extend

verb
ex·​tend | \ ik-ˈstend How to pronounce extend (audio) \
extended; extending; extends

Definition of extend

transitive verb

1 : to spread or stretch forth : unbend extended both her arms
2a : to stretch out to fullest length
b : to cause (an animal, such as a horse) to move at full stride
c : to exert (oneself) to full capacity could work long and hard without seeming to extend himself
d(1) : to increase the bulk of (as by adding a cheaper substance or a modifier)
(2) : adulterate

3 [ Middle English, from Medieval Latin extendere (from Latin) or Anglo-French estendre, from Old French ]

a British : to take possession of (something, such as land) by a writ of extent
b obsolete : to take by force
4a : to make the offer of : proffer extending aid to the needy extending their greetings
b : to make available extending credit to customers
5a : to cause to reach (as in distance or scope) national authority was extended over new territories
b : to cause to be longer : prolong extend the side of a triangle extended their visit another day also : to prolong the time of payment of
c : advance, further extending her potential through job training
6a : to cause to be of greater area or volume : enlarge extended the patio to the back of the house
b : to increase the scope, meaning, or application of : broaden beauty, I suppose, opens the heart, extends the consciousness— Algernon Blackwood
c archaic : exaggerate

intransitive verb

1 : to stretch out in distance, space, or time : reach their jurisdiction extended over the whole area
2 : to reach in scope or application his concern extends beyond mere business to real service to his customers

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Other Words from extend

extendability \ ik-​ˌsten-​də-​ˈbi-​lə-​tē How to pronounce extendability (audio) \ noun
extendable or less commonly extendible \ ik-​ˈsten-​də-​bəl How to pronounce extendible (audio) \ adjective

Choose the Right Synonym for extend

extend, lengthen, prolong, protract mean to draw out or add to so as to increase in length. extend and lengthen imply a drawing out in space or time but extend may also imply increase in width, scope, area, or range. extend a vacation extend welfare services lengthen a skirt lengthen the workweek prolong suggests chiefly increase in duration especially beyond usual limits. prolonged illness protract adds to prolong implications of needlessness, vexation, or indefiniteness. protracted litigation

Examples of extend in a Sentence

He extended a hand in greeting. sitting with both legs fully extended The table measures eight feet long when it is fully extended. The table extends to eight feet in length. The woods extend for miles to the west. Their knowledge of the family's history extends back to colonial times. Their influence extends well beyond their immediate circle of friends. His popularity extends from coast to coast.
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Recent Examples on the Web

Today, the brand launched APlus by Anthropologie, which features extended sizing from 16W-26W. Previously, the retailer only reached women sizes 00P–14P and 00–16. Rachel Epstein, Marie Claire, "Anthropologie Launches Its First Plus-Size Line, APlus by Anthropologie," 15 Mar. 2019 Jump your feet back so that your body is in a high plank position with your hands shoulder-width apart, shoulders stacked over your wrists, back straight, legs extended, and core and glutes engaged. Jenny Mccoy, SELF, "A Total-Body HIIT Workout You Can Do in Under 15 Minutes From Celebrity Trainer Jeanette Jenkins," 14 Mar. 2019 The family appreciates the outpouring of support and prayers that have been extended to Luke from around the world, and respectfully request privacy in this time of great mourning. Kaitlin Menza, Woman's Day, "Luke Perry's Children Posted Tributes to Their Dad on Instagram," 6 Mar. 2019 In May, Katy extended a literal olive branch to Taylor, literally sending her an olive branch. Carolyn Twersky, Seventeen, "6 Signs That Taylor Swift is Coming Out with a New Album," 26 Feb. 2019 Still in the conceptual phase, the wings extend a sprawling 170 feet end to end, supported by a truss and a modified wing sweep to make aircraft more aerodynamic. Sam Blum, Popular Mechanics, "Boeing's "Transonic" Wings Will Carry Airliners to Nearly the Speed of Sound at Higher Altitudes," 9 Jan. 2019 Of course the nothing-is-off-limits hospitality extends beyond food, too. Leena Kim, Town & Country, "What to Do in St. Moritz During January," 7 Jan. 2019 In Detroit, Cass Community Social Services is extending homeownership to residents in need by developing a neighborhood of tiny homes, which are affordable to people earning less than $10,000 a year. Diana Budds, Curbed, "How cities became more equitable in 2018," 26 Dec. 2018 That problem can extend to benefits like paid leave as well. Anna North, Vox, "Planned Parenthood is facing criticism for its treatment of pregnant workers," 21 Dec. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'extend.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of extend

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for extend

Middle English, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French estendre, from Latin extendere, from ex- + tendere to stretch — more at thin

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Statistics for extend

Last Updated

20 Mar 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for extend

The first known use of extend was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for extend

extend

verb

English Language Learners Definition of extend

: to cause (something, such as your arm or leg) to straighten out or to stretch out
: to become longer or to be able to become longer
: to continue in a specified direction or over a specified distance, space, or time

extend

verb
ex·​tend | \ ik-ˈstend How to pronounce extend (audio) \
extended; extending

Kids Definition of extend

1 : to hold out extend a hand
2 : to stretch out or across something There was no way of going around it, for it seemed to extend … as far as they could see …— L. Frank Baum, The Wizard of Oz
3 : to make longer extend a visit
4 : stretch entry 1 sense 2 extend a sail
5 : enlarge extend the meaning of a word
ex·​tend | \ ik-ˈstend How to pronounce extend (audio) \

Medical Definition of extend

1 : to straighten out (as an arm or leg)
2 : to increase the quantity or bulk of (as by adding a cheaper substance or a modifier) extending ground meat with cereal also : adulterate

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More from Merriam-Webster on extend

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with extend

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for extend

Spanish Central: Translation of extend

Nglish: Translation of extend for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of extend for Arabic Speakers

Comments on extend

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