Definition of extend
1 : to spread or stretch forth : unbend <extended both her arms>
2a : to stretch out to fullest lengthb : to cause (as a horse) to move at full stridec : to exert (oneself) to full capacity <could work long and hard without seeming to extend himself>d (1) : to increase the bulk of (as by adding a cheaper substance or a modifier) (2) : adulterate
3 [Middle English, from Medieval Latin extendere (from Latin) or Anglo-French estendre, from Old French] a British : to take possession of (as lands) by a writ of extentb obsolete : to take by force
4a : to make the offer of : proffer <extending aid to the needy> <extending their greetings>b : to make available <extending credit to customers>
5a : to cause to reach (as in distance or scope) <national authority was extended over new territories>b : to cause to be longer : prolong <extend the side of a triangle> <extended their visit another day>; also : to prolong the time of payment ofc : advance, further <extending her potential through job training>
6a : to cause to be of greater area or volume : enlarge <extended the patio to the back of the house>b : to increase the scope, meaning, or application of : broaden <beauty, I suppose, opens the heart, extends the consciousness — Algernon Blackwood>c archaic : exaggerate
1 : to stretch out in distance, space, or time : reach <their jurisdiction extended over the whole area>
2 : to reach in scope or application <his concern extends beyond mere business to real service to his customers>
extendabilityplay \ik-ˌsten-də-ˈbi-lə-tē\ noun
extendableor less commonly
extendibleplay \ik-ˈsten-də-bəl\ adjective
Examples of extend in a sentence
He extended a hand in greeting.
sitting with both legs fully extended
The table measures eight feet long when it is fully extended.
The table extends to eight feet in length.
The woods extend for miles to the west.
Their knowledge of the family's history extends back to colonial times.
Their influence extends well beyond their immediate circle of friends.
His popularity extends from coast to coast.
Origin and Etymology of extend
Middle English, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French estendre, from Latin extendere, from ex- + tendere to stretch — more at thin
First Known Use: 14th century
Synonym Discussion of extend
EXTEND Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of extend for English Language Learners
: to cause (something, such as your arm or leg) to straighten out or to stretch out
: to become longer or to be able to become longer
: to continue in a specified direction or over a specified distance, space, or time
EXTEND Defined for Kids
Definition of extend for Students
1 : to hold out <extend a hand>
2 : to stretch out or across something <There was no way of going around it, for it seemed to extend … as far as they could see … — L. Frank Baum, The Wizard of Oz>
3 : to make longer <extend a visit>
4 : 1stretch 2 <extend a sail>
5 : enlarge <extend the meaning of a word>
Word Root of extend
The Latin word tendere, meaning to “stretch” or “to spread,” and its form tentus give us the roots tend, tent, and tens. Words from the Latin tendere have something to do with stretching or spreading. A tent is a temporary shelter made from stretched out fabric. To distend is to stretch outward and swell in all directions. To extend is to stretch out. A tendon is a cord that connects a muscle to another muscle or to a bone and that stretches allowing a joint to bend. Something tense is stretched tight.
Seen and Heard
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