extend

verb
ex·​tend | \ ik-ˈstend How to pronounce extend (audio) \
extended; extending; extends

Definition of extend

transitive verb

1 : to spread or stretch forth : unbend extended both her arms
2a : to stretch out to fullest length
b : to cause (an animal, such as a horse) to move at full stride
c : to exert (oneself) to full capacity could work long and hard without seeming to extend himself
d(1) : to increase the bulk of (as by adding a cheaper substance or a modifier)
(2) : adulterate

3 [ Middle English, from Medieval Latin extendere (from Latin) or Anglo-French estendre, from Old French ]

a British : to take possession of (something, such as land) by a writ of extent
b obsolete : to take by force
4a : to make the offer of : proffer extending aid to the needy extending their greetings
b : to make available extending credit to customers
5a : to cause to reach (as in distance or scope) national authority was extended over new territories
b : to cause to be longer : prolong extend the side of a triangle extended their visit another day also : to prolong the time of payment of
c : advance, further extending her potential through job training
6a : to cause to be of greater area or volume : enlarge extended the patio to the back of the house
b : to increase the scope, meaning, or application of : broaden beauty, I suppose, opens the heart, extends the consciousness— Algernon Blackwood
c archaic : exaggerate

intransitive verb

1 : to stretch out in distance, space, or time : reach their jurisdiction extended over the whole area
2 : to reach in scope or application his concern extends beyond mere business to real service to his customers

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from extend

extendability \ ik-​ˌsten-​də-​ˈbi-​lə-​tē How to pronounce extendability (audio) \ noun
extendable or less commonly extendible \ ik-​ˈsten-​də-​bəl How to pronounce extendible (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for extend

extend, lengthen, prolong, protract mean to draw out or add to so as to increase in length. extend and lengthen imply a drawing out in space or time but extend may also imply increase in width, scope, area, or range. extend a vacation extend welfare services lengthen a skirt lengthen the workweek prolong suggests chiefly increase in duration especially beyond usual limits. prolonged illness protract adds to prolong implications of needlessness, vexation, or indefiniteness. protracted litigation

Examples of extend in a Sentence

He extended a hand in greeting. sitting with both legs fully extended The table measures eight feet long when it is fully extended. The table extends to eight feet in length. The woods extend for miles to the west. Their knowledge of the family's history extends back to colonial times. Their influence extends well beyond their immediate circle of friends. His popularity extends from coast to coast.
See More

Recent Examples on the Web

Bartholomew’s credits extended well beyond his work with Domino, who died in 2017. Hillel Italie And Rebecca Santana, USA TODAY, "Dave Bartholomew, New Orleans music legend and Rock and Roll Hall of Famer, dies at 100," 23 June 2019 There’s also $450,000 to help finish the last phase of CR 466A in Lake County, extending the road to connect US 27 to The Villages that made it past the veto pen. Leslie Postal, orlandosentinel.com, "Gov. Ron DeSantis signs $90.9B budget, vetoes money for UCF, Orlando police, other projects," 21 June 2019 Talks between the union and officials from the company based in suburban Paris extended into the early hours Friday past the strike deadline. Phoebe Wall Howard, Detroit Free Press, "1,900 Michigan UAW workers strike at Saline plant for Ford, FCA, Tesla parts," 21 June 2019 That’s because aspens are clonal, extending outward through underground root systems that both bind the organisms together and establish new clones. Riley Black, WSJ, "‘Nature’s Giants’ and ‘Superlative’ Review: Wild, Wilder, Wildest," 21 June 2019 According to Brockell, the pair lived separately for the next nine years, visiting each other for extended periods of time but maintaining homes in separate states. Meilan Solly, Smithsonian, "New Book Chronicles First Lady Rose Cleveland’s Love Affair With Evangeline Simpson Whipple," 21 June 2019 My sister-in-law was sitting relaxed in her chair, stretching her back and extending her stomach. Dear Abby, oregonlive.com, "Dear Abby: Waiter asks if woman is pregnant (she isn’t) and her husband goes off," 21 June 2019 My sister-in-law was sitting relaxed in her chair, stretching her back and extending her stomach. Abigail Van Buren, Twin Cities, "Dear Abby: Waiter’s effort at small talk explodes into savage tirade," 21 June 2019 However, that likely only extends some 12 miles off of the Iranian coast, aviation experts said. David Martin, CBS News, "FAA bars U.S. airlines from Iranian airspace over Strait of Hormuz and Gulf of Oman after drone shot down," 21 June 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extend.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of extend

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for extend

Middle English, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French estendre, from Latin extendere, from ex- + tendere to stretch — more at thin

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about extend

Statistics for extend

Last Updated

26 Jun 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for extend

The first known use of extend was in the 14th century

See more words from the same century

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for extend

extend

verb

English Language Learners Definition of extend

: to cause (something, such as your arm or leg) to straighten out or to stretch out
: to become longer or to be able to become longer
: to continue in a specified direction or over a specified distance, space, or time

extend

verb
ex·​tend | \ ik-ˈstend How to pronounce extend (audio) \
extended; extending

Kids Definition of extend

1 : to hold out extend a hand
2 : to stretch out or across something There was no way of going around it, for it seemed to extend … as far as they could see …— L. Frank Baum, The Wizard of Oz
3 : to make longer extend a visit
4 : stretch entry 1 sense 2 extend a sail
5 : enlarge extend the meaning of a word
ex·​tend | \ ik-ˈstend How to pronounce extend (audio) \

Medical Definition of extend

1 : to straighten out (as an arm or leg)
2 : to increase the quantity or bulk of (as by adding a cheaper substance or a modifier) extending ground meat with cereal also : adulterate

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on extend

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with extend

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for extend

Spanish Central: Translation of extend

Nglish: Translation of extend for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of extend for Arabic Speakers

Comments on extend

What made you want to look up extend? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

to take the place or position of

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Words for Summer: A Quiz

  • a closeup of a sunflower
  • Which of the following words means “of or relating to summer”?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!

TAKE THE QUIZ
Syn City

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!