: inflammation of and damage to the laminae (see laminasense 4) and coffin bone in the hoof of a domesticated animal (such as a horse or cow) that is typically caused by poor diet, obesity, or diseases associated with inflammation : laminitis
The laminae are what hold the bone to the hoof. When they become compromised and inflamed, they cause severe pain and lameness. If they start to separate from the bone, it will cause sinking of the bone within the hoof which is called founder …—Lainie Kringen-Scholtz
Founder is related to Latin fundus, meaning "bottom" or "base." When something "founders," it usually hits the bottom in one sense or another. When a ship founders, it sinks to the bottom of the sea, for example, and if your endeavor is foundering, it isn't doing well and is therefore headed downward.
Her career foundered, and she moved from job to job for several years.
trying to save a foundering career
Recent Examples on the Web
Timnit Gebru, founder Distributed AI Research Institute No matter what actually spurred the conflict at OpenAI, the way in which it was resolved, with Altman back at the helm and his dissenters out, has played into a narrative: Altman emerging as victor, flanked by loyalists and boosters.—Kate Knibbs, WIRED, 28 Nov. 2023 This is Najah Roberts, a founder of one of the few brick-and-mortar cryptocurrency exchanges in the country.—WIRED, 16 Nov. 2023 Meta board member Marc Andreessen, founder of the firm Andreessen Horowitz, has condemned AI CEOs who have tried to use regulatory barriers to block open-source competition.—Nitasha Tiku, Washington Post, 15 Nov. 2023 Spears, founder of the Climate Cabinet, a national climate organization dedicated to winning elections, saw this challenge as a new project.—Yessenia Funes, The Verge, 14 Nov. 2023 In January, a Georgia woman, 32 weeks pregnant, was shackled for hours while waiting for a medical appointment and during transport, according to Pamela Winn, founder of RestoreHER US.America, a group that works with people entangled in the criminal justice system.—Renuka Rayasam, CBS News, 14 Nov. 2023 The founder of the candy giant, Menlo Smith, also manufactured iconic candies such as Pixy Stix, Sprees and Nerds, according to St. Louis Public Radio.—Sydney Borchers, Fox News, 4 Nov. 2023 Connecting a founder with the leaders of their next funding round is a substantial contribution.—Ruhama Wolle, Glamour, 3 Nov. 2023 The Department of Justice accused the FTX founder of misappropriating about $8 billion in customer funds.—Alan Murray, Fortune, 3 Nov. 2023
But those talks have been foundering and in June a leading state banker, Andrei Kostin, who heads Russia’s second biggest bank, VTB, suggested that the government should take temporary control of Yandex’s assets.—Catherine Belton, Washington Post, 10 Aug. 2023 Multiple efforts by the United States and the UN to broker peace foundered.—Uri Kaufman, Foreign Affairs, 20 Oct. 2023 Past efforts have foundered for many reasons, including the regular outbursts of religious and political violence that have roiled the region.—Michael Hiltzik, Los Angeles Times, 18 Oct. 2023 As the rest of the nation’s factory jobs have foundered, the dog-and-cat-food industry quietly built a near-two-decade winning streak, having added jobs every year since 2004.—Andrew Van Dam, Washington Post, 29 Sep. 2023 But then came the Psalms, and there my ambition foundered.—Jonathan Franzen, The New Yorker, 12 Aug. 2023 However, the new scheme all but foundered on its first run as the Ohio Supreme Court repeatedly deemed the congressional and legislative district maps, passed with only GOP backing, to be unlawful gerrymanders drawn for partisan advantage.—Jake Zuckerman, cleveland, 14 Aug. 2023 Because the Taliban refused to deal with Ghani’s regime, the Republic was largely left out of the negotiations, and later talks between the Taliban and Ghani’s representatives foundered, leaving the Taliban free to pursue a military victory.—Steve Coll, The New Yorker, 13 Aug. 2023 The owners initially planned to close only some of the stores, but that changed in late June, when a $45 million loan to keep the business afloat foundered.—Globe Staff, BostonGlobe.com, 11 Aug. 2023 See More
These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'founder.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.
Middle English foundour, borrowed from Anglo-French fundur, foundour, going back to Latin fundātor, from fundāre "to found entry 4" + -tor, agent suffix
Middle English fondrer "to fall to the ground, stumble, sink," borrowed from Anglo-French fundrer "to destroy," probably back-formation from enfondrer, esfondrer, affondrer "to sink, send to the bottom," prefixed forms based on Old French -fondrer, going back to Vulgar Latin *-fundorāre, verbal derivative of Late Latin fundor-, variant stem of Latin fundus "bottom, base" — more at bottom entry 1
The simple verb fundrer (as opposed to prefixed forms) is marginally attested in Anglo-French, its senses partially merged with fondre going back to Latin fundere (see found entry 5), which in addition to its basic meanings "to pour, cast" had already in Classical Latin the extended meanings "to scatter, disperse, rout" and "to lay low, slay."
: to disable (a domesticated animal, such as a horse or cow), especially as a result of excessive feeding or poor nutrition : to cause laminitis in
2 of 2noun
: inflammation of and damage to the laminae (see laminasense b) and coffin bone in the hoof of a domesticated animal (such as a horse or cow) that is typically caused by poor diet, obesity, or diseases associated with inflammation : laminitis