Definition of extend
1 : to spread or stretch forth : unbend extended both her arms
2a : to stretch out to fullest lengthb : to cause (an animal, such as a horse) to move at full stridec : to exert (oneself) to full capacity could work long and hard without seeming to extend himselfd (1) : to increase the bulk of (as by adding a cheaper substance or a modifier) (2) : adulterate
3 [Middle English, from Medieval Latin extendere (from Latin) or Anglo-French estendre, from Old French] a British : to take possession of (something, such as land) by a writ of extentb obsolete : to take by force
4a : to make the offer of : proffer extending aid to the needy extending their greetingsb : to make available extending credit to customers
5a : to cause to reach (as in distance or scope) national authority was extended over new territoriesb : to cause to be longer : prolong extend the side of a triangle extended their visit another day; also : to prolong the time of payment ofc : advance, further extending her potential through job training
6a : to cause to be of greater area or volume : enlarge extended the patio to the back of the houseb : to increase the scope, meaning, or application of : broaden beauty, I suppose, opens the heart, extends the consciousness — Algernon Blackwoodc archaic : exaggerate
1 : to stretch out in distance, space, or time : reach their jurisdiction extended over the whole area
2 : to reach in scope or application his concern extends beyond mere business to real service to his customers
extendabilityplay \ik-ˌsten-də-ˈbi-lə-tē\ noun
extendableor less commonly
extendibleplay \ik-ˈsten-də-bəl\ adjective
Examples of extend in a sentence
He extended a hand in greeting.
sitting with both legs fully extended
The table measures eight feet long when it is fully extended.
The table extends to eight feet in length.
The woods extend for miles to the west.
Their knowledge of the family's history extends back to colonial times.
Their influence extends well beyond their immediate circle of friends.
His popularity extends from coast to coast.
Origin and Etymology of extend
Middle English, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French estendre, from Latin extendere, from ex- + tendere to stretch — more at thin
First Known Use: 14th century
Synonym Discussion of extend
EXTEND Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of extend for English Language Learners
: to cause (something, such as your arm or leg) to straighten out or to stretch out
: to become longer or to be able to become longer
: to continue in a specified direction or over a specified distance, space, or time
EXTEND Defined for Kids
Definition of extend for Students
Word Root of extend
The Latin word tendere, meaning to “stretch” or “to spread,” and its form tentus give us the roots tend, tent, and tens. Words from the Latin tendere have something to do with stretching or spreading. A tent is a temporary shelter made from stretched out fabric. To distend is to stretch outward and swell in all directions. To extend is to stretch out. A tendon is a cord that connects a muscle to another muscle or to a bone and that stretches allowing a joint to bend. Something tense is stretched tight.
Seen and Heard
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