asks ‘Why?’," 17 Apr. 2014 As the second half of the bill will explain, the emotional givens are only part of the equation. Jesse Green, New York Times, "Review: In a Double Bill of Physical Comedy, Laughter Is the Best Reflex," 1 Nov. 2017 The school has a very active group of parents and emphasizes science and technology — things that are not givens in many city schools. Kristen A. Graham,, "9 local schools win coveted National Blue Ribbon honor," 28 Sep. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'given.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of given


14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1


1879, in the meaning defined above


1904, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for given


see give entry 1

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Statistics for given

Last Updated

29 Aug 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for given

The first known use of given was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for given



English Language Learners Definition of given

 (Entry 1 of 3)

used to refer to a particular time, place, etc., that has been, will be, or might be specified



English Language Learners Definition of given (Entry 2 of 3)

: something that is regarded or accepted as true or real : a basic fact or assumption



English Language Learners Definition of given (Entry 3 of 3)

used to indicate something that is being assumed or considered often used in the phrase given that


giv·​en | \ ˈgi-vən How to pronounce given (audio) \

Kids Definition of given

1 : being likely to have or do something They are given to quarreling.
2 : decided on beforehand We meet at a given time.

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More from Merriam-Webster on given

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with given

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for given

Spanish Central: Translation of given

Nglish: Translation of given for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of given for Arabic Speakers

Comments on given

What made you want to look up given? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


authorized for issue (as a bond)

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