extend

verb
ex·​tend | \ ik-ˈstend How to pronounce extend (audio) \
extended; extending; extends

Definition of extend

transitive verb

1 : to spread or stretch forth : unbend extended both her arms
2a : to stretch out to fullest length
b : to cause (an animal, such as a horse) to move at full stride
c : to exert (oneself) to full capacity could work long and hard without seeming to extend himself
d(1) : to increase the bulk of (as by adding a cheaper substance or a modifier)
(2) : adulterate

3 [ Middle English, from Medieval Latin extendere (from Latin) or Anglo-French estendre, from Old French ]

a British : to take possession of (something, such as land) by a writ of extent
b obsolete : to take by force
4a : to make the offer of : proffer extending aid to the needy extending their greetings
b : to make available extending credit to customers
5a : to cause to reach (as in distance or scope) national authority was extended over new territories
b : to cause to be longer : prolong extend the side of a triangle extended their visit another day also : to prolong the time of payment of
c : advance, further extending her potential through job training
6a : to cause to be of greater area or volume : enlarge extended the patio to the back of the house
b : to increase the scope, meaning, or application of : broaden beauty, I suppose, opens the heart, extends the consciousness— Algernon Blackwood
c archaic : exaggerate

intransitive verb

1 : to stretch out in distance, space, or time : reach their jurisdiction extended over the whole area
2 : to reach in scope or application his concern extends beyond mere business to real service to his customers

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Other Words from extend

extendability \ ik-​ˌsten-​də-​ˈbi-​lə-​tē How to pronounce extendability (audio) \ noun
extendable or less commonly extendible \ ik-​ˈsten-​də-​bəl How to pronounce extendible (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for extend

extend, lengthen, prolong, protract mean to draw out or add to so as to increase in length. extend and lengthen imply a drawing out in space or time but extend may also imply increase in width, scope, area, or range. extend a vacation extend welfare services lengthen a skirt lengthen the workweek prolong suggests chiefly increase in duration especially beyond usual limits. prolonged illness protract adds to prolong implications of needlessness, vexation, or indefiniteness. protracted litigation

Examples of extend in a Sentence

He extended a hand in greeting. sitting with both legs fully extended The table measures eight feet long when it is fully extended. The table extends to eight feet in length. The woods extend for miles to the west. Their knowledge of the family's history extends back to colonial times. Their influence extends well beyond their immediate circle of friends. His popularity extends from coast to coast.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Humberto’s tropical storm-force winds extend out 160 miles. Tiffini Theisen, orlandosentinel.com, "Strengthening Tropical Storm Humberto remains east of Florida, on track to become a hurricane overnight," 15 Sep. 2019 But the growth of extreme weather extends beyond hurricanes. Dante Chinni, NBC News, "Extreme weather events (and the costs) are piling up," 15 Sep. 2019 Like a spinning, gliding Frisbee, my work extends me beyond the frail confines of my body. Richard Lederer, San Diego Union-Tribune, "A chorus of music legends sport striking nicknames," 14 Sep. 2019 Wrap-around decking extends the living space outdoors. La Cañada Valley Sun, "Actors Topher and Ashley Grace buy in La Cañada Flintridge," 13 Sep. 2019 This extends an unmistakable pattern reflected in the Bay Area. Ron Kroichick, SFChronicle.com, "Friday night flight: How football's decline is impacting high school sports," 13 Sep. 2019 But again, those benefits only extend to people who are trying to quit smoking cigarettes, which kill 480,000 people a year, according to the CDC. Maggie O'neill, Health.com, "The Dangers of Vaping Doctors Want Everyone to Know," 12 Sep. 2019 The project will replace existing the vehicle barriers — located above the banks of the low-water Colorado River — starting from the Morelos Dam and extending south five miles to the area near County 12th Street. Rafael Carranza, azcentral, "Second border wall replacement project starts in Yuma, uses military funds," 10 Sep. 2019 Hurricane force winds now extend 70 miles from the eye of the storm and tropical-storm-force winds extend outward up to 175 miles. Chris Morris, Fortune, "As Hurricane Dorian Snakes Along the East Coast, Georgia and South Carolina Brace for Storm," 4 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extend.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of extend

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for extend

Middle English, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French estendre, from Latin extendere, from ex- + tendere to stretch — more at thin

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Statistics for extend

Last Updated

16 Oct 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for extend

The first known use of extend was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for extend

extend

verb

English Language Learners Definition of extend

: to cause (something, such as your arm or leg) to straighten out or to stretch out
: to become longer or to be able to become longer
: to continue in a specified direction or over a specified distance, space, or time

extend

verb
ex·​tend | \ ik-ˈstend How to pronounce extend (audio) \
extended; extending

Kids Definition of extend

1 : to hold out extend a hand
2 : to stretch out or across something There was no way of going around it, for it seemed to extend … as far as they could see …— L. Frank Baum, The Wizard of Oz
3 : to make longer extend a visit
4 : stretch entry 1 sense 2 extend a sail
5 : enlarge extend the meaning of a word
ex·​tend | \ ik-ˈstend How to pronounce extend (audio) \

Medical Definition of extend

1 : to straighten out (as an arm or leg)
2 : to increase the quantity or bulk of (as by adding a cheaper substance or a modifier) extending ground meat with cereal also : adulterate

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More from Merriam-Webster on extend

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with extend

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for extend

Spanish Central: Translation of extend

Nglish: Translation of extend for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of extend for Arabic Speakers

Comments on extend

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